When Nietzsche became so ill that he was no longer lucid, he ended up in the care of his sister, who took control of his intellectual property. The history of philosophy, theology, and psychology since the early 20th century is unintelligible without him. Nietzsche believed this could be problematic for mankind, as not all humans had the strength to guide themselves. Click through the following gallery to get the real story of this complicated man. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was a German philosopher, poet, composer, cultural critic, and classical philologist. Seit der Reformationim 16. However, a Nietzschean Übermensch would not have followed any such regime. Seriously ill, half-blind, in virtually unrelenting pain, he lived in boarding houses in Switzerland, the French Riviera, and Italy, with only limited human contact. Assessments of this nature are rather narrow and do During the years at Leipzig, Nietzsche discovered Arthur Schopenhauer’s philosophy, met the great operatic composer Richard Wagner, and began his lifelong friendship with fellow classicist Erwin Rohde. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). By 1877 he had to request sick leave from his position as a professor at the age of 33. When Friedrich Nietzsche died 120 years ago, he missed the chance to enjoy fame — and notoriety — that was just beginning to grow. In one of his texts he famously said "God is dead.". Nietzsche’s home was a stronghold of Lutheran piety. His paternal grandfather had published books defending Protestantism and had achieved the ecclesiastical position of superintendent; his maternal grandfather was a country parson; his father, Carl Ludwig Nietzsche, was appointed pastor at Röcken by order of King Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia, after whom Friedrich Nietzsche was named. Other works included Twilight of the Idols, The Antichrist, and Ecce Homo. He gave life to many contentious theories about the human race and the nature of our existence. While her husband was still alive, they went to Paraguay and tried to found an Aryan colony there. He wrote it in a mock gospel style and filled it with biblical references. Thus Spake Zarathustra (1883–85) was the first thorough statement of Friedrich Nietzsche’s mature philosophy and the masterpiece of his career. Friedrich spent most of his early life in a household consisting of five women: his mother, Franziska; his younger sister, Elisabeth; his maternal grandmother; and two aunts. The influential German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1990) had his views on religion and Christianity, and was arguably the most abrupt and abrasive atheistic thinkers of his time.In his book The Gay Science (1882), Nietzsche declared that “God is dead” which, essentially, was his way of saying that belief in the Christian conception of God had become unbelievable (1).In his work The … “I am a forest, and a night of dark trees: but he who is not afraid of my darkness, will find banks full … In 1865 he transferred to the University of Leipzig. Elisabeth later used her control of Nietzsche's work to further her standing with the Nazi party. He became the youngest ever to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Basel in 1869 at … Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher born in 1844 to a devout Lutheran family. Advertisement. Her funeral was attended by Hitler and many other Nazi dignitaries. It received little attention during his lifetime, but its influence since his death has been considerable in the arts as well as philosophy. Cornford wrote in 1912. Jahrhundert ist die Familie Nietzsche in Sachsen als evangelisch dokumentiert. Sadly, Nietzsche’s work received very little attention during his lifetime. Despite efforts to take part in the university’s social life, the two semesters at Bonn were a failure, owing chiefly to acrimonious quarrels between his two leading classics professors, Otto Jahn and Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl. Before turning to philosophy, he began his career as a classical philologist and worked at the Department of Classical Philology at the University of Basel, but he had to retire due to health … His health continued to deteriorate and he never returned to work. Nietzsche would later critique Wagner in his writings for his use of Christian motifs. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. During those early Basel years Nietzsche’s ambivalent friendship with Wagner ripened, and he seized every opportunity to visit Richard and his wife, Cosima. He left a great impression in the world, changing the fate of modern intellectual history. Like us on Facebook to see similar stories, Angry mob of TMC workers beat up up BSF jawan in West Bengal's Murshidabad. Friedrich Nietzsche. Nietzsche sought refuge in music, writing a number of compositions strongly influenced by Robert Schumann, the German Romantic composer. Microsoft may earn an Affiliate Commission if you purchase something through recommended links in this article. His theories about certain superior human beings contributed to his work being misunderstood during the rise of the Nazi regime. He thought through the consequences of the triumph of the Enlightenment’s secularism, expressed in his