From adventure-seeking backpackers to luxury jet-setters, travelers everywhere have added the fabled “Roof of the World,” and the capital city of Lhasa, on their places-to-see-before-I-die Bucket Lists. Tibet University is a comprehensive university with the highest academic level in the Tibet Autonomous Region. The production of national handicrafts has made great progress. This road is rarely used due to the lack of amenities and petrol stations. Dormitory blocks, offices and army barracks are built over the rest. See Lara Maconi, 'Gesar de Pékin? Outside of the urban area much of Chengguan District is mainly mountainous with a near nonexistent rural population. Riding a Tibet train to Lhasa has become a rather good choice of travelling to Tibet with the completion of the world's highest railway, the Qinghai-Tibet Railway which is also the only railway to Lhasa at present. The Lingkhor in Lhasa was 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) long enclosing Old Lhasa, the Potala and Chokpori hill. [68] The pillar contains dedications to a famous Tibetan general and gives an account of his services to the king including campaigns against China which culminated in the brief capture of the Chinese capital Chang'an (modern Xian) in 763 CE[69] during which the Tibetans temporarily installed as Emperor a relative of Princess Jincheng Gongzhu (Kim-sheng Kong co), the Chinese wife of Trisong Detsen's father, Me Agtsom.[70][71]. [9] Some of the rooms are decorated in traditional Tibetan style. After the 14th Dalai Lama fled to India during the 1959 Tibetan uprising, the government converted the palace into a museum. It accommodates about 1000 guests and visitors to Lhasa. Britannica noted that within Lhasa, there were about a total of 1,500 resident Tibetan laymen and about 5,500 Tibetan women. This road is part of National Highway 318 and starts from the Lhasa railway station, passes through Caina Township in Qushui County, terminating between the north entrance of the Gala Mountain Tunnel and the south bridgehead of the Lhasa River Bridge, and en route goes over the first overpass of Lhasa at Liuwu Overpass.[91]. There are over 450 rooms (suites) in the hotel, and all are equipped with air conditioning, mini-bar and other basic facilities. Chokpori, meaning 'Iron Mountain', is a sacred hill, located south of the Potala. Chinese authorities in Tibet’s capital Lhasa have increased police presence by opening several so-called “Security Centers,” with the aim of controlling Tibetans, sources in Tibet told RFA. The Dilemmas of a Kashmiri Muslim in Early Nineteenth-Century Tibet,' in Anna Akasoy, Charles Burnett, Ronit Yoeli-Tlalim (eds.). Lhasa contains several hotels. T he spiritual allure of Lhasa, China (Tibet) has always had a magnetic pull over travelers as one of the world’s great travel adventures since opening for tourism in the 1980s. [76] and served as the traditional summer residence of the successive Dalai Lamas until the 14th's self-imposed exile. In 1983 the lower part of it was said to have been found in a Lhasa rubbish tip, and the upper half in Beijing. Tibet Minshan Hotel - Lhasa 29.6604118347168 , 91.1172714233398 2A Xuexincun Road Near To Linkuo North Road Chengguan 850000 Lhasa , Lhasa , China , 850000 show map Lingkhor is a sacred path, most commonly used to name the outer pilgrim road in Lhasa matching its inner twin, Barkhor. Trains also arrive in Lhasa from Chengdu, Chongqing, Lanzhou, Xining, Guangzhou, Shanghai and other cities. The Potala Palace, Jokhang Temple and the Norbulingka are UNESCO world heritage sites. [11][12] Lhasa suffered extensive damage under the reign of Langdarma in the 9th century, when the sacred sites were destroyed and desecrated and the empire fragmented. Chinese authorities in Tibet’s capital Lhasa have increased police presence by opening several so-called “Security Centers,” with the aim of controlling Tibetans, sources in Tibet told RFA. [74][75] It is situated atop Mar-po-ri (Red Mountain), 425 feet (130 metres) above the Lhasa River valley, and rises up dramatically from its rocky base. Climate data and weather averages in Lhasa. Latitude and longitude coordinates are: 29.652491, 91.172112. [3] The inner urban area of Lhasa City is equivalent to the administrative borders of Chengguan District, which is part of the wider prefectural Lhasa City. Ancient Tibetan documents and inscriptions demonstrate that the place was called Rasa (ར་ས)[4][citation needed], which either meant "goats' place"[4][citation needed], or, as a contraction of rawe sa, a "place