Dr B. R. Ambedkar, chairperson of the drafting committee of the Indian constitution after presenting the constitution to the first president Dr Rajendra Prasad. 1891–d. Ambedkar’s conversion to Buddhism came in view of a total rejection of the bias against lower castes in Hinduism. Or Call us on- 9354229384, 9354252518, 9999830584. This book, probably for the first time, considers how Dr Ambedkar’s historic conversion to Buddhism in 1956, in Nagpur, with lacs of his followers, was a step towards carrying out a socio-cultural and democratic revolution in India. According to swami Vivekananda Buddhism is the fulfilment of Hinduism and not against it so Buddhism can be called as a refined form of Hinduism the article is correct but Hinduism isn’t just about Krishna it is much more much deeper what ambedkar has missed out is the South Indian shaivite and vaishnavism part of Hinduism the problem with Hinduism it is misinterpreted and then criticized but the things mentioned about Buddhism is true and actually many a times these two things have been the same and must remain like this. This biography is by the British-born Buddhist monk Urgyen Sangharakshita who knew Ambedkar and spent decades working with the Dalit community as the Untouchables became known. 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But the news media is in a crisis of its own. When he diagnosed Hinduism as a religion of inequality because it sanctified caste or when he converted to Buddhism with his followers, Ambedkar was … About the Book The main theme of this book Buddhism and Ambedkar is to prove that Babasaheb Dr. B.R. Excerpted, with permission, from Dr Ambedkar and Democracy edited by Christophe Jaffrelot and Narender Kumar. Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar's speech on Buddha or Karl Marx at Fourth Conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhist, Kathmandu on 20th November 1956. Jesus, Mahommed and Krishna claimed for themselves the Mokshadata. Could Mr Ambedkar have ever claimed that every person of his own cast is equal in wisdom, education and understanding to his own self? conversion to Buddhism which he inaugurated. In that sense, Buddhism is a democratic religion and Ambedkar, eventually found in this religion the societal values he had tried to promote via political democracy. There have been brutal layoffs and pay-cuts. People like Galileo were executed in Europe , while Aryabhatta and Brahmagupta both discovered things contrary to Hindu scriptures of that time. Buddhist, and explained what Buddhism meant to him. Click here for the lowest price! (He called it the Republican Party of India by reference, at the same time, to Lincoln’s American Republican Party and to the Republics of the Buddhist era in India). It is symptomatic of this greater responsibility that Ambedkar converts not only as an abstract individual, nor even as an individual Dalit, but also as a Dalit leader (or, in his early formulations, a Mahar leader), as one whose actions form a collective Dalit or Mahar identity. How can two human beings ever claim to be equal in their bearing and traits even when their finger prints are not the same or equal in any sense except that they may have equal number of fingers in their hands or equal number of eyes, ears, nose, tongue or hands and feet. The western idiots have imposed the word Hinduism on the ignorant minds. This book presents a scholarly edition of one of the greatest works on Buddhist writings, Ambedkar's The Buddha and His Dhamma. But the Lord Buddha said, « O Bhikkhus, you have come from different countries and castes ». Like Jesus he also claimed that he was the messenger of God. On 14 October 1956, Dr BR Ambedkar, the architect of the Indian Constitution, took a life-altering decision. The essence again in all these is Hinduism. Ambedkar has answered this in an essay titled ‘Buddha and Future of His Religion’, which was published in 1950 in the monthly magazine of Kolkata’s Mahabodhi Society. The Varna-System of Hindu religion is responsible for such a strange social structure. ‘I surrender to Buddha, to Dhamma and to Sangha’ Buddhists say. What about Buddhism over Islam or Christian? Krishna was, according to his own assumption, a God of Gods and therefore the question of infallibility did not even arise. Do Hindus expect these Backward Classes and the Scheduled Castes to live under Hinduism which gives them no promise of mental and moral relief? Posts about Buddhism written by Pardeep. Born an Untouchable – the lowest element of Indian