This professional boxer was a three-weight world champion in the 1970s-80s, and … He would do it with that biting sense of humor that so few artists are able to master. He was the son of Salvador Chamorro Oreamuno and wife Gregoria Vargas Báez, paternal grandson of Dionisio Chamorro Alfaro and wife Mercedes Oreamuno ..., grand-nephew of Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Alfaro, 39th President of Nicaragua, and Fernando Chamorro Alfaro and half-grand-nephew of Fruto Chamorro Pérez, 30th and 31st President of Nicaragua. An estimated 10% (400,000 - 600,000) of the Costa Rican population is made up of Nicaraguans;[7] some of them migrate for seasonal work opportunities and then return to their country. Frixione was crowned Miss Nicaragua 2006, which was held in the Rubén Darío National Theater in Managua. He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI. Following an uprising by Liberal soldiers in Puerto Cabezas, on the Caribbean coast, Sacasa returned to Nicaragua in 1926. Julio Valle Castillo, was born in Masaya, Nicaragua. Carlos Mejía Godoy is a Nicaraguan musician, composer and singer. This personal testimony can be read as a bildungsroman, or novela de formación in Spanish. Many of his songs during the late 1970s gave instructions on how to use, assemble, and disassemble the rifles people were capturing from dictator Somoza's National Guard during street battles. José Coronel Urtecho was a Nicaraguan poet, translator, essayist, critic, narrator, playwright, diplomat and historian. Spanish has many different dialects spoken throughout Latin America, Central American Spanish is the dialect spoken in Nicaragua. For a specific analysis of the population of Nicaragua, see, US Census Bureau 2012 American Community Survey B03001 1-Year Estimates HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY SPECIFIC ORIGIN, The Latin American Socio-Religious Studies Program / Programa Latinoamericano de Estudios Sociorreligiosos (PROLADES), "VIII Censo de Poblacion y IV de Vivienda", "Nicaraguans in Costa Rica and the United States: Data from Ethnic Surveys", "Best Practices Concerning Migrant Workers and their Families", "Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights: Nicaraguans", "Showcasing Nicaragua's Folkloric Masterpiece - El Gueguense - and Other Performing and Visual Arts", Federal Republic of Central America (1823–1838), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nicaraguans&oldid=991612527, Articles with dead external links from March 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 23:36. His role in a boundary dispute with Costa Rica and allegations of environmental damage to territory claimed by that country has led to legal indictment by the government of Costa Rica. John Julian was the first recorded black pirate to operate in the New World, as the pilot of the ship Whydah. He died in Managua on August 12, 1869. A Marxist-Leninist, his first period in office was characterized by a controversial program of nationalization, land reform, wealth redistribution and literacy programs. He graduated from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua of León in 1964, where he obtained the Gold Medal for being the best student. Musical instruments include the marimba and others common across Central America. President Bolaños is of Spanish and German heritage and was born in Masaya. Subsequently, he served as minister to the presidency of Enrique Bolaños. The fun in these games is in trying to understand what Ozzie is saying through his thick accent. He was brought to testify at U.S. Congressional hearings in May 1987. Though the FSLN lost power to the UNO coalition headed by Violeta Barrios de Chamorro in 1990, Ramírez continued to serve as the leader of the Sandinista block in the National Assembly until 1995, when he founded the Movimiento de Renovación Sandinista because of his differences with other leaders of the FSLN, such as former president Daniel Ortega, on issues of democratic reform. Later groups such as Dead Prez have used his message in song. However, in Nicaragua (and Panama) baseball is the most popular sport. However, according to the U.S. Census Bureau some 7,500 Nicaraguans legally immigrated from 1967 to 1976. In 2010, he was nominated to run as a candidate for President of Nicaragua in the November 2011 general election. Born poor, raised by his grandfather, knowing his father as an uncle and only visiting with his mother twice, published at the age of twelve, at fifteen read his own poetry before the president of his country, published his first book of poems (Azul) at twenty-one, credited with starting the modernism movement, beloved by the Spanish speaking world and barely known to anyone else, this was the life of … Anastasio Somoza started a dynasty that maintained absolute control over Nicaragua for 44 years. At the beginning of his term he led an anti-Corruption campaign against his predecessor and the head of the PLC Arnoldo Alemán politically isolating himself from the influential Liberal Party. Pablo Antonio Cuadra (November 4, 1912 – January 2, 2002) was a Nicaraguan essayist, art and literary critic, playwright, graphic artist and one of the most famous poets of Nicaragua. [11] However, nearly all of the estimated 200,000 Nicaraguans who fled to the U.S. (and other nearby Central American countries) between 1978 and 1979 returned after the victory of the Sandinistas in 1979.