surrounded by a wall,"[5] or 'enclosure', suggesting that the site was originally a hunting preserve within the royal residence on Marpori Hill. China 14:16, 28-Nov-2020 My Tibet Story: My Lhasa diary. Road to Tibet Lhasa Woeser Phel Jinzhu West Road No. It is located south of the city proper. [77] Most of the old streets and buildings have been demolished in recent times and replaced with wider streets and new buildings. [30] Food rations and poorly stocked government stores replaced the old markets, until the 1990s when commerce in international wares once more returned to Lhasa,[31] and arcades and malls with a cornucopia of goods sprang up. The name Potala is derived from Mount Potalaka, the mythical abode of the Dalai Lama's divine prototype, the Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara. The air only contains 68 percent of the oxygen compared to sea level. "Tourism drive 'is destroying Tibet' Unesco fears for Lhasa's World Heritage sites as the Chinese try to pull in 10 million visitors a year by 2020". There were four large incense burners (sangkangs) in the four cardinal directions, with incense burning constantly, to please the gods protecting the Jokhang. [83], Lhasa has been served by rail since 2006, when the Qinghai–Tibet Railway opened for passenger operations. Situated in the center of the Tibetan Plateau, the city has a long history of government. The city has been the religious and administrative capital of Tibet since the mid-17th century. About 8000 students are enrolled at the university. The expedition's leader, Sir Francis Younghusband negotiated the Convention Between Great Britain and Tibet with the remaining Tibetan officials after the Dalai Lama had fled to the countryside. It is an old city and an important religious center, with wonderful shrines and temples (Gesar Lhakhang temple, the Jokhang Temple, etc), beautiful gardens and old monasteries. The 5th Dalai Lama, Lobsang Gyatso (1617–1682), unified Tibet and moved the centre of his administration to Lhasa in 1642 with the help of Güshi Khan of the Khoshut. Lhasa is also known as "the City of Sunlight" for it enjoys much more sunshine than most places in the world. A mix of the charming, modern, and tried and true. This article is about the inner urban area and district. It is 240 kilometers away from the holy lake Namtso. In addition to the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, the station is served by the Lhasa–Xigazê railway to Shigatse in western Tibet. [8] After conquering the kingdom of Zhangzhung in the west, he moved the capital from the Chingwa Taktsé Castle in Chongye County (pinyin: Qióngjié Xiàn), southwest of Yarlung, to Rasa (Lhasa) where in 637 he raised the first structures on the site of what is now the Potala Palace on Mount Marpori. Bloudeau, Anne-Mari & Gyatso, Yonten. It is thus sometimes called the "sunlit city" by Tibetans. The core leadership of this government is also referred to as the Ganden Phodrang, and Lhasa thereafter became both the religious and political capital. A 2011 book estimated that up to two-thirds of the city's residents are non-Tibetan, although the government states that Chengguan District as a whole is still 63% ethnic Tibetan. Beijing / Lhasa. Bhrikuti is said to have converted him to Buddhism, which was also the faith attributed to his second wife Wencheng. The Norbulingka palace and surrounding park is situated in the west side of Lhasa, a short distance to the southwest of Potala Palace and with an area of around 36 hectares (89 acres), it is considered to be the largest man made garden in Tibet. Lhasa has many sites of historic interest, including the Potala Palace, Jokhang Temple, Sera Monastery and Norbulingka. Be prepared with the most accurate 10-day forecast for Lhasa, Tibet, People's Republic of China with highs, lows, chance of precipitation from The Weather Channel and Weather.com Lhasa was the centre of Tibetan Buddhism as nearly half of its population were monks,[46] Though this figure may include monks from surrounding monasteries who travelled to Lhasa for various celebrations and were not ordinarily resident there. [24] The Jokhang Temple was also greatly expanded around this time. Bloudeau, Anne-Mari & Gyatso, Yonten. Lhasa (Lhasa dialect: /ɬɛː˥˥.sa˥˥/; Standard Tibetan: ལྷ་ས, lit. The Potala Palace, Jokhang Temple and the Norbulingka are UNESCO world heritage sites. After suppressing the rebels, Qing Qianlong Emperor reorganized the Tibetan government and set up the governing council called Kashag in Lhasa in 1751. Karmay, Samten