Similar to modern-day pathologist/coroners, their duties included examining the dead, performing autopsies when required, the issuance of burial licenses and ascertaining the cause of death with an eye toward finding cures for future cases. 165 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<5FECC63BD3C9944F83194D7D33BCF1CE>]/Index[101 85]/Info 100 0 R/Length 246/Prev 563872/Root 102 0 R/Size 186/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream h�bbd```b``��Q`v�dK��� �)D�ƁHF?�x#X|X���0&;A��+�dl����H>N��"���H�] ��>�]1��Azy6���`��t ����j��A�x��`�X �Fn�i�`�H}�rN`�b����Al�� Rd�U���Y &�����l�-�;���Zf��I��x�!ƻL��̗��9��M6���6�H�� F`,|�?#���L�� d�)= Razi, known in the West as Razes (865-925 AD), considered the father of pediatrics and a pioneer of neurosurgery and ophthalmology, discovered and refined the use of ethanol in medicine. Credit for the establishment of hospital and training system must be given to the ancient Persians, as they founded the first teaching hospital in Gundishapur where medical students practiced on patients under the supervision of physicians. Persians made important contributions to algebra and chemistry, invented the wind-power machine, and … Avestan scriptures did not restrict giving treatment to Mazdeans alone. In the early Islamic era (9 - 12 th century AD), Persian medicine flourished and became the main paradigm of medicine in the east and west . Wild rue and frankincense were always burned inside houses to kill insects and bacteria, a custom which continues to this today. These forces of good stood in opposition to the evil spirit of chaos. Bangha, extracted from Cannabis Indica seeds, has hallucinatory effects and was used as an anesthetic. k�tKb��q��x_��'���ŧZ��7����k�}�J��9�l�L�ᨼ���翨�S�5�,��ʘ" ���8h]T�O�1�Z�)Kεk�?����@2Y)�������l����3��{|%�(����=0�db�C@E���F ��u������7R� ׆�vny�����W��D��@��N c��ܨN�n��� U�����9��st�ks@���^�3�hx���|ǡ�Y�$z���$F��� �d��. The scientific method had not yet been created, so any correlation of the prescriptions in these books with modern science was more or less a coincidence. That’s what can happen when people play with fire. Avicenna’s Canon brilliantly synthesises Islamic medicine with that of Hippocrates (460 – 370 BC) and Galen (129 – 200 AD). Situated at the crossroads of the East and West, Persia was often involved in developments in ancient Greek and Indian medicine; pre- and post-Islamic Iran have been involved in medicine as well. Posted on 01/29/2008 1:14:16 PM PST by blam, The History of medicine in ancient Persia, Mon, 28 Jan 2008 15:18:00 By Hedieh Ghavidel, Press TV, Tehran. Abstract . In 550 AD, the world's first medical conference was held on Anushiravan's order in Ctesiphon. The Persians, who lived in an empire stretching from the Indus valley in the east to the Aegean Sea in the west with considerable variation in climate and vegetation, became familiar with a vast range of medicinal plants. A Mazdean physician-in-training was required to treat and cure three non-Mazdean patients before receiving permission to treat Mazdeans. Your problem's nothing a little "Nedicine" won't fix... FreeRepublic.com is powered by software copyright 2000-2008 John Robinson. These outstanding scholars are among the many whose names will forever shine in the history of medicine and science and will always be revered by the Iranian people. During this period, Persian medicine was undoubtedly in contact with Greek medicine. Scientific assessment of these historical documents could be valuable for finding new potential usage in the current medicine. The library of the university known as the 'city of Hippocrates' consisted of eight floors and 259 halls containing an estimated 400,000 books. Ancient Persia These peoples belonged to the linguistic family of the Indoeuropeans or Aryans also integrated by the Hittites, the Mitanni, the Kassites, the Ionians, the Eolians and the Achaeans among others. Moreover, we investigated the efficacy of medicinal Ancient Persians enjoyed a time of rich cultures and lifestyles, exciting firsts, and advancements of the day. Results: In Iran, the application of medicinal oils date back to ancient times. 0 In ancient times, it was the site chosen by two peoples to settle and develop their civilization: the Medes and the Persians. Some of the earliest practices of ancient Iranian medicine have been documented in the Avesta and other Zoroastrian religious texts. %%EOF Persian scientists contributed to the current understanding of nature, medicine, mathematics, and philosophy. management. The university was a gathering place for great scientists and physicians from all civilizations of the ancient world, a breeding ground for ideas and innovations. ����G��"���,E�� producers (Exirwas known as an ancient immortal medicine).29Bal’ami, the famous historian and the prime minister of Samanid dynasty (10th century AD), called him Jamasp al hakim(Jamasp, the great scientist) and considered him an expert in medicine, geometry and philosophy.30 Odorous materials were never thrown into the fire. The yakhchal is an ancient evaporation cooler which has a two-fold meaning: yakh means “ice” and chal means “pit.” These ancient refrigerators were mainly built and used in Persia. But far fewer know of Shennong, Avicenna, and Andreas Vesalius – some of the lesser-known figures to have transformed the face of ancient medicine. Ties into the early period of the Indian (red dot, not feather) cultures. The English word "magic" is derived from the Magi, the Persian priest magicians. Fascinating stuff Blam. Therefore, the medicine of the body consists of keeping the body in good health and re-establishing balance and the medicine of the soul involves curing the body and preserving it from sin. Image Credit: eartharchitecture While you cannot exactly compare the Yakhchal with modern generation refrigerator, this ancient evaporation cooler was one of the many marvelous Persian inventions man has ever seen. Let's learn more about the daily life of the ancient Persians. This period and its peoples is vastly overlooked in the Western world. 101 0 obj <> endobj The history of medicine in Iran is as old and as rich as its civilization. The age-old school is still a center of knowledge in Khuzestan Province in southwestern Iran. All materials posted herein are protected by copyright law and the endstream endobj startxref The history of medicine in Iran goes back to the existence of a human in this country, divided into three periods: pre-Islamic, medieval, and modern period. Ancient Persia. h��WMo7�+{l����%�@��ԍQ'(��=>��F^ԒIA����7�\�d9��K9���Ù����P�Ua*�X� � The practice and study of medicine in Iran has a long and prolific history. exemption for fair use of copyrighted works. Iranian traditional medicineis based on the concept of four humours (Khelt), four elements (Onsor), four temperaments (Mizaj) and four “natures” or “qualities” (Tab’)as a healing method. Mercury is notorious for its toxic properties, but it was once used as a common elixir and … Khayyam (1048-1131 AD) was a renowned astronomer who contributed to mathematics and calendar reform. 185 0 obj <>stream Archeological excavations in the Burnt City in Sistan have yielded skulls that show signs of surgery. 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