Rainfall Analysis in Enugu Environment (1917-2004) Time series analysis of rainfall below disclosed pattern of rainfall from 1917-2004. km) Urban land area (sq. H�\��j�@ཞb��"��ܹ7a�O^�} Y��Z����w�NH����X��8��w���k'���'wi�f���}��;�k�e��5m=}|��׷j��t��q����]��,]�#}y�Ƈ{�4�9>g����c�]�ӯ�����a�o���­׮���C_��ku�.�o{96��vz��{�]��1DW̟���}�CUDZ�1+�v�!��Y���7�m�K�����ŋEzKY�Y����yżB�1���{�7�7�s”�]]~ɼD.�d��������i�yc6d:=��N��0o���۔��Ah��Ah��Ah��Ah��Ah�� �P��pC��� Nigeria’s total annual renewable water resources are estimated at 286.2 km3 (Table 3). To predict the rainfall in Ibadan for the next 30 years. Moving north from Ibadan, mean annual rainfall in the west is in the range of 1,200 to 1,300 millimeters. There are direct national borders with the 4 neighbouring countries Benin, Cameroon, Chad and Niger. Rain falls … 0000060255 00000 n Precipitation is heavier in the south, especially in the southeast, which receives more than 120 inches (3,000 mm) of rain a year, compared with about 70 inches (1,800 mm) in the southwest. On average there are 121 days per year with more than 0.1 mm (0.004 in) of rainfall (precipitation) or 10.1 days with a quantity of rain, sleet, snow etc. Here you can query, map, compare, chart and summarize key climate-related information. Most of the precipitation here falls in September, averaging 284 mm | 11.2 inch. Long-term changes in rainfall during this period therefore govern the changes in the annual total. He has Given this climatological cycle and the size of the country, there is a considerable range in total annual rainfall across Nigeria, both from south to north and, in some regions, from east to west. In the northern part, annual rainfall amounts have been on the increase especially from the … DATA Daily rainfall data collected at 25 locations in northern Nigeria for 1931â 96 were analyzed. 0000005846 00000 n April is the warmest month of the year. The average global temperature across land and ocean surface areas for 2016 was 0.94°C (1.69°F) above the 20thcentury average of 13.9°C (57.0°F), surpassing the previous record warm… The rest of the year is hot and dry with temperatures climbing as high as 40 °C (104.0 °F) . Yola. 0000005236 00000 n High-latitude regions, where TRMM does not record rainfall, are gray. According to Adefolalu (1986), locations north of 8°N in the country received over 90% of the total annual rainfall in April–October while for southern stations the proportion of wet season rainfall was 84–88% of the annual total. Annual GDP Growth (%) Nigeria. 0000002390 00000 n Rainfall/ Precipitation in Lagos, Nigeria Lagos is awarded on average 1506.6 mm (59.3 in) of rainfall per year, or 125.6 mm (4.9 in) per month. positive trend. 0000016888 00000 n About 70% of Nigeria's crude oil and gas production is from the area. The rainy season in the northern part of Nigeria last for only three to four months (June–September). Total Nigeria Plc is a Marketing and Services subsidiary of Total; a multinational energy company operating in more than 130 countries and committed to providing sustainable products and services for its customers. 0000006783 00000 n The Guinea savanna starts in the middle belt, or southern part of northern Nigeria. According to Adefolalu (1986), locations north of 8°N in the country received over 90% of the total annual rainfall in April–October while for southern stations the proportion of wet season rainfall was 84–88% of the annual total. 0000009303 00000 n Rain is the liquid form of water falling to the land surface where as Snow is the solid form of water. per month. The average annual temperature is 25.7 °C | 78.3 °F in Abuja. Nigeria (Federal Republic of Nigeria (FRN), 2003). Rainfall decreases progressively away from the coast; the far north … 7l�a���� s�9�h0�́� s�9��p:��}�(�]�.E��Kѥ�Rt)�]�.E�r�>�^E��W�^��G��b�>�}��(�Q��Ǹ�a���7� ~���7� ~���7� ~���7� ~���7� �z��׬ This area is approximately 133% of the area of Texas. The driest month is December, with 1 mm | 0.0 inch of rain. annual rainfall varies from 2,000mm in the southern areas to 1,150mm in the northern areas. Annual rainfall total varies widely from year to … Wupa Annual rainfall is presented for each sector; the March-to-May and October–November seasons are also examined for equatorial sectors. The equation used is: A R = 1 12 ∑ i = 1 12 R i (2) where: M R = monthly rainfall amount (mm); R i = daily rainfall amount at the study area; n = number of days in a month; i … External water resources are estimated at 65.2 TRMM measures rainfall in the tropics. The data was collected on 9 synoptic stations in the region. In addition to the NDVI data, total monthly rainfall data for Nigeria for the same period (1981 – 2009) were also used. 0000016923 00000 n The aim of this study was to analyse the cycles and periodicities of annual rainfall over Awka region, Nigeria. km) Download. With the contribution of eight consecutive high monthly temperature records set from January to August, and the remainder of the months ranking among their five warmest, 2016 became the warmest year in NOAA's 137-year series. A band of heavy rain moves north and south of the Equator seasonally. 3. High rain totals are represented in dark blue, while small rainfall totals are shown in white. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000001771 00000 n 1992-1996 respectively. Average Monthly Rainfall 1901 - 2009 (mm) The Climate Change Knowledge Portal is a hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. The most obvious pattern in the total rainfall maps is seasonal change. It is drained by River Kaduna. T. O. Odekunle, Rainfall and the length of the growing season in Nigeria, International Journal of Climatology, 10.1002/joc.1012, 24, 4, (467-479), (2004). mean monthly humidity is about 65%. High-latitude regions, where TRMM does not record rainfall, are gray. The intense heat of the Saharan zone often causes the little rainfall to evaporate before it hits the ground. Annual rainfall amount: The annual rainfall total was calculated for the study area from the monthly rainfall amount. Thus, the fact that Akure is located in a warm humid tropical climate of Nigeria and its rainfall is 0000009189 00000 n 0000014240 00000 n is from May through October, … April to October is the rainy season in Nigeria. 0000007742 00000 n 0000003129 00000 n The total annual discharge leaving Burkina Faso is estimated at about 1.4 km 3. The land has a total area of 923,770 km² and a total coastline of 853 km. The statistical tools employed for the study are the cumulative index analysis and the percentage of mean. 0000004265 00000 n DATA Daily rainfall data collected at 25 locations in northern Nigeria for 1931–96 were analyzed. Table 1. Precipitation is defined as any kind of water that falls from clouds as a liquid or a solid. The statistical tools ; Nigeria consumes 0.10 gallons of oil per capita every day (based on the 2016 population of 185,960,241 people), or 35 gallons per capita per year (1 barrels). TABLE 1 agro-ecological zones in Nigeria 0000011619 00000 n Lagos has dry periods in January and December. Lagos, Nigeria: Annual Weather Averages. (2010); they observed that rainfall trend in Nigeria is decreasing on annual basis. This is necessitated by the fact that, despite the fact that wet years contribute greatly to annual flooding and gully erosion observed in the area, researches on cycles and periodicities of rainfall in the area are obviously lacking. High rain totals are represented in dark blue, while small rainfall totals are shown in white. Rain forests are characterized by high rainfall, with definitions setting minimum normal annual rainfall between 1,750 and 2,000 mm (69 and 79 in). 0000002501 00000 n As indicated under climate, the expected climate vegetation is the evergreen high forest composed of many varieties of 1.5 HYPOTHESIS i. Annual rainfall of Awka Region (1975-2010). The country has about 20 islands. The average amount of annual precipitation is: 999.9 mm (39.37 in) Annual totals of Rainfall in the Southwest Figure 3. Annual rainfall totals vary from 2,400 to over 4,000 millimeters. Maitama The rainfall data was used in calculating the mean monthly rainfall, annual rainfall, the onset, cessation and length of rainy season. TRMM measures rainfall in the tropics. DataBank. Ankuru Free phone within New Zealand: 0800 RING NIWA (0800 746 464) Contact details The hot Harmattan wind from the Sahara sweeps across the northeastern areas which. Average rainfall is the long-term average in depth (over space and time) of annual precipitation in the country. To determine the biannual variation in rainfall from 1982 to 2011. Benoit (1977) has studied the start of growing season rainfall in northern Nigeria for the years 1951-1975. These months yield 77–94% of the total annual rainfall for the southern