society deemed to be outside the caste system, and […] Ambedkar’s conversion to Buddhism gave new impetus to the Dalit movement in India, allowing the group to find a voice free from the shakles of the four-fold varna system in Hinduism. What improvement can take place from this? His intellectual affinities with the Western developed during his stays in the United States and in England. This is the problem with hinduism it’s so much to get start with. What about the role of colonial interpretations about Indic traditions ? It relies on a reading of the self as a multiple creature that exceeds the constructions of liberal autonomy. In place of God there is morality. In place of Karma, Buddha substituted morality as the essence of Dhamma.”, Also read: There are 2.9 million atheists in India and it’s been around in Asia for centuries, Taking his comparison of Hinduism and Buddhism further, Ambedkar writes about the second point of difference thus: “The second point of contrast lies in the fact that the official gospel of Hinduism is inequality. Comparing Buddhism with Hinduism, Ambedkar writes, “Hinduism is a religion which is not founded on morality. This rediscovery of Buddhism had important implications. Also read: Would Ambedkar, Tagore and Buddha have been declared anti-national today? In the 1930s, Ambedkar proclaimed that though he was born a Hindu, he would not die a Hindu; and on 14th October 1956, with 400,000 followers, he converted to Buddhism in a mass meeting in Nagpur. And Ambedkar’s critical view on Islam? It is true that in Buddhism there is no God. Ambedkar compares the four religious teachers to find another distinction between Buddha and the rest. Now it has acquired a huge political dimension and is further entrenched for ever due to caste based reservations, caste based vote banks etc. It presents his reflections on the life of the Buddha, his teachings, and the spread of Buddhism by interweaving anecdotes with detailed analyses of the religion's basic tenets. B.R. Ambedkar, as mentioned in his declaration, departed to a large extent from the earlier sects of Buddhism. Nothing emphasises this more than the calling given in Vedas, that is –, ” UTTISHTHAT JAGRIT PRAPYABARAN NIBODHAT”. 25% were the Shudras and others. Plenty of other comparisons and arguments make Ambedkar’s point very convincing. Can a child having same number of limbs and senses ever be equal to a grown up Man or Woman in skills or understanding or wisdom? This party would also uphold “the secular character of the State”. Thank you,, you opened my eyes …. According to Hinduism neither a Shudra nor a woman could become a teacher of religion nor could they take Sannyasa and reach God. A study of the Buddhist Bhikshu Sanghas discloses that not only there were Parliaments—for the Sanghas were nothing but Parliaments—but the Sanghas knew and observed all the rules of Parliamentary Procedure known to modern times. Ambedkar spent these two decades to study other prominent religions and chose one he found to be the best among all. Today it appears to be extinct. Babasaheb Bhim Rao Ambedkar’s religious conversion is often a topic of curiosity and debate among people, who wonder why he chose Buddhism — or didn’t choose Islam, Christianity or Sikhism — when he renounced Hinduism. This reading of Buddhism does not only have social implications – it also has political implications. The second part deals with Ambedkar’s both explicit and implicit deliberations for selecting the right noble faith, that is, Buddhism whose foundation was egalitarianism, based on equality and compassion. In the essay, compares the personalities of founders of four religions, which “have not only moved the world in the past, but are still having a sway over the vast masses of people”. 1956 On 14 October, Ambedkar converted to Buddhism along with 380,000 of his followers in Nagpur. It deals with Ambedkar's conceptualization of Buddhism and the possibilities it offered for liberation and upliftment of the Dalits. The Non-Buddhist, (generally) non-Maharashtrian followers of Dr Ambedkar are also aware of Dr Ambedkar’s thoughts on Buddha and Buddhism but struggle to philosophically associate themselves with it. Never he lived luxurious life , he himself said that everyone is equal , he said ” God hates those who thinks that he’s superior than other person ” . Do your homework. On the contrary, when our sweeper ‘woman delivers a child, her eyes are focussed on a post of sweeper where it is lying vacant. Krishna says ‘Give up all religions and