Increasing demands and potential problems with a devestating fungus have made natural rubber into a valuable resource. Most natural rubber comes from rubber trees in Southeast Asia, but this source is now under threat from a fungus.Fungicides still provide at least temporary protection. Read More. Since natural rubber is critical to the quality of many rubber products, industrialized nations in particular regard it as a strategically important resource. That's why the researchers subsequently turned their attention to the Russian dandelion, which produces large amounts of natural rubber. The tires are equivalent to those made from Hevea natural rubber," says Dr. Carla Recker of Continental. Special genes…, In many species all over the animal kingdom, males have eye-catching characteristics. With the help of precision breeding, the researchers were quickly able to double the amount of natural rubber in the Russian dandelion. Continental and Fraunhofer Join Forces to Bring Dandelion Rubber to the Roads. This site uses cookies to assist with navigation, analyse your use of our services, and provide content from third parties. Science X Daily and the Weekly Email Newsletter are free features that allow you to receive your favorite sci-tech news updates in your email inbox. As yet, it has no artificial replacement. Natural rubber obtained from dandelions could reduce the dependence on imports from Asia. In the 1930s, Russia experimented with making rubber from dandelion roots but abandoned the project after the war. Fraunhofer researchers have established the basis for the large-scale production of high quality rubber with Russian dandelion. Bio-based latex car tyres can be made from dandelions and carpets from sugar. … Types of polyisoprene that are used as natural rubbers are classified as elastomers.. Using its proprietary selection techniques, KeyGene develops high performing varieties of rubber dandelion: from a small weed to a real crop. The team at Continental Tire looked to the dandelion as an alternative source of natural … Medical Xpress covers all medical research advances and health news, Tech Xplore covers the latest engineering, electronics and technology advances, Science X Network offers the most comprehensive sci-tech news coverage on the web. “The dandelion natural rubber has ideal material properties. “The dandelion natural rubber has ideal material properties. Approximately 40,000 products of everyday life contain natural rubber. The researchers reckon that it will take them around five years to cultivate the optimised plants using conventional breeding techniques – and be ready to create dandelion rubber! Therefore, market demand is outpacing production capacities, a situation that, in the past, has led to unpredictable price volatility. However, Germany's native dandelions don't produce sufficient quantities of rubber for being industrially viable. These genetic tools could tell already in a very early stage of plant development if a given plant will possess an efficient rubber production. The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. The rubber from fresh dandelion roots is an emulsion of polymer micro-particles, similar to the sap from a rubber tree. Nov. 1, 2013 - Rubber can be extracted from the juice of the dandelion. Since natural rubber is critical to the quality of many rubber products, industrialized nations in particular regard it as a strategically important resource. The carnivorous Venus flytrap, on the other hand, even notices when a lightweight like a fly lands on it. However, researchers from the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME were able to identify a cost-effective and eco-friendly alternative to the natural rubber tree: the dandelion. With the help of precision breeding, the researchers were quickly able to double the amount of natural rubber in the Russian dandelion. Apollo Vredestein, a multinational tire manufacturer, is working with KeyGene, and the two have developed prototype tires made from the plant. In the dried roots, however, the rubber is a solid aggregate. Dirk Prüfer decided to investigate the dandelion after a sudden insight on a day out. … Many plants, including dandelions which we will discuss in this article, produce latex instead of the rubber tree simply because, well, most people don't have rubber trees growing where they live. Get weekly and/or daily updates delivered to your inbox. Dandelions secrete latex when the tissues are cut or broken, yet in the wild type, the latex content is low and varies greatly. The tires are equivalent to those made from Hevea natural rubber,” says Dr. Carla Recker of Continental. However, synthetic rubber is mainly manufactured from petroleum, a non-renewable energy source. To make the rubber, part of a finger is coated with dandelion latex. Extraction of natural rubber from the plant was another challenge. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no Most natural rubber comes from rubber trees in Southeast Asia, but this source is now under threat from a fungus. That’s why the researchers subsequently turned their attention to the Russian dandelion, which produces large amounts of natural rubber. But there are problems with these products. They all share the same goal: finding a … While time-to-first-harvest for dandelions is undoubtedly faster, my understanding is that the trees can be tapped for rubber many, many times. "The dandelion natural rubber has ideal material properties. To this end, the scientists developed an eco-friendly technique whereby only the roots are pulverized because the leaves contain very little rubber. Natural rubber obtained from dandelions could reduce the dependence on imports from Asia. Your email address is used only to let the recipient know who sent the email. Dandelions and many other plants produce latex. You can be assured our editors closely monitor every feedback sent and will take appropriate actions. The other good option for rubber, Russian or Kazak dandelion (Taraxacum koksaghyz), is a fast-growing plant with a high-quality rubber that was discovered in 1931 in Kazakhstan . Although often impractical, they are beneficial in finding a mate. Thank you for taking your time to send in your valued opinion to Science X editors. Tires made from dandelions should be commercially available in five to 10 years. Left to right: Dr. Schulze Gronover, Dr. Recker (Continental Reifen Deutschland GmbH) and Prof. Prüfer make use of the Russian dandelion in the manufacture of car tires. The information you enter will appear in your e-mail message and is not retained by Phys.org in any form. Productive life is ~25 years after maturity, and each tree is tapped every few days. Thus, Dirk Prüfer points out that rubber from dandelion will not replace the actual source, but will compensate the additional demand in the future. Does Polyester resin catalyst react with uncured polyurethane foam? Now, environmental and economic factors are reviving interest in this alternative raw material. Features Bioenergy Other renewables Making rubber from dandelions November 1, 2013 By Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME. Bridgestone and Ohio State University are working together to produce rubber from Russian dandelion roots. New natural rubber successfully undergoes practical testing. "Our dandelion rubber tires are an important part of our extensive sustainability activities and of the ambitious goal of making our products and production processes as well as our research and development even more sustainable,” adds Claus Petschick, Head of Sustainability in Continental’s Tires business area. Rubber tree cultivation isn’t the most eco-friendly industry. This will mean a cleaner, more sustainable future for manufacturing. Scientists have now mapped the genetic bases of…. “Our efforts to decrease the import of the important rubber material from the tropics, … Around 30,000 different products are made from rubber today, including tires, soda drink bottle tops, tubing, and gloves. This was achieved without genetic modification; instead, Dirk Prüfer and Christian Schulze Gronover analyzed the dandelion’s genome and identified suitable DNA markers. Enter the dandelion. Kazak dandelion grows very close to the ground, can be grown in regions with mild temperatures, and produces yellow flower heads (they look like a flower but they are a dense group of small flowers without stem). “Dandelions also have the advantage of growing anually. Continental and Fraunhofer Join Forces to Bring Dandelion Rubber to the Roads. Now Professor Dirk Prüfer and his colleague Dr. Christian Schulze Gronover from Fraunhofer IME in Münster are developing Taraxacum kok-saghyz, also known as Russian dandelion, as an efficient replacement for the natural rubber tree. Local raw material extraction avoids long transport routes, reduces CO 2 emissions and conserves valuable resources. Although there are something like 200 plants in the world that produce latex, over 99 percent of the world's natural rubber is made from the latex that comes from a tree species called Hevea brasiliensis, widely known as the rubber tree. (Body heat helps the rubber to form.) Currently, all our natural rubber comes from Hevea brasiliensis, a tree that grows under subtropical climate. In theory, there's no reason why we couldn't make rubber by growing dandelions, though we'd need an awful lot of them.) The performance of tires made of dandelion natural rubber has already proven in action, and manufacturer Continental has tested a first version. … As yet, it has no artificial replacement. By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. But the idea of making chemicals in microorganism factories instead of oil refineries is taking off. “The plant is extremely resilient, able to grow in moderate climates and even in soil that is not or just barely suited for the cultivation of food and feed crops,” explains Christian Schulze Gronover. … New natural