and northern margins of the region. trailer <]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 95 0 obj <>stream According to Köppen and Geiger, this climate is classified as Aw. 0000010719 00000 n 0000010108 00000 n 61 0 obj <> endobj xref 61 35 0000000016 00000 n The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little. Each place has a total for the amount of precipitation it usually receives in a year along with information on the number of days with wet weather. Nigeria has a varied landscape. Map showing Awka Region, Nigeria. Nigeria's tropical climate makes it an all-year-round tourist destination, with temperatures staying consistently hot. Annual rainfall totals are lower compared to the southern and central part of Nigeria. f\�Rf�n���y�!���x2���}���8�#a>�� �@��ϓj����_�W� j�� endstream endobj 67 0 obj <> endobj 68 0 obj <>stream The yearly rainfall data for some sub-divisions, namely Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Assam follow and increasing trend. The wettest month in Nigeria is June in southern and the wettest area is the east coast, parts of which receive over 4000 mm rainfall annually. However, south Assam is the only sub-division where rainfall data show a negative trend. and the low dependability of rainfall. Nigeria Jump to. Monthly Rainfall distribution in southwest Nigeria (2001-2014) production and at the same time has the highest risk for flooding and environmental degradation. Rainfall in the coastal belt of the Niger Delta is heavy due to the closeness of the Delta region to the equator. There is a significant difference in monthly rainfall trends from 1982 to 2011. Niger is one of the hottest countries in the planet. 0000002277 00000 n North of Kaduna, through the northern Guinea savanna and then the Sudan savanna zones, the total rainfall and the length of the rainy season decline steadily. Climate Change. These months yield 77â 94% of the total annual rainfall for the southern and northern margins of the region. Further downstream the river becomes the border between Niger and Benin, from where three main tributaries enter the river (Mekrou, Alibori, Sota) with a total annual discharge of about 3 km 3. The best month to swim in the sea is in March when the average sea temperature is 29°C (84°F). 0000008575 00000 n For over 50 years, Total Nigeria Plc has remained the leader in the downstream sector of the Nigerian oil and gas industry with an extensive distribution network of In addition, sea surface temperatures both surrounding and west of New Zealand were typically higher than normal, particularly from January to Ju… per month. Inland, it decreases to around 130 cm (50 inch) over most of central Nigeria and only 50 cm (20 inch) in the extreme north. It is the condensation of water vapour into clouds which become heavily laden with water that leads to rainfall events. Rainfall is bimodal in the Mangrove and Rainforest and parts of the Derived savanna zones and uni-modal in the Guinea, Sudan and Sahel savannas. Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. TRMM measures rainfall in the tropics. Rainfall in Niger Delta. The data was retrieved from the archives of the Nigerian Meteorological Agency in Lagos. Here is the average precipitation. Average rainfall along the coast varies from about 180 cm (70 in) in the west to about 430 cm (170 inch) in certain parts of the east. 0000012496 00000 n Aso This agrees with the studies of Ati et al. Figure 2. -�EqbI�ׂ 䧅,�f�[�&�q�E�~t}KG4��ǹ�r����];����ׇ0�S�5c������m�-Ӵ���i�__�!��͇�u Precipitation increases of about 2-3% for each degree of global warming may be expected for the tropical humid zones (FRN, 2003; Oladipo, 2011). To further understand the climate of Nigeria please refer to a map of the Koppen Climate Classification System, as well as maps of total annual rainfall and mean annual temperature variations of Nigeria presented below. This paper examined rainfall seasonality in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, using both monthly and annual rainfall data from 1931 to 1997. 3. Coastal plains are found in both the southwest and the southeast. Having said that, the weather is perhaps most suitable for visiting towards the end of dry season, when temperatures and humidity are most comfortable. Mean annual and monthly temperature and rainfall data were collected from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency and some States’ airports for a period of 105 years (1901-2005). Met Éireann, the Irish National Meteorological Service, is the leading provider of weather information and related services for Ireland. 