C. (2005). Right:Lhasa Valley, ** Southern portions of these counties are claimed by the, Anne-Marie Blondeau and Yonten Gyatso, 'Lhasa, Legend and History,' in Françoise Pommaret-Imaeda (ed.). The driest month is January at 0.8 millimetres (0.03 in) and the wettest month is August, at 120.6 millimetres (4.75 in). The Xinjiang-Tibet Highway (G219) runs north from Lhasa to Yecheng, and then to Xinjiang. This temple has remained a key center of Buddhist pilgrimage for centuries. Start planning for Lhasa Get Lhasa's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Le sort du Roi Gesar de Gling, héros épique tibétain, en Chinese (post-) maoïste,' in Judith Labarthe. Many have been restored since the 1980s. In 2001, the Central Committee of the Chinese Government in its 4th Tibet Session resolved to restore the complex to its original glory. A forerunner was created in 1952 and the university was officially established in 1985, funded by the Chinese government. [citation needed] The 2000 official census gave a total population of 223,001, of which 171,719 lived in the areas administered by city street offices and city neighborhood committees. Annual Weather Averages in Lhasa. There are preliminary plans to link Lhasa by rail with Kathmandu. Lhasa Airport is the hub of Tibet Airlines, which offers regional services to other destinations in Tibet such as Nyingchi, Ngari Prefecture, Shigatse, and Qamdo. .You can order, too, sewing machines, radio sets and gramophones and hunt up Bing Crosby records. 8-5, Lhasa Xizang (Tibet), China 85000. 1935), fled into exile. Its Tibetan name means "The Land of the Gods". They have now been joined and the statue is housed in the Ramoche Temple, which was partially restored in 1986,[79] and still showed severe damage in 1993. [45] The permanent population also included Chinese families (about 2,000). Situated in the northwest of the city, it is east of the Potala and north of the Jokhang,[79] covering a total area of 4,000 square meters (almost one acre). In the Tibetan language, Lhasa means the Holy Land or the Buddha Land. Get the monthly weather forecast for Lhasa, Tibet, China, including daily high/low, historical averages, to help you plan ahead. Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. [21] In 1645, the reconstruction of the Potala Palace began on Red Hill. The walk was about one kilometre (0.6 miles) long and encircled the entire Jokhang, the former seat of the State Oracle in Lhasa called the Muru Nyingba Monastery, and a number of nobles' houses including Tromzikhang and Jamkhang. The Nam-tso Restaurant is located in the vicinity of the hotel and is frequented especially by Chinese tourists visiting Lhasa. About Lhasa Deep in the spectacular Himalayan Mountains, Lhasa is a jewel of a destination. [47], According to one writer, the population of the city was about 10,000, with some 10,000 monks at Drepung and Sera monasteries in 1959. Lhasa is also the traditional hub of the Tibetan trading network. The temple was gutted and partially destroyed in the 1960s and its famous bronze statue disappeared. Lhasa contains several businesses of note. Its campus is in Chengguan District, Lhasa, east of the city-centre. The average annual temperature of 8 °C (46 °F). Tibet was exporting musk, gold, medicinal plants, furs and yak tails to far-flung markets, in exchange for sugar, tea, saffron, Persian turquoise, European amber and Mediterranean coral. [35], Between 1987 and 1989, Lhasa experienced major demonstrations, led by monks and nuns, against the Chinese Government. [26] Chinese Muslims lived in a quarter to the south, and Newar merchants from Kathmandu to the north of the Barkhor market. Chengguan District is at the same administrative level as a county. Competitive industry together with feature economy play key roles in the development of Lhasa. [13], A Tibetan tradition mentions that after Songtsen Gampo's death in 649 C.E., Chinese troops captured Lhasa and burnt the Red Palace. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. The architectural style is based on the Indian vihara design, and was later extended resulting in a blend of Nepalese and Tang dynasty styles. Gonggar County of Lhoka (Shannan) Prefecture lies to the south. Lhasa Gonggar Airport (IATA: LXA), built in 1965, is the aviation hub of Tibet. [36], In 2000 the urbanised area covered 53 square kilometres (20 sq mi), with a population of around 170,000. However, many important sites were damaged or destroyed mostly, but not solely, during China's Cultural Revolution of the 1960s. Potala Palace, the former residence of the Dalai Lama, is a major attraction, but you’ll also find numerous important temples and even the world’s highest brewery. Miles, Paul. Updated 10:52, 03-Dec-2020 Global Stringer Asia;China. All government employees, their families and students were forbidden from practicing their religion, while monks and nuns were not allowed to enter government offices and the Tibet University campus. One even finds the Elizabeth Arden specialties, and there is a keen demand for them. It connects Lhasa with Xining, the capital of Qinghai Province, some 2,000 km (1,200 mi) away, and ultimately links Lhasa with other major cities with China's extensive railway network. For many years, chemical and car making plants operated in the area and this resulted in significant pollution, a factor which has changed in recent years. Ganden Monastery is also located in the west of Lhasa. Lǐ suggested that this tradition may derive from an interpolation. It contains many culturally significant Tibetan Buddhist sites such as the Potala Palace, Jokhang Temple and Norbulingka Palaces. [44] Lhasa has an annual precipitation of 426 millimetres (16.8 in) with rain falling mainly in July, August and September. The Nathu La pass offers Chinese companies access to the port of Kolkata (Calcutta), situated about 1,100 km (680 mi) from Lhasa, for trans-shipments to and from Tibet. Follow Us On Instagram. The Jesuit missionary, Ippolito Desideri reported in 1716 that the city had a cosmopolitan community of Mongol, Chinese, Muscovite, Armenian, Kashmiri, Nepalese and Northern Indian traders. Anne-Marie Blondeau and Yonten Gyatso, 'Lhasa, Legend and History,' pp.21–22. Emily T. Yeh,'Living Together in Lhasa: Ethnic Relations, Coercive Amity, and Subaltern Cosmopolitanism,' p.60; The monument however does not commemorate the Tibetan epic hero, but the Chinese figure. Lhasa Carpet Factory, a factory south of Yanhe Dong Lu near the Tibet University, produces traditional Tibetan rugs that are exported worldwide. Day 1 of our 8 day tour of Tibet started in the ancient capital, Lhasa. From within China, most travelers fly to Lhasa via another Chinese city. The hotel was operated by Holiday Inn from 1986 to 1997[56] and is the subject of a book, The Hotel on the Roof of the World. Lhasa Hotel is a 4-star hotel located northeast of Norbulingka in the western suburbs of the city. Official statistics of the metropolitan area report that 70 percent are Tibetan, 34.3 are Han, and the remaining 2.7 Hui, though outside observers suspect that non-Tibetans account for some 50–70 percent. Lhasa Lhasa is the capital of the Tibet autonomous region in China.It is 3,750 meters above sea level on the northern slopes of the Himalayas.Lhasa has about … Surrounded by Shigatse, Nyingchi, Nagqu and Shannan, Lhasa is also a transfer center for Tibet tours. ", Chokpori (Vajrapani), Pongwari (Manjushri), and Marpori (Chenresig or Avalokiteshvara). [citation needed], The term "Chengguan District" is the administrative term for the inner urban area or the urban centre within a prefecture, in this case the Prefectural-city of Lhasa. Some buildings in the Barkhor were damaged in the 2008 unrest.[78]. The Lhasa Brewery Company was established in 1988 on the northern outskirts of Lhasa, south of Sera Monastery and is the highest commercial brewery in the world at 11,975 feet (3,650 m) and accounts for 85 percent of contemporary beer production in Tibet. Explore Tibet International Travel Co.,Ltd is an legal entity that registered and authorized international travel company based in Lhasa of Tibet, Explore Tibet is the toplocal Tibet travel agency and Tibet tour operator developed by a team of local Tibetan tour guide withan innate knowledge about the culture, history and environment. Downloaded as a pdf file on 16 December 2007 from: Emily T. Yeh,'Living Together in Lhasa: Ethnic Relations, Coercive Amity, and Subaltern Cosmopolitanism,' in Shail Mayaram (ed. Tung (1980), p.21 and caption to plate 17, p. 42. [27] The city's merchants catered to all kinds of tastes, importing even Australian butter and Scottish whisky. Ramoche Temple is considered the most important temple in Lhasa after the Jokhang Temple. Of this, 257,400 are in the urban area (including a migrant population of 100,700), while 264,100 are outside. [citation needed], Chengguan District has an elevation of 3,650 metres (11,980 ft) and covers 525 square kilometres (203 sq mi). Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th Edition, People's Government of Lhasa Official Website - "Administrative divisions", "Lhasa Hotel in Lhasa, China - Lonely Planet", "Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa", "Monument to Tibet Peaceful Liberation Unveiled", "教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 (Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines)", World's highest railway Qinghai-Tibet Railway to be extended to Xigaze from Lhasa - Apple Travel, "Train 27, Now Arriving Tibet, in a 'Great Leap West, "The train to Lhasa, Tibet - What You Can Expect", "Extend Tibet railway line to Kathmandu, Nepal tells China", China may build rail tunnel under Mount Everest, state media reports, "New highway linking Lhasa to Gonggar Airport to be built", http://stadiumdb.com/stadiums/chn/lhasa_stadium, People's Government of Chengguan District, Lhasa Official Website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lhasa&oldid=993743684, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Standard Tibetan-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The half-dozen main colleges feature spectacular prayer halls and chapels. G318 also runs west to Zhangmu on the Nepal border. Annual precipitation is about 500 millimetres (20 in), mostly falling between July and September. [23] The palace underwent restoration works between 1989 and 1994, costing RMB55 million (US$6.875 million) and was inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1994. [6] Lhasa is first recorded as the name, referring to the area's temple of Jowo, in a treaty drawn up between China and Tibet in 822 C.E. [39], Chengguan District is located on the middle reaches of the Lhasa River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra River, with land that rises to the north and south of the river. Lozang Gyatso, the Great Fifth Dalai Lama, started the construction of the Potala Palace in 1645[22] after one of his spiritual advisers, Konchog Chophel (d. 1646), pointed out that the site was ideal as a seat of government, situated as it is between Drepung and Sera monasteries and the old city of Lhasa. Completed in September 1985, it is the flagship of CITS's installations in Tibet. LHASA: Dzekyid, a 54-year-old barley farmer, presents himself as a role model for his neighbours and for the success of China's efforts to tie economic development to social control in Tibet. Telephone: +86 133 0898 1522 Fax: +86 891 6865 232 Email: woeser@roadtotibet.com WeChat: roadtotibet . It is the center of Tibet's politics, economy and culture. Located in the old district of Lhasa, Barkhor Street is an ancient circular street that … From outside China, it is only possible from Kathmandu, Nepal. In the first half of the 20th century, several Western explorers made celebrated journeys to the city, including William Montgomery McGovern, Francis Younghusband, Alexandra David-Néel, and Heinrich Harrer. Lhasa Tourist Attractions. This river, known to local Tibetans as the "merry blue waves", flows through the snow-covered peaks and gullies of the Nyainqêntanglha mountains, extending 315 km (196 mi), and emptying into the Yarlung Zangbo River at Qüxü, forms an area of great scenic beauty. Subsequent to the introduction of the economic development policies, the influx of migrants has dramatically altered the city's ethnic mix in Lhasa. However, the importance of Lhasa as a religious site became increasingly significant as the centuries progressed. For most Tibetans it is the most sacred and important temple in Tibet. Emily T. Yeh,'Living Together in Lhasa: Ethnic Relations, Coercive Amity, and Subaltern Cosmopolitanism,' p.70. New Lhasa has obliterated most of Lingkhor, but one stretch still remains west of Chokpori. The tourism industry now brings significant business to the region, building on the attractiveness of the Potala Palace, the Jokang, the Norbulingka Summer Palace and surrounding large monasteries as well the spectacular Himalayan landscape together with the many wild plants and animals native to the high altitudes of Central Asia. Chengguan District of Lhasa was established on 23 April 1961. To get here take a taxi which costs around CNY 20. [43] The annual mean temperature is 7.98 °C (46.4 °F), with extreme temperatures ranging from −16.5 to 30.4 °C (2 to 87 °F). Historic Walking Areas, Points of Interest & Landmarks, International Youth Hostel Hotels in Lhasa. . the actual city). [51] From the fall of the monarchy in the 9th century to the accession of the 5th Dalai Lama, the centre of political power in the Tibetan region was not situated in Lhasa. 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