The fight at Oaxaca came at the same time as successful coup (a fight by the military against the government) in Spain against the monarchy of Ferdinand VII. It started on 16 September 1810. In 1813, the Congress of Chilpancingo had their first meeting. Dislike. It Started With The Cry of Dolores. Mexican Girl Dancing During Mexican Independence Day Celebration . Mexican Independence Day is a major Mexican celebration held every year. They wanted a better, less bloody way to get independence. When this news reached Mexico, Iturbide saw it as an opportunity for the criollos to gain control of Mexico. Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, was a Mexican priest and member of a group of educated Criollos in Querétaro. Mexican Independence Day is celebrated on September 16 of each year, the anniversary of the start of Father Hidalgo's revolt. Another important part of the celebration is food. Mexican Independence Day . He was put on trial and executed for treason in San Cristóbal Ecatepec on 22 December. The day is full of music, noise and fireworks. But what’s the history behind the date of September 16? It was started by Mexican-born Spaniards (criollo people), Mestizos and Amerindians who wanted independence from Spain. \"Mexican Independence Day and Cinco de Mayo\" by Dianne MacMillan provides information about two important holidays in Mexico. They met in tertulias (salons), and decided in 1810 that a revolt against the colonial government was needed, because of the results of the Peninsular War. They marched on to Guanajuato, which was a major colonial mining centre governed by Spaniards and criollos. Most Mexicans are entitled to a day off work to celebrate. Hidalgo then turned to his parishioners in the town of Dolores. In the early hours of 16th September 1810 Hidalgo called on his … This caused Hidalgo and Allende to fight with each other. For many Americans of Mexican ancestry, this day has become a day to celebrate their Mexican heritage, pride and culture. The Plan of Iguala and the Treaty of Córdoba had rapidly brought about an alliance of insurgents and former royalists turned autonomists resulting in the rapid achievement of independence virtually without further military conflict. Also, many of the most influential criollos did not care any more. We have a full day of great programming with traditional dance, modern music, delicious food, activities for children of all ages, vendors, art, costume contests & more! The weapons the Mexicans used to fight were primitive. Mexican Independence Day Celebrations are all about music, culture, art, dance & community! Mexico´s independence - Tell me a story, telling I learn. Father Hidalgo's full name was Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla. Background: Mexico is the fourth largest country in the Western Hemisphere and is located south of the United States. After Father Hidalgo was executed, two more freedom fighters continued the fight. However, Mexican patriotic spirit is embodied in a multitude of popular traditions celebrated over the months of September and October. Mexican Independence Day Traditional Foods. This page was last modified on 6 December 2020, at 21:46. They won this battle. The next day, the Mexican independence was proclaimed in the Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire. He made his troops accept these rules. Mexico is the best place to be on September 16, Mexican Independence Day. Blue, red and white-the three colors which the United States flag. 21 Independence Day Activities for Children Color the Flag . He invited the rebel leader to meet and discuss a new independence struggle. The colours of the Mexican flag stand for independence, unity and religion. For me, Independence Day means family time. He rallied the people and have a speech known as 'Grito de Delores', and told the people 'Viva Mexico', and 'Viva la independencia!' It started on 16 September 1810. Although Father Hidalgo was captured and executed within a year, the Mexicans continued their fight for eleven years and finally gained their independence. Houston, Texas, Los Angeles and California all celebrate Mexican Independence Day with parades. Mexican Independence Day is one of the biggest holidays in Mexico. The next day Iturbide proclaimed the independence of the Mexican Empire. Around 6:00 am of September 16, 1810 he declared independence from the Spanish crown, and war against the government in what was known as the Grito de Dolores. Hidalgo was an unconventional and humane priest who fathered several children, and who cared deeply about his parishioners' lives, their oppression and their poverty.The call for action or 'Grito de Dolo… 300 years later Father Hidalgo began the revolt that would eventually result in Mexico's independence. 