While there are locations that fit into all three of the Köppen tropical types of climate, Af, Am, and Aw, the differences among the three climates in Peru are small. [25], The Amazon rainforest region comprises about 56 percent of the total area of Peru and is characterized, as is the coast, by its climatic uniformity: hot average temperatures with little variation among the seasons and abundant precipitation. The indigenous people of Peru have been farming in the Andes for thousands of years despite the severe climatic limitations. [1], The following table summarizes climatic statistics for cities in the north, central, and southern parts of the coastal desert, A characteristic of the Peruvian coastal desert is low average temperatures despite its tropical latitudes. The city of Puno at that elevation has snow 14 days per year on average and it has snowed in every month of the year except November. In january the weather in Peru is perfect. The average temperature in Peru in March takes the value 26 °C (79 °F) in April is 26 °C (75 °F), in May 22-23 °C (72-73 °F). With a packed calendar of events and attractions, whatever the weather, Perth is a great destination all year round. Average monthly temperatures in Machu Picchu (degrees centigrade and fahrenheit) Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec °C: 24.1: 24.3: 24.6: 25: 24.6: 24.3 At this time, in mountain areas and tropical forests of the country continues the rainy season. [21] Puno experiences freezing temperatures an average of 226 days annually with freezes occurring in every month. Travel tip: … Peru is home to 71 percent of the world's tropical glaciers and since 1970 glacial volume has decreased by 40 percent. Sometimes it is only small drizzle (Garoua), which is unlikely to affect your plans. Three names are sometimes applied to the desert in different parts of the coastline. Mean Temp: 68 °F. Dry season in Andean highlands and eastern rainforest. Peru sunrise & sunset times for December 2020 The Sechura desert in the north is warmer and less impacted by the cloud cover tha… [27], El Niño (the "boy child") and La Niña (the "girl child") are the manifestations of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation which influences weather around the world, but especially near the coasts of northern Peru and southern Ecuador. By contrast most of the Peruvian coastal desert has average annual temperatures of less than 20 °C (68 °F) and with temperatures falling to or near 10 °C (50 °F) during the Austral winter. It concerns the city of Lima only. Meanwhile, on the central and south coasts, travelers can expect overcast skies. If you are going to travel to Peru in the spring months, we advise you to plan a trip for September or October. Many areas of Peru depend upon glacial melt for water for consumption, irrigation, and industry. Elevations above sea level in the country range from −37 metres (−121 ft) to 6,788 metres (22,270 ft) and precipitation ranges from less than 20 millimetres (0.79 in) annually to more than 8,000 millimetres (310 in). Holiday in Peru in November without rain possible at the coast. During winter, from June to September, the sky is almost always overcast, and even if it doesn't rain there is a mist, the Garúa, which can deposit moisture on the ground. [8] As a result of the fog, Lima gets only 1230 hours of sunshine annually, and less that 50 hours each in the months of July, Aug, and Sept.[9] (By contrast, Seattle, Washington, not noted for its sunny weather, gets 2,170 hours of sunshine annually[10] and "foggy London town" gets 1,618 hours of sunshine annually. )[11], As elevation increases moving inland from Lima and other coastal locations, so also does precipitation. [24] The Sechura Desert is in northern Peru. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. On the coast of Peru in June-August is pretty cool, there is no pronounced temperature fluctuations. The cold water, especially in the Austral winter from May to November, cause an inversion, the air near the ocean surface being cooler than the air above, contrary to most climatic situations. Thirty-seven mountain peaks in Peru rise to more than 6,000 metres (20,000 ft) in elevation. In general the western slopes of the Andres, facing the Pacific Ocean, are drier than the eastern slopes. During the dry season temperatures can soar to 32C or higher. In the capital, the absence of rain plays in favor of the … [17][18], A general rule for mountainous areas is that temperature decreases by about 6.5 °C (11.7 °F) for each 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) increase in elevation provided that the change in altitude takes place at the same latitude and other factors such as precipitation and cloud cover are similar. While Quincemil has the highest precipitation of places in Peru with a weather station, climatologists say that the slopes of low mountains northwest of Quincemil in Manu National Park may receive more than 8,000 millimetres (310 in) of rain annually. [5][6], The cold waters of the Humboldt Current also create a moist fog called garúa in Peru. [16] The mountain climates are cool, often cold, with varied precipitation depending upon exposure. Peru, IN Weather Peru, IN climate is warm during summer when temperatures tend to be in the 70's and very cold during winter when temperatures tend to be in the 20's. Lima receives almost no rain at all during the whole year. In the mountainous regions and rainforests of Peru in the midst of the rainy season: the weather is very hot, wet, and rain can start at any time, but are rarely delayed more than 2-3 hours. You will need very lightweight clothes for summer on the coast, and thermals, hats, gloves and ski jackets for winter up in the mountains. The average temperature is 20, 19 and 18 °C (68-64 °F) in June, July and September respectively. Showing: All