- In India, tubers used for birth control. Several people use the rootcrop as food. The possible reasons for its toxicity include the toxic effects of diosbulbin B and D on hepatocytes, the inhibition of antioxidant enzymes in liver mitochondria, and inhibition of enzymes that ordinarily metabolize the herb’s components. (2) Nami is a twining vine, arising from tuberous roots, - Extracts of tubers yielded hydroxybenzoic acid, hydroxycinnamic acid, and their derivatives. Gadung (Dioscorea hispida) March 10, 2020 Gadung (Dioscorea hispida) is a plant species in Dioscoreaceae, shrubs, trunks and climbing on hard-stemmed plants with convoluted direction always turning to the right from the root, 5-20 m long, producing tubers for … An ethanolic extract showed significant anticancer activity at varying doses, increasing survival, and decreasing tumor burden. (3) Rise in BP and contraction of nictitating membrane and of smooth muscle were inhibited by pretreatment with hexamethonium. Interpreting Wetland Status. The tubers were peeled, sliced and soaked in flowing water (river) up to 7 days during traditionally detoxified process. • Insecticidal: Residue after extraction of poison used as insecticidal. Four wild yam species, which are eaten after primary treatment by Nepali aborigines, were analyzed for bitter and toxic principles. for Anti-Inflammatory and Analgesic Activities / Panduranga Murthy et al / Int. Stems covered with few or many picrotoxin. Several systems have been devised for the classification of poisonous plants, none of which is completely satisfactory. Hypoglycemic Activity of Water Soluble Polysaccharides of Yam (Dioscorea hispida Dents) Prepared by Aqueous, Papain, and Tempeh Inoculum Assisted Extractions / Teti Estiasih, Harijono, Weny Bekti Sunarharum, Atina Rahmawati / World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 70 2012 and reaching a length of several meters. Study evaluated the dioscorine content of D. hispida dried tubers in Thailand. Various plant parts used in whitlow, sores, boils, and bites of rabbit, jackal or dog. Utilization of Nami Roots (Dioscorea hispida) as an Additive in Citronella, Neem and Eucalyptus Oil-Based Mosquito Repellent (3) ex Klotzsch & Garcke Helmia daemona (Roxb.) Dioscorea hispida(D.hispida)is a poisonous plant which their tuber contains toxic poison and can be consumed after the poison or dioscorine is removed. TROPICAL YAM-TUBER (DIOSCOREA HISPIDA DENNST. - There regional variations to the removal of toxin from the intoxicating tubers. see more details by Blighia sápida, where the toxic principle is probably a glucoside and there is no known test for it. • Hypnotic Effect / Leaves: A previous study has shown the aqueous crude extract of nami leaf to have sedative effect. Wild Yam – a review / Anthony Dweck The method for removing alkaloid dioscorine in Dioscorea hispida is explored in this research through a soaking process. • Intoxicant: Jeypore people of India reportedly use the intoxicating effect of D. hispida to forget their sorrows, as they get an effect similar to drinking beer. - Neurotoxicity manifestations range from dizziness, altered consciousness, muscle paralysis and seizures. Dioscorea hispida var. (7) • Dioscorine / Neurotoxic / Dried Tubers: Dioscorea hispida contains the neurotoxic dioscorine, an isoquinuclidine alkaloid that causes nervous system paralysis. Dioscorea hispida is a poisonous plant normally found in forest where scientific studies have shown that its tuber contains toxic poison and can be consumed after its poison is removed. General information about Dioscorea hispida (DIUHI) Himalayas, India, Bangladesh, Indochina, Malesia, China (including Taiwan), New Guinea, Australia (Queensland). Clarke, M. L., D. G. Harvey and D. J. Humphreys. Toxicity and bitterness in Australian Dioscorea bulbifera L. and Dioscorea hispida Dennst. D. hispida contains neurotoxic dioscorine, an isoquinuclidine alkaloid causes nervous system paralyze. • 1937 Toxicological ! Others (18) I (A-H), PP. The utility model has its object the process of detoxifying or removing the toxic content of “karot” (Dioscorea hispida. Despite concerns over toxicity effects, the tuber is known to possess therapeutic values due to the presence of bioactive compounds such as saponins. - In Thailand, used to treat constipation. Approximately 600 Dioscorea species are eaten in various parts of the world. In Vitro Anthelmintic Activity of Dioscorea hispida (Dennst.) It has tuberous roots which are toxic. The Plants Database includes the following 30 species of Dioscorea . Availability - Yellow flesh tubers reported to have a better taste than white flesh tubers. Novel Dioscorea hispida starch-based hydrogels and their beneficial use as disinfectants / Imran Azman, ): FORMULATION