[18]. The black population is mostly of West Indian (Antillean) origin, the descendants of indentured laborers brought mostly from Jamaica when the region was a British protectorate. The flag of Nicaragua was adopted on August 27, 1971. He was imprisoned from 1956–1959 for knowledge of the plot by Rigoberto López to assassinate dictator Anastasio Somoza García. Juan Carlos "J. C." Ramírez is a professional baseball pitcher in the Cleveland Indians organization.. Juan Bautista Sacasa Sacasa was the President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1933 to 9 June 1936. She is also the wife of current President Daniel Ortega and is the First Lady of Nicaragua, a title she also held in 1985 when her husband became President 6 years after the Sandinista National Liberation Front overthrew the Somoza dynasty. Non-genetic phenotype data from the CIA World Factbook establish that Nicaragua's population self-reports as 69% Mestizos José Daniel Ortega Saavedra is a Nicaraguan politician who has been President of Nicaragua since January 2007; previously he was leader of Nicaragua as first Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction and then President from 1979 to 1990. He started his career in the late 1980s and achieved success in the 1990s earning the title "El Principe de la Salsa. Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes was the President of Nicaragua from 15 August 1947 to his death on 6 May 1950. By the early 1960s even the isolated Miskito Indians were playing regularly. Prado repudiated the revolution of 1811. Born in Nicaragua to José de la Trinidad Prado and Clara Baca, Prado moved with his family at a young age to San Vicente, El Salvador. He publicly opposed the Sandinista controlled government of the 1980s, resulting in brief imprisonment. Fernando Bernabé Agüero Rocha was a Nicaraguan politician and the founder and leader of the Social Conservative Party. Reverend Father Ernesto Cardenal Martínez is a Nicaraguan Catholic priest, poet and politician. President Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes died in Philadelphia. He was executed on March 26, 1733. countrylicious.com - nonprofit educational website. His next match was against Mexican legend Erik Morales on March 27, 2010 for the vacant WBC International Welterweight. Claudia Maria Poll Ahrens Costa Rican swimmer who competes in the 200 m to 800 m freestyle events. Nicaragua, as well as other Latin American countries, have a long history of migration to the United States. Literature of Nicaragua can be traced to pre-Columbian times with the myths and oral literature that formed the cosmogonic view of the world that indigenous people had. After a stellar prep career at Bell High School, he went to L.A. Harbor Junior College in Wilmington, Calif., then Lewis-Clark State College in Lewiston, Idaho. Central America and the Caribbean Sergio Ramírez Mercado is a Nicaraguan writer and intellectual who served in the leftist Government Junta of National Reconstruction and as Vice President of the country 1985-1990 under the presidency of Daniel Ortega. The largest concentration of Nicaraguan Americans in the U.S., about 79,559, is in Miami, Florida, most notably around the areas of Sweetwater and "Little Managua". 1963), religious leader of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints There are also people living in Nicaragua who are not Nicaraguans because they were not born or raised in Nicaragua nor have they gained citizenship. He was one of the original exponents of Nicaraguan Latin Rock. Benard is a career .271 hitter with 54 home runs, 260 RBI, 441 runs, 138 doubles, 21 triples, and 105 stolen bases in 891 games. Omar Cabezas Lacayo is a Nicaraguan author, revolutionary and politician. It is based on the flag of the United States of Central America. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nicaragua People 2020 information contained here. Samuel Israel Wilson is a Nicaraguan footballer who plays for Real Estelí in the Primera División de Nicaragua. In 2009, with the Venezuelan Summer League Mariners, he was selected as the Seattle's minor league pitcher of the year. [10] In 1998 more than two million Nicaraguans were left homeless due to hurricane Mitch, as a result many Nicaraguans received permanent residence or temporary protected status (TPS) in the late 1990s. Oswaldo Castillo is a Nicaraguan American gardener/construction worker-turned-actor. 130,370 sq km The poem Pasos is best known for was his Canto de guerra de las cosas poem. They received free land, monetary incentives, and other perks in exchange for populating unsettled territories and working in the new growing coffee industry. José María Moncada Tapia was the President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1929 to 1 January 1933. $18.95. [14], It is known that Nicaragua was inhabited by Paleo-Indians as far back as 6000 years. Xiomara Blandino is a Nicaraguan architecture student who held the title of Miss Nicaragua 2007.She participated in the Miss Universe 2007 contest representing Nicaragua and made it to the semifinals. Carlos Buitrago in Managua, Nicaragua is a Nicaraguan professional boxer in the Minimumweight division. Although Luis declined to run for reelection in 