surrender unto me’. After many decades of bitter struggle against caste system and Hindu orthodoxy, Dr. B.R Ambedkar (1891-1956) converted to Buddhism shortly before his death. Buddha Purnima Why Ambedkar converted to BuddhismOn 14 October 1956 , Dr BR Ambedkar, the architect of the Indian Constitution, took a life We have launched our mobile APP get it now. The Buddhist Sangh is like an ocean. The religion of Buddha is morality. It is completely understandable as they have not gone through the conversion movement in past as Maharashtrian followers did. The present work cannot be considered as remedying these deficiencies, but only as taking a small step in that direction. Being based on reason and experience, the followers were free to modify or even to abandon any of his teachings if it was found that at a given time and in given circumstances they do not apply. “Buddha wanted his religion to remain evergreen and serviceable at all times. Ambedkar who had converted to Buddhism to protest caste-discrimination. Studying Dr Ambedkar helps us broaden our understanding of Buddhism to include its impact on societies all over the world. A good part of his ideas ensued from them. It was prepared to give up the doctrine of the infallibility of the Vedas. 106 quotes from B.R. Dr Ambedkar’s confidence and understanding about how Buddhism can change the world is needed now more than ever. Credit: columbia.edu. Even history proves that Hindus were less conservative. 1891–d. He not only preached against it, fought against it, but did everything to uproot it. People keep mentioning “Manusmriti” but what about “Vajrasuchi Upanishad” that question all forms of social division Or “Apastambha Dharmasutra” that puts even the Vedas below the community preferred practices. In the following pages I have given a brief account of Ambedkar’s career, described why and how he became a Buddhist, and explained what Buddhism meant to him. If so, then perhapse Sunnism and Shiaism in Muslims – and Catholicism and Protestism in Christianity will also require same identity and recognition. Ambedkar on Buddhism 14 October 1956 holds a special significance for the Dalit community in India. It will be a crude miniaturization of one of South Asia’s most original thinker, radical leader and activist to be understood only as a Dalit leader.Ambedkar believed that there was no place… He drew out the social message of Buddhism, its potential to help relieve inequality, greed, hatred and ignorance in all its forms, both in the individual and in society. In this Sangh all are equal. We are yet to reply. In the 1930s, Ambedkar proclaimed that though he was born a Hindu, he would not die a Hindu; and on 14th October 1956, with 400,000 followers, he converted to Buddhism in a mass meeting in Nagpur. But he converted to Buddhism only in 1956. He says that both Jesus and Mohammed claimed that what they taught was the word of God and (thus) was beyond question. But he further insisted that he was the last messenger. Vedic Philosophy describes different ways of life that may be practised by individuals to meet the objectives as preferred by that or those individuals or a community. Christophe Jaffrelot. Ambedkar called his version of Buddhism Navayana or Neo-Buddhism. It was published posthumously without citations, bibliographies and other scholarly apparatus. He rejected Hinduism because he thought that the caste system was co-substantial to this religion, whereas equality was inherent in Buddhism: Edited by Christophe Jaffrelot and NarenderDr Ambedkar and DemocracyOxford University Press, 2017. Dr. B.R.Ambedkar, on 31st May, 1936, in his address to a public meeting at Dadar (Bombay) on the subject of “why go for conversion?” said, “I should like to impress this thing on your minds very clearly that religion is for man and not man for religion. He asks what mental and moral relief does a religion bring to the suppressed and the downtrodden? It gave up Himsa. For e.g. Hello Select your address Best Sellers Today's Deals Electronics Customer Service Books New Releases Home Computers Gift Ideas Gift Cards Sell Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, the architect of Indian Constitution, ‘untouchable’ by caste in Hindu sect., splendidly emancipated atishudras from the shackles of Hinduism and managed to convert into Buddhism with 500,000 followers on 14th Oct 1956. Vedic philosophy never anywhere, preaches conversions unlike Muslims and Christians. His book, The Buddha and His Dhamma is the holy book of Navayana or Dalit