AND A FUTURE NATURAL RODENTICIDE TO CONTROL RAT PEST IN RICE FARMING, Potential Herbal Medicines and Drug Interactions, List 818-821. Drug Dev. The wild forms are certainly toxic and therefore are sometimes utilized to poison animals whenever combined with bait. The sedative effect is comparable to sodium barbiturate, a potent sedative and anaesthetic, with D. hispida having a faster onset of lethargy. The Malaysian wild yam (Dioscorea hispida) is one of the undervalued tubers that contain starch suitable for hydrogel production. Traditionally the tubers were placed in flowing river water for several days. Due to being poisonous when fresh, they slice it to thin strips, place a sack full of them in running water for a few days, dehydrated then cooked. Starch is also gluten free. - Tuber, raw or cooked used as anodyne and maturative for tumors and buboes. • Bleaching: Yellow juice from the flesh and sap of tubers is used for bleaching (6) (4) Striated muscle contraction was inhibited by pretreatment with d-turbocurarine. A dictionary of the economic pro ducts of the Malay peninsula, Vol. All the WSP extracts exhibited an ability to decrease blood glucose in hyperglycemic condition as well as inhibit glucose absorption and short chain fatty acid (SCFA) formation. Fruit is a capsule, oblong and about 5 centimeters long. (16) Botany - In India used as famine food. Dioscorea alata ... Dioscorea hispida intoxicating yam Dioscorea japonica Japanese yam Dioscorea latifolia . Dioscorea hispida, also known as the Indian three-leaved yam, is a species of yam in the genus Dioscorea, native to South and Southeast Asia. – intoxicating yam Subordinate Taxa. - In Thailand, the Sakai remove the toxin by boiling with wood ashes. They are herbaceous plants with twine. Consumer information about the medication WILD YAM (Dioscorea villosa) - ORAL , includes side effects, drug interactions, recommended dosages, and storage information. • Anti-Inflammatory / Analgesic: Flesh and sap of tubers are yellowish. - Sweet tart-tasting, cooling. Analysis and identification of phenolic compounds in Dioscorea hispida Dennst / Sudawadee Theerasin* and A.T. Baker / As. Abstract : Dioscorea hispida is a plant whose tuber is used for food in the Tagalog provinces and other parts of the Philippines under the name nami. Additional https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dioscorea_hispida&oldid=932323219, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2019, at 01:17. Yams, the edible starchy tubers, are of cultural economic and nutritional importance in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world (Coursey, 1967). • Anthelmintic / Leaves: Study investigated alcoholic extracts of leaves of D. hispida for anthelmintic activity against Pheretima posthuma. short, sharp spines. Wild yams make a significant contribution to diets of tribal people in Nepal. • Hypoglycemic Effect: Study in alloxan-induced hyperglycemic rats evaluated the hypoglycemic effect of a water soluble polysaccharide extracted from yam tuber (D. hispida). - In Johore, decoction of tuber used as alterative and diuretic in chronic rheumatism. Folkloric (4) Synergistic compatibility detoxification may help to reduce toxic effects and improve therapeutic effects. Dioscorine content in Dioscorea hispida dried tubers in Thailand by TLC-densitometry and TLC image analysis / Nonglapat Sasiwatpaisit, Worathat Thitikornpong, Chanida Palanuvej / Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 2014; 6(4): pp 803-806 - Occurs in India to China and Taiwan and through Malaya to New Guinea. Dioscorea species, popularly known as Yam worldwide and as Ban Aalu in Odisha, India, is a prime staple medicinal-food substitute for the majority of rural and local people of the state of India. • Toxicity Study: Study (16) anticontusion, hemostatic. Also, used as an ingredient together with Antiaris toxicaria in the preparation of arrow poisons. (20) - Used by the Ayta communities of Porac, Pampanga for wounds and clotting. mollissima (Blume) Prain & Burkill Dioscorea virosa Wall. (5) Read more about the prescription drug WILD YAM (Dioscorea villosa) - ORAL. (19) 2009, 2(04), 547- 560 Pinatubo. However, on semi-purification, no significant hypnotic effect was observed. 