rubber successfully undergoes practical testing. However, researchers from the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME were able to identify a cost-effective and eco-friendly alternative to the natural rubber tree: the dandelion. Dandelion Rubber from Continental Nominated as One of the Top 3 Projects at the GreenTec Awards 2014. Cultivating dandelions will also make it possible to increase domestic crop diversity. However, if the entire world production will be based on dandelion rubber, one would need the size of Austria for its cultivation. Thus, Dirk Prüfer points out that rubber from dandelion will not replace the actual source, but will compensate the additional demand in the future. The natural rubber tree takes between seven and ten years to deliver the first harvest.". That’s why the researchers subsequently turned their attention to the Russian dandelion, which produces large amounts of natural rubber. Click here to sign in with German researchers have genetically altered the make up of the Russian dandelion, making it suitable for large-scale rubber production. At the end of the process, water is used to separate the resource from the other substances. Dandelions are modest plants that are an excellent alternative source for a raw material of high demand: natural rubber, the fundamental ingredient in rubber products. The Urban Taraxagum bicycle tire, available on the market since 2019, is the first serial product made of dandelion rubber that combines local production with minimal transport distances in … Since natural rubber is critical to the quality of many rubber products, industrialized nations in particular regard it as a strategically important resource. Having plucked the flower off one of them, I was wondering if the expelling white latex contains rubber.” However, Germany’s native dandelions don’t produce sufficient quantities of rubber for being industrially viable. Princeton Chemistry’s Scholes Group is reporting evidence that quantum vibrations participate in electron transfer, establishing with ultrafast laser spectroscopy that the vibrations provide channels through which the reaction takes place…. Then, hone your skills and add some dandelion into your business plan. However, if the entire world production were to be based on dandelion rubber, oan area the size of Austria would be needed for its cultivation. or, by Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft. googletag.cmd.push(function() { googletag.display('div-gpt-ad-1449240174198-2'); }); Approximately 40,000 products of everyday life contain natural rubber. document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "aa3c5f17c5daa487594bb7c90d9f40c3" );document.getElementById("d0dcd0727e").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); The display of a smartphone reacts to finger pressure. Moreover, the dandelion is not just suitable for rubber production: the plant also produces substantial quantities of inulin, a natural sweetener. To this end, the scientists developed an eco-friendly technique whereby only the roots are pulverized because the leaves contain very little rubber. Sell it, friend. … more information Accept. Your opinions are important to us. In order to meet growing demands, producers turn rainforest into agricultural land. For their work on the Russian dandelion and its application as a source of natural rubber, Dirk Prüfer, Christian Schulze Gronover and Carla Recker are recipients of the 2015 Joseph von Fraunhofer Prize. Increasing demands and potential problems with a devestating fungus have made natural rubber into a valuable resource. Synthetic rubber is used in the production of countless products, making it an important global resource. Now Professor Dirk Prüfer and his colleague Dr. Christian Schulze Gronover from Fraunhofer IME in Münster are developing Taraxacum kok-saghyz, also known as Russian dandelion, as an efficient replacement for the natural rubber tree. Several freshly-picked dandelions are needed to collect a sufficient quantity of the secretion. The content is provided for information purposes only. Nadya Krasnushkina, Kommersant (Russia) The dandelion rubber used is cultivated, extracted and processed in Germany. But the rubber trees of Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia take years to mature, making it difficult for farmers to react to the ebb and flow of the market and meet surges in demand. and Terms of Use. We do not guarantee individual replies due to extremely high volume of correspondence. However, Germany’s native dandelions don’t produce sufficient quantities of rubber for being industrially viable. But if the disease was to reach epidemic proportions, chemical […] These genetic tools could tell already in a very early stage of plant development if a given plant will possess an efficient rubber production. "I was sitting in a meadow in the Sauerland region in Germany, and it was absolutely covered with dandelions. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this. Read More. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Privacy Policy Your feedback will go directly to Science X editors. Yet the decisive breakthrough to industrial manufacturing is proving to be a tough step. Extraction of natural rubber from the plant was another challenge. ~ Much Love ~ ~ If You Loved This Post, I Know You'll Love These ~ 5 Big Issues with … Currently, rubber is … The dandelion rubber has not caused any allergies so far, making it ideal for use in hospitals. Talk to people and show your passion showing them how to use dandelion to better their lives and maybe their businesses. Dandelion rubber’s quality and performance are nearly identical to that produced by Hevea rubber trees grown in Southeast Asia. You can unsubscribe at any time and we'll never share your details to third parties. This rubber made from this latex is key as it has unique performance attributes that can’t be replicated in synthetic rubber making natural rubber a must for tire production. Most of these products are made from rubber that comes from the rubber tree. Something like 3,000 harvests per tree. Dandelion Rubber from Continental Nominated as One of the Top 3 Projects at the GreenTec Awards 2014. Yet the decisive breakthrough to industrial manufacturing is proving to be a tough step. Rubber from dandelions: Scientists identify key components in the formation of rubber, Near-atomic-scale analysis of frozen water, Characterizing the time-dependent material properties of protein condensates, Some droughts during the Indian monsoon are due to unique North Atlantic disturbances, Network isotopy: A framework to study the 3-D layouts of physical networks, Weathered microplastics found to be more easily absorbed by mouse cells than pristine microplastics, Questions about muriatic acid and hypochlorite sodium, 1420 MHz--- the emission frequency of cold hydrogen gas. Natural rubber, also called India rubber, latex, Amazonian rubber, caucho or caoutchouc, as initially produced, consists of polymers of the organic compound isoprene, with minor impurities of other organic compounds, plus water.Thailand and Indonesia are two of the leading rubber producers. OSU's research on making rubber from the Russian … Search around your markets to see if you can truly make money selling dandelions. Photo courtesy of F raunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME. At the end of the process, water is used to separate the resource from the other substances. Southeast Asia accounts for 95% of global production. However, if the entire world production will be based on dandelion rubber, one would need the size of Austria for its cultivation. Right now we are still deeply dependent on petroleum products. It grows in temperate climates, making it possible to expand natural rubber production into our regions. The latex is allowed to coagulate to form rubber and is then carefully rolled off the finger. The natural rubber tree takes between seven and ten years to deliver the first harvest.”. The change would not only shift Ford away from petroleum-based synthetic rubber, but also use a plant source that can grow easily in the United States. It’s the material that provides extreme elasticity, tensile strength and low-temperature flexibility in products from mattresses and gloves to adhesive tape and tires. The Russian dandelion Taraxacum koksaghyz produces natural rubber of a similar quality. "Dandelions also have the advantage of growing anually. MintJulep (Mechanical) 25 Aug 14 14:26 "The plant is extremely resilient, able to grow in moderate climates and even in soil that is not or just barely suited for the cultivation of food and feed crops," explains Christian Schulze Gronover. Turning dandelions into an industrial rubber crop will require further trait development to make it easier to grow and higher yielding. Currently, all our natural rubber comes from Hevea brasiliensis, a tree that grows under subtropical climate. Dirk Mahler/Fraunhofer. The tires are equivalent to those made from Hevea natural rubber,” says Dr. Carla Recker of Continental. “I was sitting in a meadow in the Sauerland region in Germany, and it was absolutely covered with dandelions. Valuable information can be found on a range of life sciences fields including bacteriology, biochemistry, bionics, bioinformatics, biophysics, biotechnology, genetics, geobotany, human biology, marine biology, microbiology, molecular biology, cellular biology, zoology, bioinorganic chemistry, microchemistry and environmental chemistry. In order to meet growing demands, producers turn rainforest into agricultural land. Neither your address nor the recipient's address will be used for any other purpose. Articles and reports from the Life Sciences area deal with applied and basic research into modern biology, chemistry and human medicine. , a natural sweetener flower off one of them, I was sitting in a meadow in past. 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