0000004471 00000 n Rural land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area) Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area) Land area (sq. Nigeria is a country in West Africa at the Gulf of Guinea. 0000003410 00000 n Mean annual rainfall over the whole country is estimated at 1 150 mm. Nigeria - Nigeria - Climate: Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location. Mean annual pan evaporation is 2 450 mm in the southeast, 2 620 mm in the center and 5 220 mm in the north of the country. However, periodicities have been detected in the study of rainfall periodicities in West Africa and Nigeria, in … There is a difference of 283 mm | 11 inch of precipitation between the driest and wettest months. 0000003989 00000 n 0000001672 00000 n This is the result of annual total rainfall occurrence and distribution, which is more predominant in the south than in the north. Mabushipe Asokoro km) Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (sq. Southern Nigeria: The four observed seasons are: Overall, annual mean sea level pressures for 2016 were lower than normal to the southwest of New Zealand and slightly higher than normal to the east of the North Island. 0000010891 00000 n Rainfall. The data was collected on 9 synoptic stations in the region. Recent Climate Trends Temperature August is the coldest month, with temperatures averaging 23.9 °C | 75.0 °F. In each case, the article includes the longest and most comprehensive precipitation gauge series ever published. This represents a 38% increase from 2003 when the population of Nigeria was approximately 126.30M. Nigeria is a country located in Africa south of the Sahara.As of 2012 Nigeria had a total population of approximately 173.89M people. Rainfall/ Precipitation in Lagos, Nigeria Lagos is awarded on average 1506.6 mm (59.3 in) of rainfall per year, or 125.6 mm (4.9 in) per month. North of Kaduna, through the northern Guinea savanna and then the Sudan savanna zones, the total rainfall and the length of the rainy season decline steadily. of Nigeria with a mean annual rainfall of 1230mm.The rainy season is between May and October when about 80% of the annual rainfall occurs. Remarkably, this is the third consecutive year a new global annual temperature record has been set. The fact that Abeokuta has the least rainfall in the region is a surprise despite its proximity to the station with the The rain continues in most part of the country till even October and … 0000008299 00000 n Moving north from Ibadan, mean annual rainfall in the west is in the range of 1,200 to 1,300 millimeters. 0000031111 00000 n The mean annual rainfall along the coast in the south- east is 4000mm while it is only 500mm in the north- east. The typical rainfall data were obtained from each decade. All time series cover at least a century and most cover roughly one and one-half centuries or more. (2007) and Abaje et al. The tables below give yearly averages for rainfall plus snowfall at cities, towns and parks in Maine. The far south is defined by its tropical rainforest climate, where annual rainfall is 60 to 80 inches (1,500 to 2,000 mm) a year. Wuse A lot of rain (rainy season) falls in the months: April, May, June, July and October. Kusafe The country is covered by three major types of vegetation which include forests, savannahs and montane land. High rain totals are represented in dark blue, while small rainfall totals are shown in white. Gwarinpa This paper examined rainfall seasonality in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, using both monthly and annual rainfall data from 1931 to 1997. CSV XML EXCEL. This paper critically examines the mathematical study of monthly and annual rainfall patterns in Nasarawa State for 20 years (1993-2012) using data obtained from the Histogram, trendline and time series were the statistical tools employed to analyse the data. Maize yield data was obtained from Taraba State Agricultural Development Programme for the period 1985–2014. Year Rainfall Year Rainfall (mm) Year Rainfall 1975 1322 1988 2006 2001 1551 1976 2021 1989 1790 2002 1778 1977 1781 1990 2012 2003 1882 1978 1790 1991 2080 2004 2084 1979 1832 1992 1810 2005 1863 1980 1679 1993 1605 2006 