2009, 2(04), 547- 560 - Rarely cultivated. (4) - Tuber paste is applied to peeling skin of feet. The roots of this species contain toxic substances, including the alkaloid dihydrodioscorine[300. Study: This 1937 study reports on the toxicological evaluation of Dioscorea hispida. Flowers are small; unisexual male flowers with 6 stamens; female Even though there are Study of extract of D. hispida in animal models showed potent analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects and therapeutic efficacy, comparable to standard drugs Pentazocine and indomethacin respectively. - Tubers contain the poisonous alkaloid dioscorine, resembling Res, Vol 1, No 2, Apr-June 2011 A highly toxic yam, only used as a famine food after prolonged soaking in water daemona (Roxb.) As we know, Dioscorea hispida is a poisonous plant, the tuber of this plant contains toxic poison and it only can be consume and eat after the discorine is removing. inhibited Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and Salmonella typhimurium growth. (14) and its uses as a supplementary food supply among the Hanunuo Mangyans of Mindoro, Philippines, TROPICAL YAM-TUBER (DIOSCOREA HISPIDA DENNST. Food Ag-Ind. Study evaluated the dioscorine content of D. hispida dried tubers in Thailand. Its dried tuber has been used as a crude drug in Thai remedy named Thoraneesanthakhat. Study showed phenolic acids were present in only small amounts in Kloi tuber, compared to relatively high phenolic content for other yam Dioscorea species. hauls huge potential as an organic corrosion inhibitor replacing synthetic inorganic corrosion inhibitors in the market and is harmless to the environment and does not require enormous processing scale. clothes and abaca fibers. - Studies suggest anthelmintic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-tumor activities. The toxicity was tested on mosquito fish, mice, and monkey; by analogy, the fatal dose for a 50 kg ma would be 2.5-3 gm. Prain & Burkill Dioscorea triphylla var. SOME GENERA...ARE POISONOUS, CONTAINING THE ALKALOID DIOSCORINE, WHICH HAS A PICROTOXIN -LIKE ACTION. Wetland Status. Peel yielded caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, p-hydroxybenzaldehyde and methylester of protocatechuic acid. Dioscorea hispida / Common names / Zipcodezoo The present invention, comprised of the crude aqueous extract of Dioscorea hispida, an indigenous plant from the Philippines, has been shown to have sedative, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic effects. However, these wild tubers are unpalatable, taste bitter, produce inflammation and show occasional toxicity. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. / Ana Joy P. Padua / Thesis/Dissertation 2014: University of the Philippines / Herdin Record #: PCHRD14061816344943  - Growing wild, chiefly in thickets Edibility / Nutrition It has frequently caused accidental food poisoning Studies have revealed that Dioscorea hispida tubers contain a poisonous substance called alkaloid dioscorine. J. Pharm & Ind. 2nd ed. (9) (3) - Tuber crop is an important source of carbohydrates; has been used a staple foods during WWI. alkaloids and hydrogen cyanide in free and bound forms, high moisture content and a disposition to post harvest deterioration. Evaluation of antitumour activity and antioxidant status in Discorea hispida Dennst. it showed an acceptable level of toxicity. Veterinary Toxicology. Of the 13 Dioscorea species available in SBR, 10 species are known to … study aimed to determine the dioscorine toxic compound present in Dioscorea hispida tubers after 5 days of soaking through an LC-MS analysis. This study evaluated and compared an aqueous leaf extract with 70% v/v methanol leaf extract in BALB/c mice. MALAY: Gadog, Gadong Mabuk, Gadung (Java), Taring Pelanduk, Ubi Akas, Ubi Arak, Ubi gadung. J. Analysis and identification of phenolic compounds in Dioscorea hispida Dennst / Sudawadee Theerasin and A T Baker / As. (17) arthritic and rheumatic pains. for Anti-Inflammatory and Analgesic Activities, Water Solubility, Swelling and Gelatinization Properties of Raw and Ginger Oil Modified Gadung (Dioscorea hispida Dennst) Flour, Ethnobotany and Distribution of Wild Edible Tubers in Pulau Redang and Nearby Islands of Terengganu, Malaysia, Pharmacological effects of the extract of dioscorea hispida, Evaluation of antitumour activity and antioxidant status in Discorea hispida Dennst. Nutritive value suggest the tuber as a cause of accidental food poisoning and use with criminal intent whenever combined bait. Herb cooked with salt, chili, tamarind and tumeric powder and used anodyne. Decrease blood glucose Kerala, India, tubers used in whitlow,,... A famine food after prolonged soaking in water Dioscorea hispida Dennst, Evaluation of ethanolic extract of hispida... And forests at low and medium altitudes throughout the Philippines lunata Roth Dioscorea mollissima Blume Dioscorea triphylla.. 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Which has a PICROTOXIN -LIKE ACTION remedy named Thoraneesanthakhat boiled for two days before cooking the yam detoxifying or the! Toxic compound present in Dioscorea hispida ( Dennst. a highly toxic yam, only as. Anodyne and maturative for tumors and buboes a crude drug in Thai remedy Thoraneesanthakhat!