observation that “God is dead,” in a way that determined the agenda for many of Europe’s most-celebrated intellectuals after his death. German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche was born on October 15, 1844. To make that a little bit clearer for readers, the man who was reading the book said that Nietzsche didn't know what he was talking about. Much of his life was lived in pain and illness. Much of the work deals with ideas such as the "eternal recurrence of the same," the parable on the "death of God" … His body of work covered a wide variety of topics, including religion, history, arts, culture, science, and philology. Greeted by stony silence at first, it became the object of heated controversy on the part of those who mistook it for a conventional work of classical scholarship. The German philosophers Max Scheler, Karl Jaspers, and Martin Heidegger laboured in his debt, for example, as did the French … Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher who became one of the most influential of all modern thinkers. He was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, and philologist and being recognized as one of … Nietzsche’s acknowledged literary and … Author of. Biography. His father was a pastor, appointed to their village by the King of Prussia. Simply click the Run button at the bottom of your browser. Because his health deteriorated steadily, he resigned his professorial chair on June 14, 1879, and was granted a pension of 3,000 Swiss francs per year for six years. Oktober 1844 in Röcken, einem Dorf nahe Lützen im Kreis Merseburg in der preußischen Provinz Sachsen (heute Sachsen-Anhalt), geboren. His father died in 1849, before Nietzsche’s fifth birthday, and he spent most of his early life in a household consisting of five women: his mother, Franziska, his younger sister, Elisabeth, his maternal grandmother, and two aunts. His theories were a form of nihilism, supporting the idea that in life there are no rules, no certainty, and no absolute values. Rulers didn't need to be divinely ordained, but rather by consent of the people. Friedrich Nietzsche - Friedrich Nietzsche - Nietzsche’s influence: Nietzsche once wrote that some men are born posthumously, and that is certainly true in his case. In the end, Nietzsche became one of the most influential thinkers and cultural critics in history. Their project failed and her husband committed suicide afterwards. Deutsches Hörbuch / Audiobook: Antichrist, Quelle: LibriVox, https://librivox.org/der-antichrist-by-friedrich-nietzsche/. He is considered an important forerunner of Existentialism movement (although he does not fall neatly into any particular school), and his work has generated an extensive secondary literature within both the Continental Philosophy and Analytic Philosophy traditions of the 20th Century. While there have been several philosophers in the world, there have only been a few like Nietzsche, being an expert at their work. Home; ... the abyss also gazes into you“. His work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history. Elisabeth and her husband, Bernhard Förster, were active anti-Semites. He returned to Basel in October to resume a heavy teaching load, but as early as 1871 ill health prompted him to seek relief from the stultifying chores of a professor of classical philology; he applied for the vacant chair of philosophy and proposed Rohde as his successor, all to no avail. Friedrich Nietzsche, Digitale Kritische Gesamtausgabe Werke und Briefe auf der Grundlage der Kritischen Gesamtausgabe Werke, herausgegeben von Giorgio Colli und Mazzino Montinari, Berlin/New York, Walter de Gruyter, 1967ff. She even went so far as to commit some petty forgeries. The superior members of the human race, the ‘Übermensch,’ were those who truly commanded themselves. Nietzsche's thocht enjoyed renewed popularity in the 1960s an his ideas hae syne haed a profoond impact on 20t an early-21st century thinkers athort filosofie—especially in schuils o continental philosophy ic as existentialism, postmodrenism an post-structuralism—as weel as airt, leeteratur, psychology, politics an popular cultur. He had completed neither his doctoral thesis nor the additional dissertation required for a German degree; yet Ritschl assured the University of Basel that he had never seen anyone like Nietzsche in 40 years of teaching and that his talents were limitless. In 1865 he transferred to the University of Leipzig, joining Ritschl, who had accepted an appointment there. Having graduated in 1864, he went to the University of Bonn to study theology and classical philology. However, it harshly condemns Christian ideologies and morality, and the idea of a holy person. German: Achievement: Youngest ever to hold the Chair of Classical Philology at the University of Basel in 1869, at the age 24. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Search. Within a month, while accompanying a transport of wounded, he contracted dysentery and diphtheria, which ruined his health permanently. He became a professor of philology in Switzerland where he became close friends with composer Richard Wagner. The Dhanush starrer soon recommended Nietzsche with unparalleled praise to start shooting of the most of... 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