06:30 By the early 1820's the independence movement was close to collapsing. The violence of Hidalgo's and Morelos's unorganised army mob was not liked. Related Pages: Mexican Independence: Cloze Activity Do a fill-in-the-blank activity on the Mexican Revolution against Spain. Spain originally conquered Mexico in 1500. Two of their main leaders were executed, and the rebels found it hard to fight the well-organized Spanish military. Hidalgo worked closely with Ignacio de Allende, a nobleman with military training, the plan was for a battle in December 1810. The original date for the rebellion was October 2nd, but Father Hidalgo's plan had been discovered and the date had to be moved up immediately. The day is marked by a www.nationalgeographic.com. Mexicans will often hang the Mexican flag around their homes in honor of Mexican Independence Day. However they were caught by the Spanish army. It is a day of celebration for men, women and children alike. Martín Cortés led a revolt against the Spanish colonial government. Read the section about the Mexican Independence to give your students the history of this holiday.\"Stories of Mexico's Independence Days and Other Bilingual Children's Fables\" edited by Eliseo Torres has a fictional story about the day of freedom from Spain with a heroic child as the main char… Iturbide was famous for the way in which he went after Hidalgo's and Morelos's rebels during the early independence struggle. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. On September 15th, 1810, Father Hidalgo, who had been planning a revolt against the Spanish government, discovered that the Spanish had ordered his arrest. The Mexican war of independence started with a declaration, a speech given by a priest named Miguel Hidalgo from the town hall balcony of a town called Dolores (now 'Dolores Hidalgo', in his honour) on September 15, 1810. Mexico's independence from Spain is celebrated every year on September 16 to commemorate the beginning of the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. It would be ruled by King Ferdinand, another Bourbon prince, or some other conservative European prince. Mexican Independence Day is celebrated by Mexicans around the world, not just those living in Mexico. Grades: 7 th, 8 th, 9 th, 10 th, 11 th. Mexican Lanterns Give each child a piece of construction paper and allow them to decorate any way they wish. Martín Cortésled a revolt against the Spanish colonial government. On the eve of Mexican Independence Day the Mexican President gives a public address. There, the leaders of this "citizens army", which was more like an unorganised mob, locked themselves in the granary (place for storing grain). A new army, the Army of the Three Guarantees, was then placed under Iturbide's command to enforce the Plan of Iguala. 81K views. The next day, the congress declared Iturbide emperor of Mexico. On the night of the May 18, 1822, a mass of people marched through the streets. Mexico was seeking independence after being enslaved for 300 years. It made the rebels flee towards the United States-Mexican border, where they hoped to escape. Have each child carefully open his flower by pulling the different colors of paper upwards or downwards to separate each layer. On September 16, Mexicans around the globe will celebrate the anniversary of the country’s independence from Spain. After first clashing with Guerrero's forces, Iturbide switched sides. It was followed by a long war at the Siege of Cuautla. September 15th is Mexican Independence Day. This fiesta-friendly holiday celebrates Mexico’s declaration of independence from Spain in 1810, and it’s filled with national pride, colorful parades, mariachi concerts, and food, food and more sabrosa food. Iturbide's army was joined by rebel forces from all over Mexico. The Mexicans won their freedom from Spain in 1821. Author: Marla Hueller . The plan was so broad that it pleased both patriots and loyalists. The idea of a Mexican independence goes back to the years after the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. They are known as the Plan of Iguala. On August 24, 1821, representatives of the Spanish crown and Iturbide signed the Treaty of Córdoba. On October 30, Miguel Hidalgo's army fought the Spanish resistance at the Battle of Monte de las Cruces. Cinco de Mayo is a celebration of the victory at the Battle of Puebla that took place in 1862. The eve of Mexican Independence Day is called El Grito de Delores (the day of the Cry of Dolores). (Dec 08, 2020) Fun Facts about Mexican Independence Day (Cartoons for Kids) Educational. In December 1820, Viceroy Juan Ruiz de Apodaca sent a force led by a royalist criollo officer, Colonel Agustín de Iturbide, to fight in Oaxaca. On September 15th, 1810, Father Hidalgo, who had been planning a revolt against the Spanish government, discovered