1963, he and Anastasio saw to it that the presidency was held from 1963 onward by politicians loyal to the Somozas. Nicaraguan culture has strong folklore, music and religious traditions, deeply influenced by European culture but enriched with Native American sounds and flavors. [8], Abroad, the United States is home to the second largest number of Nicaraguans outside Nicaragua, particularly in the Miami area. During the Bay of Pigs Invasion, he allowed the CIA-trained Cuban rebels to embark from Puerto Cabezas, on Nicaragua's Caribbean coast. She had to put her studies on a hiatus to fulfill her duties as Miss Nicaragua 2009. San Fernando petroglyphs – Río San Juan, one of Solentiname Islands in Lake Nicaragua. Guerrero served as one of the Vice Presidents in the administration of René Schick from May 1963 to August 1966 and became President of Nicaragua on 4 August 1966 following the death of Schick. At the age of 14 he and his younger brother Anastasio attended Saint Leo College Prep near Tampa, before transferring to La Salle Military Academy on Long Island. In it Cabezas learns about life, about social injustice, about women, and about the difficulty of overthrowing a dictatorship. Most Nicaraguans live in Nicaragua, although there is also a significant Nicaraguan diaspora, particularly in Costa Rica and the United States with smaller communities in other countries around the world. A polyglot, she speaks Spanish, English, Italian and French; she also has the ability to read German. He settled in Los Angeles, California, and worked in construction, where he later met Adam Carolla in 1989. He is perhaps most famous outside of Nicaragua for his book entitled Fire From the Mountain, which is a personal account of his days as a guerrilla fighting the Somoza dynasty. After the Nicaraguan Revolution resulted in the overthrow and exile of Somoza's government, Ortega became President of the ruling multipartisan Junta of National Reconstruction. In New Orleans, he got deeper into the Blues Guitar, influenced by New Orleans musicians and Louisiana bluesmen. The stunning river gorge that cuts deep through ancient rocks to create the Cañón … However, civil liberties remained restricted and corruption remained widespread. Segura was a fundamentalist, integrista, in the technical sense of believing in the necessity of a 'Confessional State' – one that officially professes and supports the public practice of the Roman Catholic religion and prohibits others from enjoying equal legal status. Zelaya's philosophy was based on Germany's former Emperor's military views. [15][16], During the 1979 uprising, many middle-class and wealthy families left Nicaragua. As of 2009, she and her younger sister Claudia are Costa Rica's only Olympic medalists. Get the best deals on Nicaraguan Famous People Postal Stamps when you shop the largest online selection at eBay.com. As of 2010, he is reconciled with the FSLN and holds a ministerial post in the government of Daniel Ortega. In addition to being responsible for all of the Contras' military operations, Bermúdez ultimately helped manage the Contras' transition to an opposition political party in the early 1990s, after the Sandinistas' ultimately yielded to demands for elections in the country. José Arnoldo Alemán Lacayo was the 81st President of Nicaragua from 10 January 1997 to 10 January 2002. However, the most precise scientific information that has been obtained proves human presencefor only little over one thousand years. The estimated number of Nicaraguan Americans in the U.S. was 281,167 in 2006, up from 177,684 in 2000. Clara Isabel Alegría Vides is a Nicaraguan poet, essayist, novelist, and journalist who is a major voice in the literature of contemporary Central America. Signed by the Milwaukee Brewers as an amateur free agent in 1978, Green made his Major League Baseball debut with the St. Louis Cardinals on September 4, 1981, and appeared in his final game on October 4, 1987. Lewites was born in the San Felipe barrio of Jinotepe, the son of a Jewish immigrant from Poland. On June 30, 1809 he married Engracia Vasconcelos in San Vicente. Institutional struggles for power between the legislative, executive and judicial branches resulted in great inefficiency for the Bolaños government. In the early 1990s the life expectancy of a Nicaraguan was 62 years, among the lowest in Central America. The Miskito language is the most spoken Indigenous language of Nicaragua, with about 154,400 native speakers. In between, he played one season for the Kintetsu Buffaloes in 1986. Just before the 1984 season, he was traded to the Chicago Cubs with Bob Dernier and Gary Matthews in exchange for Bill Campbell and Mike Diaz. Alexis Arguello was an actor, professional boxer and politician. Her parents were Germans and they settled in Nicaragua where Sylvia and her younger sister Claudia were born. Also as of 2009, Claudia and Silvia are the only Costa Ricans to have won a medal at an Olympics. Born into a working-class family, from an early age Ortega opposed ruling President Anastasio Somoza Debayle, widely recognized as a dictator, and became involved in the underground movement against his regime. Republic of Nicaragua The Sandinistas began their struggle against the government in 1963—a struggle that would topple his brother in 1979. Nicaragua has a unique history