Buddhists. What happened in Rome is sure to happen in India. What God is to other religions, morality is to Buddhism.”, Ambedkar then differentiates between ‘Dharma’ (Hinduism) and ‘Dhamma’ (Buddhism). Morality is a separate force which is sustained by social necessities and not by injunction of Hindu religion. Similar Items. Dr Ambedkar is learned in the Hindu religion and has studied it deeply. Babasaheb Ambedkar was well familiar with the great work of Professor Narasu so much that he republished the Essence of Buddhism in 1948 and supervised the plates of various photos that were included in the book. He was sure of his foundation. In philosophical sense, Budhist philosophy is a part of Hindu philosophy. Buddhist monk Lokanatha visited Ambedkar's residence at Dadar on June 10, 1936 and tried to persuade him to embrace Buddhism. This video was uploaded by Anthony "Amp" Elmore who is President and Founder of the Proud Black Buddhist World Association. Ambedkar and The Dalit Buddhist Movement in India (1950-2000) Dr. Shaji. Credit: Wikimedia Commons. He claimed that he was ‘Parameswhar‘ or as his followers describe him ”Devadhideva,” God of Gods,” Ambedkar writes about them. In his philosophy, liberty and equality had a place. Christians tried to erase Greek knowledge and science when they became dominant in Europe. Ambedkar, who belonged to the Mahar caste which was considered untouchable in Hinduism, converted to Buddhism after studying the religion for … Ambedkar converted to Buddhism on 14 October 1956 at Deekshabhoomi, Nagpur after years of contemplating and studying various religions of the world rigorously. Ambedkar's conversion to Buddhism came in view of a total rejection of the bias against lower castes in Hinduism. What God is to other religions, morality is to Buddhism.” Ambedkar then differentiates between ‘Dharma’ (Hinduism) and ‘Dhamma’ (Buddhism). He considered that “Religion is absolutely essential for the development of mankind” and diverged from the Marxists’ atheism in that respect. Ambedkar Buddhism, or Navayana (“new vehicle”) Buddhism, began on 14 October 1956 in Nagpur, India, when nearly 400,000 Dalits, formerly known as Untouchables, converted from Hinduism. Thanking in anticipation. jai bhim namo buddhay Mohammed went a step further. Dr. Ambedkar was deeply inspired by the Buddhist philosophy, which is well reflected in his works and life. Such an “invention of the tradition” (to use the words of Eric Hobsbawm) shows that even in his interpretation of the historical impact of Buddhism over India, Dr. Ambedkar remains deeply interested in political ideas. Led by Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (b. Sustaining journalism of this quality needs smart and thinking people like you to pay for it. It is true that in Buddhism there is no God. 1948 Married Savita (nee Sharda Kabir)– a Brahmin doctor.. 1951-1956 Devoted his energies to studying Buddhism and exploring the idea of the conversion of Untouchables.. 1951 Started to write The Buddha and his Dhamma which was published posthumously in 1957.. 1956 On 14 October, Ambedkar converted to Buddhism along with 380,000 of his followers in Nagpur. Ambedkar founded a new school of Buddhism, called Navayana which differed from other forms of Buddhism like Mahayana and Theravada in many fundamental ways. To no avail: fraternity never resulted from these political arrangements. Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, the architect of Indian Constitution, ‘untouchable’ by caste in Hindu sect., splendidly emancipated atishudras from the shackles of Hinduism and managed to convert into Buddhism with 500,000 followers on On the other hand, Buddha stood for equality. Thanks to Arab and India knowledge of Greeks was preserved. When he diagnosed Hinduism as a religion of inequality because it sanctified caste or when he converted to Buddhism with his followers, Ambedkar was … Ambedkar, in his historic speech in Nagpur on October 15, 1956, a day after he had embraced Buddhism, said, “The movement to leave the Hindu … If the teaching of the Buddha was democratic, then democracy is not an invention of the West – as the manner in which Dr. Ambedkar drew his inspiration from so many European and American scholars and leaders suggested -, but it’s a product of the Indian history. Moreover, it was in affirmation with principles of liberty, equality and fraternity that guided him throughout his life. In 1956, when Ambedkar and his followers converted to Buddhism, there were very few Buddhist bhikkus in India, and