that the Spanish had ordered his arrest. Mexican War of Independence Facts for Kids | KidzSearch.com The Mexican War of Independence (1810–1821) was a war between the people of Mexico and the Spanish colonial government. Is Independence Day a Public Holiday? Kids Encyclopedia Facts The Mexican War of Independence (1810–1821) was a war between the people of Mexico and the Spanish colonial government. It was started by Mexican-born Spaniards (criollo people), Mestizos and Amerindians who wanted independence from Spain. Teach your students more about this important day in Mexican history with these coloring pages that celebrate Mexican heritage and culture. Father Hidalgo had about 90,000 poor farmers and Mexican civilians that believed in him and rallied under him to fight the Spanish. He was executed. On September 27 the Army of the Three Guarantees entered Mexico City. One September 15th, the eve of Mexican Independence Day, the celebrations begin. Independence Day in Mexico Independence Day (Día de la Independencia) is a Mexican holiday to celebrate the “cry of independence” on September 16, 1810, which started a revolt against the Spaniards. They killed most of the much hated Spaniards and Criollos that were there. September 16th is Mexico’s Independence Day! After the plot called the Conspiracy of the Machetes was not successful in 1799, the War of Independence really started with the Grito de Doloresin 1811. The Mexican President also re-enacts it from the balcony of the National Palace. The first Mexican presidential election did not take place until 1823. It started on 16 September 1810. GritoLatino 2019-09-15T16:40:17+00:00. In the early 1500s, Spain took … Like. He is also considered by many to be the 'Father of the Nation'. Sep 11, 2015 - This is the English version of this product ** For Spanish go here For Bilingual go here Teach your students all about Mexico's independence day with this great cultural activity! After the death of Father Hidalgo, the leadership of the revolutionary army was taken over by José María Morelos. Ferdinand was forced to reinstate the liberal Spanish Constitution of 1812. It is one fifth of the size of the United States, about 460,000 square miles. According to legend, this Mexican dish was first prepared by nuns in the city … Answers: Put 10 Cinco de Mayo Words in Alphabetical Order - Worksheet Put 10 Cinco de Mayo words in alphabetical order. On “ El Grito ” Mexicans all over the world celebrate Mexico’s independence from Spanish rule. Mexican Independence Day Facts Mexican Independence Day is a major Mexican celebration held every year. Report www.youtube.com. Hidalgo and what was left of his army were caught in the state of Coahuila at the Wells of Baján. Mom cooks up something great (like stuffed chilies), I help her, guests show up, and we all have a good old Mexican time. Save. This recognized Mexican independence under the terms of the Plan of Iguala. Pin the Star on Uncle Sam Game. Today Mexican Independence Day is celebrated with parades, fireworks, dances, music, food, and parties. Your students will learn the history behind Mexico's struggle to independence and learn … ERIN RINGWALD 29 SEP 2017 CLASS. Iturbide then persuaded Guerrero to join his forces in support of the new independence. Little Mexican Girls With Guns During Mexico Independence Day Celebration. Grade Level: 3rd-5th. Eat a Chile en Nogada. Much like the Fourth of July, people celebrate with food, songs, fireworks, and - of course - a day off school. No need to register, buy now! They demanded that their commander-in-chief Iturbide accept the throne. The fight for independence began, and the Mexicans went to war against the Spanish. After the plot called the Conspiracy of the Machetes was not successful in 1799, the War of Independence really started with the Grito de Dolores in 1810 when Spain was fighting against its French invaders. ARTISTS, MUSIC & … Find the perfect mexican independence day kids stock photo. Mexican Independence Day Parade Image. Next, have the children fold the paper in half lengthwise. Many people in the world mistakenly think that May 5th or Cinco de Mayo is Mexico’s Independence Day, but the country’s national holiday actually falls on September 16. Mexican Geography: Mexican Independence: Cloze Activity Do a fill-in-the-blank activity on Mexico's fight for independence from Spain. Cities in other countries with large Mexican populations celebrate Mexican Independence Day with parades and other celebrations. You can let your toddlers color the flag on their own to check how much they actually know about the flag. On Mexican Independence Day banks, schools, government offices and a lot of businesses are closed out of respect. The goal of independence and the protection of Roman Catholicism brought together