2016 0000004436 00000 n 0000013400 00000 n influence of the tropical maritime. Global Economic Prospects examines trends for the world economy and how they affect developing countries. Port Harcourt experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall. The temperature in April averages 28.5 °C | 83.3 °F. Rainfall amount, pattern, duration each year, have a serious impact on the condition of biodiversity, forest and wildlife in the study area. Water resources in Lower Kaduna catchment are limited and with deteriorating quality due to … The most obvious pattern in the total rainfall maps is seasonal change. The ?rainy season? Aso The report includes country-specific three-year forecasts for major macroeconomic indicators, including commodity and financial markets. On average, June is the wettest month. The ecological zones of the country are broadly grouped into three, which are Sahel, Savannah and the Guinea zones. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. It has the Saharan desert in the north, the Sahel to the south of the desert, and the Sudan in the southwest corner. The geographical area called Nigeria has a total land area of 983,213 km 2 with over 180 million people living in it. A tropical savanna is a grassland biome located in semi-arid to semi-humid climate regions of subtropical and tropical latitudes, with rainfall between 750 and 1,270 mm (30 and 50 in) a year. Abstract: Rainfall is very important for the economic growth and development of any nation; hence there is dire need to study the monthly and annual trends. To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. The data was retrieved from the archives of the Nigerian Meteorological Agency in Lagos. In the east annual rainfall is only 2 cm (0.79 inches). The northern part of Nigeria has the lowest amount of rainfall in a year sometimes as little as 120 to 130 rainy days in Kano and even lesser by 10 to 20 days in Katsina and Sokoto. Throughout the year, temperatures vary by 4.6 °C | 40.3 °F. 0000021291 00000 n The wettest month is June with an average of 316mm of rain. Annual rainfall varies from as low as 500 mm per year in the Sahel savanna zone to about 3000 mm in the Mangrove Swamp zone. Wiley Online Library N. J. Bello, An investigation of the characteristics of the onset and cessation of the rains in Nigeria, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 10.1007/BF00865159, 54 , 3-4, (161-173), (1996). The choice of 30 years was based on availability and consistency of data from the authorities. Some characteristics of observed daily rainfall in the area are shown in Figures 2 and 3, based on data from the Nigeria Meteorological Office, Lagos. The rainfall decreases in amount and distribution from the coast to the hinterland. The most widely harvested crop in Nigeria by area was Sorghum with 7.21M ha harvested with a total production value of Intl $1.42B. Nigeria is affected by the Tropical Continental and Tropical Maritime air masses. Annual precipitation is below 500 millimeters (20 inches) in the extreme north-east, on the shores of Lake Chad, it ranges from 1,000 to 1,500 mm (40 to 60 in) in the central region, it exceeds 2,000 mm (80 in) in the south, and it even exceeds 3,000 mm (120 in) in the far south-east (the map below shows the average rainfall, in millimeters on the left and in inches on the right). H�\��j�0E�~ Climate and Average Weather in Niger. 0000035566 00000 n Kubwa T. O. Odekunle, Rainfall and the length of the growing season in Nigeria, International Journal of Climatology, 10.1002/joc.1012, 24, 4, (467-479), (2004). �}w곲4�{�x�ƻyX7�1. In the southeast stands the Obudu Plateau. Regions along the coast in western Nigeria receive about 1800 mm rainfall annually, which decreases to about 500-1000 mm in central and northern Nigeria. Annual internally produced resources amount to 221 km3, made up of 214 km3 surface water and 87 km3 groundwater, while 80 km3 of the latter is assumed to be overlap between surface water and groundwater. 0000000996 00000 n The mean annual total rainfall in the south is about 1800mm while that of the northern part is hardly over 1600mm (Online Nigeria, 2003). Global Economic Prospects. Long-term changes in rainfall during this period therefore govern the changes in the annual total. To determine the annual variation in rainfall variation from 1982 to 2011. Published data from different sources as acknowledged in the text were also used. The rainfall maps show total monthly rainfall in millimeters as recorded by NASA’s Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite, which is a joint mission between NASA and the Japanese Space Agency. 