none of them had Marathi as mother tongue. You can never take Buddhism out of Hinduism or Hinduism out of Buddhism. He was not even satisfied with calling himself a God. That is why he gave liberty to his followers to chip and chop as the necessities of the case required. Members of the Valmiki community in Karera village said that they converted to Buddhism in the presence of Rajratan Ambedkar, great-grandnephew of Dr B R Ambedkar, on October 14. In his article ‘Buddha or Karl Marx’, he drew a parallel contrast between the two. “So long as we remain in a religion, … These Identities become political in the modern discourse & the role of colonization in making every micro to macro identity political can & should not be overlooked. Why Ambedkar chose Buddhism over Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Can you be a true democracy & let go of caste, Ambedkar asked Indians. It’s plain and simple. In place of God there is morality. Dr. Ambedkar didn’t just adopted buddhism just because it’s a good religion, yes, it is far better than Hinduism but still it has many drawbacks, because philosophy is always nonsense in some part of buddhism, he adopted this religion because it was a perfect way to get rid of caste or varna system of Hinduism that’s totally sucks on 2018 or before. These components of Dr. Ambedkar’s ideology of Republicanism reflect his liberal values, which are even more obvious in his deep attachment to the rule of law. From which authentic Source the we may trace the begining of Hinduism? Biased media!!! A person whose mind is not free though he may not be in chains, is a slave, not a free man. Buddhism_Ambedkar, Indore, India. Since the work is of a popular rather than a scholarly nature Sanskrit and Pali words have in most cases not been given their diacritical marks and there has been no attempt to secure uniformity in the spelling of these words as between my own text and the various quotations from Ambedkar’s writings. This is evident from a tangible fact: on 13 October 1956, the day before he converted to Buddhism in a grand ceremony in Nagpur, he addressed a press conference in which he announced that he had drafted the constitution of his new party, the Republican Party of India. And to add Brahminism to the concept of Hinduism appears to be height of absolute nonsense? But Buddha, he wrote, “never arrogated to himself any such status. I have derived them from the teachings of my Master, the Buddha. By asking one central question that Ambedkar believed “every religion must answer”, he gives out the reason why Hindus might turn to Buddhism. in India. One is reminded of the overthrow of Paganism by Christianity in the Roman Empire. Although these rules of Parliamentary Procedure were applied by the Buddha to the meetings of the Sanghas, he must have borrowed them from the rules of the Political Assemblies functioning in the country in his time. The Dharma  as enunciated by the Brahmins meant nothing more than the performances of certain karmas or observances, i.e. On 14 October 1956, Dr BR Ambedkar, the architect of the Indian Constitution, took a life-altering decision. Ambedkar had declared his decision to renounce Hinduism in 1936, in his ‘Annihilation of Caste’ speech. This article has been translated from Hindi. Ambedkar also was son of this soil which has given birth to so many notable personalities and religions such as Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism. Subscribe to our channels on YouTube & Telegram, Why news media is in crisis & How you can fix it. I have not. The basic problem of Hindu society has been its societal organisation wherein so called lower castes remained discriminated against for ever. The Buddha made a clear distinction between a Margadata and a Mokshadata. Despite reformist movement over many years, the caste system is deeply ingrained. It is imbedded in religion. Rivers flow separately when they flow in their provinces, but they lose their identity when they meet the sea. Because he meant that he was a man who’s a messenger and he’s here to portray message of his god for further guidance to the mankind . The Hindu masses when they are enlightened are sure to turn to Buddhism.”. 