in that it was the only country in Latin America to be colonized by both the Spanish and the British. He signed with the Mariners in 2007, and made his professional debut in 2008 with the Venezuelan Summer League Mariners. Unlike other Latin American countries, Nicaraguan migrants' primary destination is not the United States, it is Costa Rica. #1 of 4 Sights & Landmarks in San Juan … She is the first Nicaraguan-American to be the nominee of a major party for a seat in the Congress of the United States. He later lost that title on May 19, 2008 to Yusuke Kobori who knocked him out in only 3 rounds. His brother, Anastasio Somoza Debayle, headed the National Guard and was the second most powerful man in the country during his older brother's rule. Blessed María Romero Meneses, was a Salesian Sister and Social Apostle of Costa Rica, beatified by Pope John Paul II on the 14 April 2002. Costa Rica and Nicaragua signed an agreement regulating seasonal migration in 1998; it allows Nicaraguans with work permits to enter Costa Rica at the western border at Peñas Blancas on the Pan-American Highway. Sandino was assassinated in 1934 by National Guard forces of Gen. Anastasio Somoza García, who went on to seize power in a coup d'état two years later. The language and pronunciation varies depending on region. A leader in the socialist Sandinista National Liberation Front, his policies in government have seen the implementation of leftist reforms across Nicaragua. He overcomes numerous obstacles in his quest to bring down the brutal US-supported thirty year Somoza dynasty in an environment defined by terror and hope. In 2009, his album, Ciclos, was nominated for numerous Latin Grammy Awards, his biggest breakthrough in over a decade. Nicaraguans were playing in organized leagues in the 1890s. He announced his split from the PLC in protest of the control of the party by former President Alemán, who was imprisoned for misappropriation of funds. After Managua, Leon is one of the top cities to explore while in Nicaragua. He also shut out the powerful Cuban national team in a tournament in Colombia in 1976 beating them 5–0 and also shut out the USA team 4–0 in 1977 on a tournament played in Nicaragua, attaining status as one Nicaragua's best amateur pitchers. Estimates on the basis of the Nicaraguan Health Survey indicated that at least 11% of Nicaraguan households have at least 1 person residing abroad.[6]. Due to centuries of extreme discrimination most Native Americans, as in every Latin American country outside Bolivia, self-report as Mestizo. Devern Brandon Hansack is a Nicaraguan professional baseball pitcher who formerly pitched in Major League Baseball in the United States. The Caribbean coast of the country, on the other hand, was once a British protectorate. In 1977 Ramírez became head of the "Group of Twelve", a group of prominent intellectuals, priests, businesspeople, and members of civil society who publicly stated their support for the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional in its struggle to topple the dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza Debayle. Ortega's relationship with the United States had never been very cordial, due to US support for Somoza prior to the revolution. They surrendered a short time later at Gualcince. Meléndez has learned to play the guitar with his feet. David Alejandro Green Casaya is a former Major League Baseball player who played outfielder and first baseman. The Caribbean coast of Nicaragua is known for a lively, sensual form of dance music called Palo de Mayo which is very much alive all throughout the country. In Masaya, they go all out with corn pastries, foods, and drinks called rosquillas, chicha de maiz, corn with ginger, nacatamales, … Chamorro was the first elected female head of state in the Americas, the second in the Western Hemisphere after Iceland's Vigdís Finnbogadóttir and the fifth in the world after the elections of Agatha Barbara in Malta, Elisabeth Kopp in Switzerland and Corazon Aquino in the Philippines. Following the assassination of his father, Anastasio Somoza García, Luis was tapped as acting president and was elected president in his own right later that year. Arlen Siu Bermúdez, better known as Arlen Siu, was a Chinese Nicaraguan who became one of the first female martyrs of the Sandinista revolution. He currently lives in Managua, Nicaragua. Its culture is similar to that of Caribbean nations that were or are British possessions, such as Jamaica, Belize, The Cayman Islands, etc. The total number of immigrants to Nicaragua, both originating from other Latin American countries and all other countries, never surpassed 1% of its total population prior to 1995. He was one of the leading figures of the national Vanguardia literary movement. Carlos José Solórzano Gutiérrez was the President of Nicaragua between 1 January 1925 and 14 March 1926. He was a relative of Carlos José Solórzano, 58th President of Nicaragua. Over 62 percent of the total documented immigration from 1979 to 1988 occurred after 1984. He was eventually assassinated while in exile in Paraguay. In the years prior to the fall of the Somoza regime, Pastora was the leader of the Southern Front, the largest militia in southern Nicaragua, second only to the FSLN in the north. 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