Year January February March April May June July August September October November December. The warm phase, El Niño, occurs every two to seven years. In these months in Peru comes winter, rainfall is the minimum amount. Temperature highs can reach 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 Deg. Project Seasons of the Year on YouTube channel. Coastal districts are characterized by warm dry weather and in the mountains are much cooler and rainy. The desert coast of Peru has 52 percent of Peru's population on 12 percent of its land area[32] and is especially vulnerable to fluctuations in its water supply, nearly all of which comes from rivers originating in the Andes. August is the coldest month, with an average high-temperature of 18.4°C (65.1°F) and an average low-temperature of 14.6°C (58.3°F). The rainforest of Peru has a sub-tropical climate and from October to April it rains a lot of the time. In Trujillo, the summers are short, warm, muggy, and overcast; the winters are long, comfortable, and partly cloudy; and it is dry year round. Southward is the Peruvian coastal desert which becomes at an indefinite location the Atacama Desert which continues into Chile. Here are … In the Cordillera Blanca, for example, glacial melt provides 80 percent of water in the rivers during the dry season and 4-8 percent during the rainy season. Temperatures become cooler with elevation and around 1,550 metres (5,090 ft) elevation the climate becomes sub-tropical rather than tropical, a climate often characterized as "eternal spring." During the Austral winter, the trade winds blow thick stratus clouds inland over coastal areas up to an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and the dense fog coalesces into drizzle and mist. Lomas range in size from very small to more than 40,000 hectares (99,000 acres) and their flora includes many endemic species.Scholars have described individual lomas as "an island of vegetation in a virtual ocean of desert. The steep slopes and the sharp changes in elevation result in a large number of microclimates in which a change of location of a few kilometres can result in major climatic changes. The peak season for travel in Peru is between April and October. [29], Climatic statistics cited in this article are for the period 1982-2012 and may become inaccurate in the future because of climate change and global warming. Located in the Andes on the West coast of South America the country is bordered in the Northwest by Ecuador, on the North by Colombia, on the East by Brazil, Southeast with Bolivia and Chile. The following table summarizes climatic statistics for cities in the Andes mountain region. In Oxapampa, Cfb under the Köppen classication, temperatures rarely fall below 11 °C (52 °F) or rise above 26 °C (79 °F) and precipitation is abundant year-round. Ocean temperatures on the coast of Peru increase by as much as 3 °C (5 °F) during the Austral summer, beginning about Christmas, the name El Niño referring to the birth of Jesus. In winter, there is much less rainfall than in summer. Peru Seasons & Climate. Llamas and alpacas are grazed on the sparse vegetation of the Puna zone up to elevations of 4,770 metres (15,650 ft). It can become freezing at night at altitude and remain hot and sticky through the nights in the jungle. In these months the average daily temperature is around 20-22 °C (68-72 °F), rains often. In the winter month of June, July, and August, visitors can expect clouds, cool temperatures, and some humidity. On the desert coast, summer (Dec-Apr) is hot and dry, with temperatures reaching 77°F to 95°F (25°C-35°C) or more along the north coast. [30] Average annual temperatures rose by 1 °C (1.8 °F) from 1960 until 2016 and are predicted to increase by an additional 2 °C (3.6 °F) to 3 °C (5.4 °F) by 2065. Beginning at latitude 8.64° S and continuing southward are many snow-capped and glaciated peaks more that 5,000 metres (16,000 ft) in elevation. In the tropics the average annual temperature is usually at least 25 °C (77 °F) with little temperature variation among months. Then, drizzles during the night and early morning occur. In Peru are quite noticeable differences between day and night temperatures, therefore, at any time of the year we recommend to bring warm clothes. In winter (May-Oct), temperatures are much milder, though with high humidity. These two parks are located in the south of Peru, and follow a slightly different climate to Peru’s northern Amazon Jungle.In this region there are two seasons; the dry season during the months of May – September, and the wet season October – April. Select from the other forecast maps (on the right) to view the temperature, cloud cover, wind and precipitation for this country on a large scale with animation. [12], Apart from the irrigated agriculture in 57 river valleys coming down from the Andes and passing through the desert en route to the ocean,[13] the coastal desert is almost without vegetation. Weather in Peru varies from region to region. Matucana, 80 km (50 mi) inland at an elevation of 2,464 m (8,084 ft) gets 479 mm (18.9 in) of precipitation. The likelihood of rain increases from 15% to 45% this month. In a few favored locations, where mountains come close to the sea and the fog condenses on the mountain slopes, the garúa permits vegetation to thrive in "fog oases," called lomas in Peru. The desert strip along the Pacific is narrow, at its widest about 120 km (75 mi) before the land climbs into the Andes and precipitation increases with elevation. Control the animation using the slide bar found beneath the weather map. In the Western part is dominated by the predominantly tropical desert type of climate, in the Eastern regions is sub — Equatorial, while in the mountains the climate depends on the height of the terrain and very changeable (at altitudes greater than 4 km, which even in