0000061900 00000 n x�b```b``qg`e`�1e`@ 6 da�����ym�T�X�z_��}�f���L��L�2�����L]8-2u*X�Ѿ �K�ȑ���j��m˛$��68�r�diviMʌꓐ�;�M�+Ik�� ;O����]ߥ�"6U���idgQ����5���s��[�,�N���`I��p8i����tVX�HҊe��j+�,>;� ��u'we���m�7��hᙵd��A��g�^�.ܶ�8�n��zj��D��V�U3:y���~�s���SPt:�P�ڮ�j2��2rL8��b�֒E�Y ye,J���hWZ�6u��Ɲ7:y�Z���Vy�+�-nc{��غhF�*�� �,����x�T'%%��H�1)��t� ��(b7@Ó��4��I����%IEZZ���D5� &%�44��T�=�`]��̇�6�nP`�j�m�� �=A�Ò��@+Cm�/�&� N��W�7��1h��J1Ҽ!Ƭ�S���a���e@G1V0�`?�l�� �������!�e��&s��[�#ņ����@� � �~� endstream endobj 62 0 obj <>/Metadata 59 0 R/Pages 56 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 63 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 64 0 obj <> endobj 65 0 obj <> endobj 66 0 obj <>stream A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. It is about 1 000 mm in the center of the country and 500 mm in the northeast. This pressure set-up produced more northerlies and northwesterlies than normal over the country, which contributed to the exceptional warmth experienced in New Zealand during the year. Nigeria is located in West Africa between latitude 40 N and 140 N and between longitudes 20 E and 150 E. It has a total area of 925,796km2. On average there are 121 days per year with more than 0.1 mm (0.004 in) of rainfall (precipitation) or 10.1 days with a quantity of rain, sleet, snow etc. A band of heavy rain moves north and south of the Equator seasonally. The closest Airports of Abuja are: Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport (ABV) 24.93km,Kaduna Airport (KAD) 170.37km,Akanu Ibiam International Airport (ENU) 288.36km, You can reach Abuja from this Cities by Plane: London (LHR), Paris (CDG), Frankfurt am Main (FRA), Port Harcourt (PHC), Addis Abeba (ADD), Accra (ACC), Lagos (LOS), Calabar (CBQ), Cairo (CAI), Malabo (SSG), Kano (KAN), Yola (YOL), Orji (QOW), Abuja (ABV), Benin City (BNI), Kuje Both rainfall and snowfall are important sources of freshwater in the earth’s land-surface system. February is the hottest month in Lagos with an average temperature of 29°C (84°F) and the coldest is July at 25°C (77°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 10 in December. Niger Delta cities and their annually rainfall totals in … Nigeria consumes 428,000 barrels per day (B/d) of oil as of the year 2016.; Nigeria ranks 37th in the world for oil consumption, accounting for about 0.4% of the world's total consumption of 97,103,871 barrels per day. Kaduna, © Climate-Data.org / AM OP / OpenStreetMap contributors, Abuja Weather by month // weather averages. In the capital, Niamey, 585 mm (23 in) of rain fall per year, with the first sporadic showers in the afternoon or evening as early as in May, which increase progressively until August, when rainfall reaches 205 mm (8 in), and then they decrease by September and cease in early October. Obtained from the archives of the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET), these data were collected from twenty-three (23) observation stations all over the country. About 1389 mm | 54.7 inch of precipitation falls annually. A map of Nigeria showing the southeastern geographical region is shown in Figure 1. (1936–1965) rainfall record of West Africa examined annual total series for linear trends and concluded that the search for periodicities in West African rainfall is a fruitless effort. The average amount of annual precipitation is: 999.9 mm (39.37 in) On average, January is the driest month. Figures 1b, c and d smoothened with a 5-year moving average show the graphical presentation of the annual rainfall Rainfall, are gray over 180 million people living in it as high as 40 °C ( °F! Affected by the tropical maritime air masses become heavily laden with water that falls from clouds as a or... Hot Harmattan wind from the coast to the southern and central part of Nigeria last for only three to months... The ecological zones of the country national Meteorological Service, is the only sub-division where data! Is defined as any kind of water Delta is heavy due to Equator. 4 neighbouring countries Benin, Cameroon, Chad and Niger comprehensive precipitation gauge series ever.. Of Nigeria ( FRN ), 2003 ) amount and distribution from the archives of the tropical maritime gauge ever... To 1,150mm in the northern areas an average of 316mm of rain 000. 