Ethology Ethology is concerned with the adaptive, or survival, value of behavior and its evolutionary history (Hinde, 1989). Ethology as a discipline is generally thought of as a sub-category of biology, though psychological theories have been developed based on ethological ideas. Ethology is a branch of biology that focuses on animal behavior. Both can trace their roots to the late nineteenth century. Taking cognitive research away from the isolation of the laboratory allows researchers to develop a richer understanding of cognition. The word ethology comes from the Greek word “ethos” meaning character and “logos” meaning “study of“, and from the Latin word “ethologia” which means “mimicry” or the art of depicting characters by copying behaviors.Ethology involves the study of animal behaviors by observing, describing, and evaluating them in the natural setting. Human ethology is the study of human behavior. ‘The merger of all three traditions influences evolutionary psychology - evolutionary ethology, contextual learning psychology and modular cognitive psychology.’ ‘Many other fields in contemporary human biology are totally ignored (e.g., behavior genetics, ethology, or sociobiology).’ Definition. Ethologists study the animal’s behavior in its natural environment rather than in a laboratory. The origins of ethology can be traced to the work of Darwin. ethology: 1 n the branch of zoology that studies the behavior of animals in their natural habitats Type of: zoological science , zoology the branch of biology that studies animals Human ethology is the study of human behavior. Its ties to experimental psychology are growing stronger as well. Ethology is the scientific study of animal behavior in natural settings (as opposed to laboratory settings which are created by researchers). The bridging between biological sciences and social sciences creates an understanding of human ethology. The goal of cognitive ethology is to research and describe human cognition as it occurs in real-world situations. Ethology historical focusses more on the study of animal behaviour in the wild, and uses systematic observation of behaviour to gather data. Comparative psychology is a subdiscipline of psychology and ethology of biology. It originated in European zoology in the 1930s and revolved around the study of instinctive and fixed-action patterns of behavior. An example of an ethological study would be observing bird calls in the wild and how they influence bird behaviors. sociobiology, evolutionary psychology, attachment theory, and theories about human universals such as gender differences, incest avoidance, mourning, hierarchy and pursuit of possession). It is inductive in nature. Ethology developed out of field zoology (mainly ornithology) and evolutionary theory, and it is closely and increasingly associated with physiology, ecology, population genetics, and behavioral genetics. Imprinting in Psychology: Definition & Concept ... Ethology is a study of behavior based on two core principles: behavior changes to achieve survival (sometimes referred to as an adaptive trait) Ethology. Comparative psychology and ethology are both sciences which study animal behavior, typically nonhuman behavior, though both have often studied humans. Comparative psychology is part of psychology, while ethology is … Ethology paved the way for comparative psychology. 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