summer can be frozen). There are occasional showers, though. Cool damp weather with higher humidity levels usually occurs in winter. Visiting the Peruvian Amazon in the Winter (The Dry Season) Coastal sea temperatures around Peru Ocean temperature and marine climate data is provided daily by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Chosica, 50 kilometres (31 mi) inland from the Pacific at an elevation of 835 metres (2,740 ft) gets 109 millimetres (4.3 in) annually of precipitation compared to Lima's precipitation of 16 millimetres (0.63 in). The Peru Weather Map below shows the weather forecast for the next 10 days. The Sechura desert in the north is warmer and less impacted by the cloud cover that characterizes the more southern parts of the coastal desert, but there is a uniformity in precipitation along the 1,000 mile coastline with less than 30 millimetres (1.2 in) annually. The coastal desert of Peru extends unbroken from near the northern border with Ecuador to the southern border with Chile, a north to south distance of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi). Usually the weather in Peru in the winter quite comfortable. Best time for festivals and highland sports, including treks. Remember: The climate in Peru in january ranges from perfect to tolerable depending on the region and city. The highest average temperatures range from 15˚C (59˚F) and 21 °C (69.8 °F), and lowest between 8˚C (46.4˚F) and 15 °C (59°F). Shoulder (Sep–Nov & Mar–May) Spring and fall weather in the highlands. The Sechura Desert is in northern Peru. Low Temp: 59 °F. [7], The moisturizing impact of the fog is increased by the high average humidity of the coastal deserts. The following table summarizes climatic statistics for cities and towns in the Amazon rainforest region. The average annual temperature is 14.5 °C | 58.0 °F in Mollepata. Pucallpa (Am) has only one month that falls below that threshold; Puerto Esperanza (Aw) has three months below the Af threshold. Precipitation here is about 1005 mm | 39.6 inch per year. Busiest time due to North American and European holidays. Precipitation: 0.00". [31], The most immediately visible problem of climatic change in Peru is the melting of glaciers in the Andes. The last month of the winter, August, is another comfortable month in Lima, Peru, with average temperature varying between 14.6°C (58.3°F) and 18.4°C (65.1°F). In autumn, favorable weather in Peru for a trip to the coast. The coastal desert of Peru extends unbroken from near the northern border with Ecuador to the southern border with Chile, a north to south distance of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi). Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 62°F to 78°F and is rarely below 60°F or above 83°F. The hottest weather in Peru in summer in February. Sea level is projected to rise by 50 centimetres (20 in) by 2100. In this country you can get into the Amazon jungle, Andes mountains, to the mountain lake Titicaca. The true tropical rainforest (Af) climate requires at least 60 millimetres (2.4 in) precipitation in all months of the year. In particular this applies to March and April; by may on the coast usually start to hang dense fogs, and suitable for recreation are beaches near Tumbes — city in North-Western Peru. The best period to visit is June-August. Much of the coast, including Lima, is shrouded in a gray mist called garúa. The weather in Cusco Peru and Machu Picchu in November sees an increased chance of rain and mid-November sees the start of the wet season. Compensating for the lack of a freeze-free growing season at elevations above 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), indigenous farmers up until the 21st century have sought out micro-climates and used techniques such as Andenes (terraces) and Waru Waru (raised beds) to capture and store heat and permit hardy crops such as potatoes to grow up to 4,050 metres (13,290 ft) in elevation. On the coast of Peru in June-August is pretty cool, there is no pronounced temperature fluctuations. The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. In the summer the sun shines often and there is almost no rainfall at all. Ocean water temperatures in Lima in September, the coldest month, are as low as 14.4 °C (57.9 °F) similar to water temperatures near Los Angeles during its winter months. El Niño brings warmer and sunnier weather to the coasts of Peru than normal. Nights can get cool. The climate here is classified as Cwb by the Köppen-Geiger system. Ideal for less-crowded visits. However, the drop in temperature in these regions is huge year round as it is so arid. Floods and landslides (huaycos) are the consequence; the warm water negatively impacts fishing; and the southern Andes of Peru suffer reduced precipitation. The best month to swim in the sea is in February when the average sea temperature is 23°C (73°F). As many as 50,000 alpacas raised by indigenous farmers in Puno, the southern part of the Andes, have died from the bitter cold winter where temperatures have plunged as low as … Average Weather in Trujillo Peru. Climate of Peru describes the diverse climates of this large South American country with an area of 1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi). In Cusco, the wet season is overcast, the dry season is partly cloudy, and it is cool year round. Temperatures in winter reach around 17°C/62°F by day and 11°C/52°F by night. Average Weather in Cusco Peru. Peru is considered one of the largest countries in South America, it ranks third after Brazil and Argentina. During the winter, temperatures can fall slightly. Extreme weather events, including drought and flood, are anticipated to become more frequent. Especially high humidity in the Rainforest. Usually the weather in Peru in the winter quite comfortable. 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