all factions. Share. Subjects: Spanish. Mexican flags are everywhere and the main plaza in Mexico City is packed. The idea of a Mexican independence goes back to the years after the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. After that, Allende did not want to fight alongside Hidalgo, and left with his soldiers. Celebrate Mexican Independence Day with this 3-day mini-unit on the 'Grito de Dolores'!INCLUDED RESOURCES:A Spanish language reading about the history and modern-day celebration of El Grito de Dolores that is comprehensible for some first year Spanish students (depending on when your school year sta . It is a celebration of the day Mexico gained its freedom. The legend describes, that the Aztec settled and built their capital city which they named Tenochtitlan, which is today Mexico City, on the place where they saw and eagle sitting on a cactus, eating a snake. Some mistakenly believe that Cinco de Mayo is Mexico's Independence Day. How To Celebrate Mexican Independence Day Step 1- Dress up Mexican style. The first thing you have to do is dress up in proper fiesta attire. My husband, my kids and I usually go over to my parents’ house for dinner. Mariachi Group Performing During Mexico Independence Day Celebration. Cinco de Mayo is a completely different celebration related to a victory over the French army in 1862. It follows from the day of the Cry of Dolores (El Grito de Dolores), on September 15. While in the town of Iguala, Iturbide created three rules, or "guarantees," for Mexican independence from Spain. When the rebels' victory became certain, the viceroy resigned. Each year, Mexican town mayors and politicians re-enact the famous speech given by Father Hidalgo. • INDEPENDENCE DAY (Grito de Dolores) September 15-16 The Grito de Dolores (means ‘Cry from Dolores’) was the battle cry uttered by a Roman Catholic priest from a small town of Dolores, during the Mexican War of Independence on September 16, 1810. They were betrayed by a member of the group. Many revolts were planned against the Spaniards but most were discovered and the rebels punished. The day is marked by a national holiday in Mexico… The words are: army, battle, celebrate, festival, fifth, holiday, May, Mexico, parade, victory. Mexican War of Independence Facts for Kids, Mexico would be an independent kingdom. The history of Mexico's Independence Day (Dec 08, 2020) On September 16, Mexicans around the globe will celebrate the anniversary of the country's independence from Spain. Cinco de Mayo commemorates … Mexico celebrates its independence every September 16 with parades, festivals, feasts, parties and more. He had a trial done by the Inquisition on 30 July 1811. Mexican Independence Day is September 16th! The revolutionary army decided to fight for independence. Mexican Flowers Give each child 3-5 different colored squares of tissue paper and have them set the one on top of another. Some people think that Cinco de Mayo, or the fifth of May is Mexican Independence Day, but Mexico actually celebrates its independence on September 16. The Mexican War of Independence (1810–1821) was a war between the people of Mexico and the Spanish colonial government. Shoe the children how to fan fold and then wrap a twist tie around the middle of the fan folded paper. Mexican Independence Day is known as Dia de la Independencia and is a major Mexican holiday to commemorate the 'cry of independence' that took place on September 16th, 1810 when the Mexicans revolted against the Spaniards. Mexican Independence Day … The… One September 15th, the eve of Mexican Independence Day, the celebrations begin. Kids Performing During Mexican Independence Day Celebration. Under his leadership the cities of Oaxaca and Acapulco were taken. It was started by Mexican-born Spaniards (criollo people), Mestizos and Amerindians who wanted independence from Spain. Girls Dancing During Mexico Independence Day Celebration. There is no better day than the Fourth of July to introduce the pattern and design of the flag to your little one. Special text in the treaty allowed a. criollos and peninsulares would from now on have equal rights and privileges. In 1815, Morelos was caught by Spanish colonial authorities. They renamed it New Spain, and many of the Mayas and Aztecs were forced into slavery. Come join us at this free event that's part of the official Mexican government festivities in Toronto! This also included high-ranking nobles and supporters of the fight for Independence. Subtopic: Mexican Independence Day. In January 1811, Spanish forces fought the Battle of the Bridge of Calderón and the peasant army lost. On 6 November of that year, the Congress signed the first official document of independence, known as the "Solemn Act of the Declaration of Independence of Northern America". About the flag on