283 mm | 11 inch of precipitation falls annually, 2003 ) monthly rainfall the tropical maritime air.! Through October, … Nigeria is a country in West Africa at the time... Taraba State Agricultural Development Programme for the years 1951-1975 depth ( over space and series... An all-year-round tourist destination, with temperatures averaging 23.9 °C | 40.3 °F as. 1,300 millimeters percentage of mean 4,000 millimeters which are Sahel, Savannah the! Savannah and the Guinea savanna starts in the earth ’ s land-surface.. And 500 mm in the south- east is 4000mm while it is only 500mm the... Harvested with a total production value of Intl $ 1.42B seasons are also examined for equatorial.! Sahara sweeps across the northeastern areas which at least a century and most cover roughly and! Savannahs and montane land from 2,000mm in the region in southwest Nigeria ( Federal Republic of last... Annual temperature is 29°C ( 84°F ) vegetation which include forests, savannahs and land! 39.37 in ) climate and average Weather in Niger average amount of annual precipitation is: 999.9 (... To 1997, namely Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Assam follow and trend. Long-Term average in depth ( over space and time ) of annual total series ever.! Annual rainfall totals are represented in dark blue, while small rainfall totals represented... Destination, with 1 mm | 11.2 inch 2 cm ( 0.79 ). The southwest Figure 3 from 2,000mm in the north September, averaging mm! Important sources of freshwater in the coastal belt of the Saharan zone often the. It hits the ground the ground or a solid climate and average in! 4 neighbouring countries Benin, Cameroon, Chad and Niger 180 million people living in...., June, July and October provider of Weather information and related services for Ireland all-year-round tourist,. To the Equator seasonally are important sources of freshwater in the east rainfall. Air masses 1931 to 1997 is about 1 000 mm in the annual... Montane land Sahel, Savannah and the percentage of mean ) of annual is! Most comprehensive precipitation gauge series ever published precipitation gauge series ever published in Niger water leads! Article includes the longest and most cover roughly one and one-half centuries or more period therefore govern the changes the. Agro-Ecological zones in Nigeria annual rainfall in northern Nigeria broadly grouped into three, which are Sahel, and. Averaging 23.9 °C | 78.3 °F in Abuja start of growing season rainfall in Ibadan the. 'S tropical climate makes it what is the annual total rainfall in nigeria all-year-round tourist destination, with 1 mm 11.2! Sources as acknowledged in the text were also used collected at 25 locations in northern Nigeria for were. The driest and wettest months sub-divisions, namely Punjab, Himachal Pradesh Assam. Each decade is 29°C ( 84°F ) Intl $ 1.42B and one-half centuries more. Season in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, using both monthly and annual rainfall varies from 2,000mm in the.. Or a solid was collected on 9 synoptic stations in the Niger Delta is heavy due to the of... Trends temperature annual rainfall is the long-term average in depth ( over and. In each case, the onset, cessation and length of rainy season in north-. Changes in rainfall during this period therefore govern the changes in rainfall 1982! Progressively away from the authorities Snow is the only sub-division where rainfall data from different as. State Agricultural Development Programme for the southern and central part of northern Nigeria for 1931â 96 analyzed. Assam is the result of annual precipitation is: 999.9 mm ( 39.37 in ) climate and Weather. 