1951 Started to write The Buddha and his Dhamma which was published posthumously in 1957. The author is a PhD in Hindi and currently works as Hindi Editor of Forward Press. On October 14, 1956, B R Ambedkar along with 3,65,000 of his Dalit followers made history when they decided to leave the folds of Hinduism and embrace Buddhism. There are several myths or misconceptions associated with his choice. Also highlights how his framework on knowledge had shades of colonial veneer. It will become active once these mighty millions have become conscious of their degradation and know that it is largely due to the social philosophy of the Hindu religion. But it is not. He found Buddhism spiritually satisfying as it preached love and compassion for all (karuna). In modern age Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar is embraced Buddhism with 5,00,000 peoples in Nagpur on In an All-India Radio broadcast speech on 3 October 1954 he declared: … Ambedkar starts by stating that what separates Buddha from the rest of the other is his self-abnegation. In the Mahaparinibbana Sutta, he told Ananda that his followers should not accept his teaching as correct and binding merely because they emanated from Him. His interpretation that Hinduism is more conservative than others is false, as Muslims and Christians also take Quran and Bible to be work of God. Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar embraced Buddhism along with more than five lakh followers on the auspicious day of Ashoka Vijaya Dashmi (Dasera) on 14th October 1956. That is the reason why Brahmanism has so much more hatred and antagonism against Buddhism than it has against Jainism.”. Ambedkar gave a speech titled “Buddha or Karl Marx” at the Fourth Conference of the Buddhist World Fellowship in 1956, where he compared Marx, the architect of a … But what about the others? Let no one, however, say that I have borrowed my philosophy from the French-Revolution. Later in an interview to the Press, Lokanatha said that Ambedkar was impressed with Buddhism and that his own ambition was to convert all Dalits to Buddhism. He refused to be satisfied with merely being the Son of the God or being the messenger of God; he was not content even with being the last messenger of God. India needs free, fair, non-hyphenated and questioning journalism even more as it faces multiple crises. Does it mean we can distort this ism to bring terms such as Shudraism or Vashyaism or Kshatriaism to existence in Chaturvarna philosophy due our own whims and fancies? “All throughout the Bible, Jesus insist(s) that he is the Son of God and that those who wish to enter the kingdom of God will fail, if they do not recognise him as the Son of God. He was born as a son of man and was content to remain a common man and preached his gospel as a common man. Ltd. All rights reserved. Former Union Minister and Congress leader M. Mallikarjun Kharge has said that Dr. B.R. I am a Hindu and praying Budda, because of his teaching of morality is God and I live accordingly. Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Ambedkar claims ‘No parallel can be closer than what exists between Buddhism and Bhagvad Gita”. Ambedkar (1891-1956), was essentially a religious man; he lived his life in accordance with the teachings of the Buddha, and had those qualities and virtues which are necessary for the career of a Bodhisattva. Ambedkar combined fearless and trenchant criticism of religion with a deep sympathy and understanding of it. Finally renouncing Hinduism, with its cruel system of `graded inequality, they turned instead to Buddhism, in search of dignity, hope and a psth to self-improvemsent. Prosperity can be achieved only in the Buddhist religion. When the masses realised that Paganism could give them no mental and moral relief, they gave it up and adopted Christianity. Krishna was, according to his conversion to Buddhism to protest caste-discrimination to take up Buddhism with that... ’ speech a separate force which is well reflected in his philosophy, liberty equality... 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Architect of the Proud Black Buddhist world Association Hindi and currently works as Hindi Editor Forward... Video was uploaded by Anthony `` Amp '' Elmore who is President and Founder of the,! Movement in past as Maharashtrian followers did quit Hinduism to take up Buddhism with that. Its touchstone s so much to get start with Democracy about Ambedkar 's sect... Black Buddhist world Association on the ignorant minds Buddha or Karl Marx ’, he would base all analysis... Quality needs smart and thinking people like Galileo were executed in Europe his. Or observances, i.e 2.9 million atheists in India and it was a religious in! Youtube & Telegram, why news media is in crisis & how you can it... Was a religious person in some ways base all his analysis of the caste,...