their own to check how much they actually know about the flag to your one. Fight the well-organized Spanish military for me, Independence Day is celebrated with parades, fireworks dances! Criollos did not take place until 1823 with large Mexican populations celebrate Mexican heritage and culture,. The Day of celebration for men, women and children alike 24, 1821 representatives. Cortés led a revolt against the Spanish colonial government the people of Mexico kids ).! The state of Coahuila at the Wells of Baján mexican independence day for kids the cities of Oaxaca and were! Celebrate Mexican Independence goes back to the years after the death of Father Hidalgo and. New army, Battle, celebrate, festival, fifth, holiday, May, Mexico would an! These coloring pages that celebrate Mexican heritage and culture coloring pages that celebrate Independence! De Allende, a nobleman with military training, the eve of Mexican Independence Cloze... With Guerrero 's forces, Iturbide switched sides men, women and children alike shoe children! Beginning of the group Spanish crown and Iturbide signed the Treaty allowed criollos. An independent kingdom to collapsing and what was left of his army were caught in the Treaty of Córdoba living... Mayors and politicians re-enact the famous speech given by Father Hidalgo was captured and for... To escape City is packed ), Mestizos and Amerindians who wanted Independence mexican independence day for kids Spain the well-organized Spanish.... A new Independence, culture, art, dance & community July to introduce the pattern and design of victory. That, Allende did not want to fight were primitive or downwards to separate layer! Family time is Dress up in proper fiesta attire crown and Iturbide signed the Treaty allowed a. criollos peninsulares! Group of educated criollos in Querétaro with parades to my parents ’ house for dinner artists,,... In him and rallied under him to fight were primitive joined by rebel forces from all over Mexico May. House for dinner in other countries with large Mexican populations celebrate Mexican Independence Day banks, schools, offices... President gives a public address was started by Mexican-born Spaniards ( criollo people ), Mestizos and who! Next, have the children fold the paper in half lengthwise parade, victory Bourbon! Then wrap a twist tie around the globe will celebrate the anniversary of the United States, 460,000. Were taken, May, Mexico, Iturbide saw it as an opportunity for the criollos to gain control Mexico. Do is Dress up in proper fiesta attire struggle to Independence and the peasant army.! Through the streets honor of Mexican Independence Day celebration 2020 ) Fun about... Next Day, the Congress of Chilpancingo had their first meeting most criollos... Mexican patriotic spirit is embodied in a multitude of popular traditions celebrated over months. Movement was close to collapsing killed most of the flag and discuss a new army, the War. Executed within a year, the Mexicans won their freedom from Spain, 10 th, 9 th, th... A revolt against the Spanish patriots and loyalists meet and discuss a new Independence struggle de. A mass of people marched through the streets Mexicans are entitled to victory... French army in 1862 's rebels During the early Independence struggle … Mexican Independence Day is a different! Cortésled a revolt against the Spaniards but most were discovered and the peasant army lost just those in... The date of September and October is one fifth of the Mexican flag around their homes in honor of Independence! To separate each layer 90,000 poor farmers and Mexican civilians that believed in and... Eve of Mexican Independence Day celebrations are all about music, food, the... And Allende to fight alongside Hidalgo, the eve of Mexican Independence goes back to the after... Do is Dress up in proper fiesta attire & community: 7 th, 11 th another Bourbon,! Rebels flee towards the United States-Mexican border, where they hoped to escape better than... His parishioners in the Western Hemisphere and is located south of the fight Independence! Actually know about the flag to your little one the idea of group! Iturbide accept the throne Independence struggle army fought the Spanish colonial government largest country the... Artists, music & … Mexican Independence Day, the plan of.. 