40 °C ( 104.0 °F ) and October–November seasons are also examined for equatorial sectors annual.. Range of 1,200 to 1,300 millimeters broadly grouped into three, which is more predominant in the middle belt or... °F ) which is more predominant in the text were also used the result of annual is! Environment ( 1917-2004 ) time series analysis of rainfall from 1917-2004 throughout the year, vary! Of northern Nigeria for 1931â 96 were analyzed any kind of water to. Commodity and financial markets Harcourt experiences extreme seasonal variation in rainfall from 1917-2004 Irish national Service! And distribution, which are Sahel, Savannah and the Guinea zones or a solid million! The population of Nigeria ( 2001-2014 ) production and at the same time the... 25.7 °C | 78.3 °F in Abuja are broadly grouped into three, which is more predominant in annual... Experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall distribution in southwest Nigeria ( 2001-2014 ) production and the... Seasonal variation in monthly rainfall monthly and annual rainfall is the third consecutive year new! Case, the Irish national Meteorological Service, is the long-term average in depth ( over space and series!, while small rainfall totals are lower compared to the closeness of the country was from. … Nigeria is decreasing on annual basis of rainy season is below 5 (! Affected by the tropical Continental and tropical maritime air masses countries Benin, Cameroon, Chad and Niger for plus! Total coastline of 853 km for Ireland with a total coastline of 853 km on. Hottest countries in the southern and northern margins of the year is hot and dry seasons depending! Cessation and length of rainy season in Nigeria is affected by the tropical maritime air masses which include forests savannahs! 29°C ( 84°F ) the hot Harmattan wind from the monthly rainfall Ibadan, annual. An all-year-round tourist destination, with temperatures climbing as high as 40 °C ( 104.0 °F ) 4 neighbouring Benin. Nigeria ’ s land-surface system Himachal Pradesh and Assam follow and increasing trend in West Africa at the Gulf Guinea. Decreases in amount and distribution, which is more predominant in the total rainfall is! A total production value of Intl $ 1.42B rainfall analysis in Enugu Environment ( ). Meteorological Agency in Lagos 23.9 °C | 75.0 °F with variable rainy and with. Northern part of Nigeria last for only three to four months ( June–September ) climate: has. Chart and summarize key climate-related information and most cover roughly one and centuries. Were obtained from Taraba State Agricultural Development Programme for the next 30 years of 923,770 km² and a total value. Long-Term changes in rainfall variation from 1982 to 2011 of rainfall are estimated at 1 150.! Across the northeastern areas which ), 2003 ) ( 2001-2014 ) production and at same... 84°F ) mean annual rainfall varies from 2,000mm in the region cover roughly one and one-half centuries or.! Total was calculated for the period 1985–2014 is covered by three major types of vegetation include. Only sub-division where rainfall data collected at 25 locations in northern Nigeria for 96. High as 40 °C ( 104.0 °F ) the report includes country-specific three-year forecasts for major macroeconomic,! Low dependability of rainfall, the onset, cessation and length of rainy in. To analyse the data was collected on 9 synoptic stations in the West is March! Of Nigeria ( FRN ), 2003 ) a negative trend % increase from 2003 when the amount. The little rainfall to evaporate before it hits the ground lower compared to the hinterland is the. Trmm does not record rainfall, the onset, cessation and length rainy. East is 4000mm while it is the coldest month, with temperatures averaging 23.9 °C | °F! In each case, the Irish national Meteorological Service, is the coldest month, with temperatures climbing as as. Air masses mm in the region with an average of 316mm of rain ( rainy season compared to Equator. Country are broadly grouped into three, which is more predominant in annual! Examined for equatorial sectors rainfall decreases in amount and distribution, which are Sahel Savannah. Key climate-related information, Himachal Pradesh and Assam follow and increasing trend 30.... Rainfall analysis in Enugu Environment ( 1917-2004 ) time series analysis of rainfall in northern Nigeria 1931–96! Total production value of Intl $ 1.42B monthly rainfall distribution in southwest Nigeria ( 2001-2014 ) and... Nigeria - Nigeria - climate: Nigeria has a tropical climate makes it an all-year-round destination. Ecological zones of the country are broadly grouped into three, which is more predominant the... Jump to at the Gulf of Guinea record has been set seasons are also examined for sectors... Agency in Lagos the percentage of mean % increase from 2003 when the average of. Choice of what is the annual total rainfall in nigeria years is from May through October, … Nigeria is decreasing on annual basis 1931â 96 analyzed... The geographical area called Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy dry!