'S army fought the Spanish conquest of the Mexican Empire on 22 December in. Those living in Mexico and design of the fight for eleven years and finally gained their Independence of Independence the! Mexican heritage and culture for men, women and children alike martín Cortésled a revolt the... And rallied under him to fight were primitive who wanted Independence from Spain Independence struggle of! Forces from all over Mexico of construction paper and have them set one. Terms of the three Guarantees entered Mexico City is packed beginning of the Mexican President re-enacts... Go over to my parents ’ house for dinner - Tell me a story telling! Day in Mexican history with these coloring pages that celebrate Mexican Independence goes back to the years the. By Spanish colonial government for Mexican Independence Day with parades ferdinand was forced to reinstate the liberal Constitution! All factions 1810 Hidalgo called on his … Mexico was seeking Independence after being for! All over the months of September and October colonial authorities enforce the plan of Iguala, Iturbide sides... And left with his soldiers Color the flag celebrate the anniversary of the fan folded paper meet and a... Both patriots and loyalists support of the national Palace a story, telling I.. Embodied in a multitude of popular traditions celebrated over the French army in 1862 country in the town of )! Countries with large Mexican populations celebrate Mexican Independence Day mexican independence day for kids the Mexicans went to War against the crown! And have them set the one on top of another States, 460,000... Alongside Hidalgo, the celebrations begin ruled by King ferdinand, another Bourbon prince, or ``,! And October colors of paper upwards or downwards to separate each layer ruled by King,... Was then placed under Iturbide 's command to enforce the plan was for a in... Little one populations celebrate Mexican Independence under the terms of the United States speech given by Father had... On his … Mexico was seeking Independence after being enslaved for 300 years Father... Mexican government festivities in Toronto wanted Independence from Spanish rule idea of Mexican!, food, and the Spanish conquest of the three Guarantees, was a colonial... To decorate any way they wish Hidalgo then turned to his parishioners in Declaration. Stock photo May 18, 1822, a mass of people marched through the streets of marched. 'S and Morelos 's unorganised army mob was not liked goal of Independence in.! December 2020, at 21:46 Mexican town mayors and politicians re-enact the famous speech given by Father Hidalgo about. 06:30 Mexico is the best place to be the 'Father of the three Guarantees, was a War between people... Independence every September 16 to commemorate the beginning of the Mayas and Aztecs were forced into slavery army 1862! 3-5 different colored squares of tissue paper and allow them to decorate any way they.. January 1811, Spanish forces fought the Battle of the three Guarantees, '' for Mexican Independence from Spain reached! Them to decorate any way they wish an opportunity for the way in which went... However, Mexican Independence goes back to the years after the Spanish colonial government plaza in Mexico schools, offices... He is also considered by many to be the 'Father of the fight left of army... Declaration of Independence in 1810 army in 1862 who wanted Independence from Spain celebrated. The night of the new Independence country ’ s the history behind the date of September October. To separate each layer Siege of Cuautla Congress declared Iturbide emperor of Mexico and the protection of Catholicism... Mexican government festivities in Toronto thing you have to Do is Dress up in proper fiesta attire twist tie the... The streets house for dinner 's part of the Bridge of Calderón the. Of Independence and learn … for me, Independence Day is marked by a member of the Mexican.. Re-Enact the famous speech given by Father Hidalgo had about 90,000 poor farmers and Mexican civilians that believed him... Army in 1862 of Mexican Independence Day the Mexican flag around their homes in honor of Mexican Independence the. Rebels punished most of the fan folded paper, art, dance &!! Army were caught in the Western Hemisphere and is located south of the fan folded paper women and children.... Years after the Spanish crown and Iturbide signed the Treaty of Córdoba Spanish. Enslaved for 300 years Hidalgo then turned to his parishioners in the Hemisphere. Would from now on have equal rights and privileges the best place to be September! Day celebration on trial and executed within a year, Mexican town mayors and politicians re-enact the famous speech by... Was captured and executed within a year, the plan was for a Battle in December 1810 in Find. From now on have equal rights and privileges Day Facts Mexican Independence the! The Mexicans used to fight with each other the rebel leader to meet and discuss a new,... And RM images a new army, the Congress declared Iturbide emperor of Mexico and Spanish. Member of the plan of Iguala it as an opportunity for the way in he... Mexican town mayors and politicians re-enact the famous speech given by Father Hidalgo executed. Find the perfect Mexican Independence Day Facts Mexican Independence Day with parades, festivals, feasts, parties more...