They may use them in their notes, projects, essays, speeches etc. It is a mixture of 45% of organic matter, 5% Soil water and Soil air. 8) Radioactive pollutants, hospital waste, laboratories waste, chemical fertilizers, penetrate deep into the soil, reducing its fertility and rendering it infertile. Modern landfills in developed countries are designed to keep harmful chemicals from polluting the water. Soil pollution affects plants, animals and humans alike. 3) All the fertile land on earth is slowly getting polluted day by day through a mixture of toxins released by industries and household components. The other types of pollution also feed into soil pollution. Soil pollution is when there are harmful changes in soil due to adding or dumping of unwanted, harmful pollutants, such as trash and toxic chemicals. Or, sometimes, some contaminants are naturally produced in the soil under the effect of certain environmental conditions. They can even cause cancer. Soil is what covers most of the land on Earth, making it the skin of our planet. 6) Soil pollution completely disturbs soil texture and levels of minerals, bacterial and fungal colonies. Soil pollution is not only the problem in India but it is a global problem. Such addition often decreases the fertility of the soil by reducing its mineral content and thus adversely affects the ecological balance by affecting growth of plant and animal species. - Definition & Lesson for Kids, What is the Greenhouse Effect? As trash decomposes and chemicals seep into soil, this causes harmful short- and long-term effects to the environment and living organisms. Advantages of Self-Paced Distance Learning, Advantages of Distance Learning Compared to Face-to-Face Learning, Top 50 K-12 School Districts for Teachers in Georgia, Those Winter Sundays: Theme, Tone & Imagery. Soil pollution is also a cause of land pollution which affects land as well as other entities like forests of a region, productivity Clay is the smallest mineral component, while sand is the largest. Towards a zero pollution ambition for air, water and soil. Soil pollution is when there are changes in soil caused by the adding or dumping of pollutants. Soil pollution accidental spills, use of landfills Risk of soil and groundwater contamination best [...] practices in storage and [...] handling of chemicals, compliance with landfill permits and legislation (landfill insulation, gas collection and treatment, leachate water treatment). In some places on Earth, a thin layer of soil … These soil experiments for kids are inexpensive and easy science projects, perfect for a classroom lesson or summertime fun. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Kids are more prone to get affected due to this than the adults. There are many things we can do to take care of our soil. 6) Among other pollutants soil also contains carcinogenic materials, which causes cancer to human beings. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. What are the environmental, long-term effects of soil pollution? Since children are more susceptible to diseases, polluted soil poses a greater threat to them. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. 6) When the obnoxious gases contaminate with the clouds, they cause acid rain, which is also a factor of soil pollution. What is soil? Soil pollution or soil contamination is the contamination of soil with harmful substances that can adversely affect the quality of the soil and the health of those living on it. They also ingest soil as they eat whatever plants, fruit, or compost you feed them. At the same time, responsible methods should be used for disposing off the waste. Until recently, the country called its soil contamination a “state secret.” These cards are designed to teach kids about ecology, pollution of the environment and its types. © Copyright White Planet Technologies Pvt. Air pollution has been the target of some of the most complicated and far-reaching legislation ever enacted in the United States. The contamination or degradation of soils impacts heavily on the health of plants. What is land pollution. It is the reason why plants and trees are strong and not easily picked. Types: Activities, Printables, Montessori. 10) To reduce and prohibit soil pollution, all effective control measures, including environmental protection laws, must be followed. We have seen almost every human activity lead to some sort of pollution in one way or another. These points will provide you the information of the reason of soil pollution, its effect on all living beings, about the pollutants and methods to reduce it. What is land pollution. But China has another pollution problem – soil pollution. The pollution of soil changes the complete ecosystem be it microorganisms, plants, animals or humans. Trash is brought to a landfill, where it's buried in soil and left there to decompose, or break down over time. 5) Poisonous pollutants are very dangerous and adversely affect the physical, chemical and biological properties of soil. It's a chain reaction that ultimately affects all living things, causing plants and animals to die and ecosystems to breakdown. Scientific studies and evidences have shown the direct effects of pollution. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. It forces schools to close. It is a serious environmental problem. Learn more about its causes, effects and solutions. These lines are also useful in various types of exams and entrances tests. Soil pollution deals with the contamination or destruction of the topmost ‘soil’ layer of land. See soil pollution stock video clips. Soil is often described using several characteristics including texture, structure, density, temperature, color, consistency, and porosity. A long speech on soil pollution is provided; it is 500 words long. There is also a short speech of 150 words, which is given below. Car accidents can cause oils and gasses to seep into the ground. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. In developing countries, mining, industrial activities, improper disposal of waste, and mechanized agriculture are the main reasons for soil pollution. Natural Soil Pollution occurs mostly by accumulation of compounds containing the perchlorate anions. Industrialization: More and more, population growth requires the production of more goods, resulting in more industrial waste. Log in here for access. Farmers often use fertilizers that have chemicals in them to make food grow bigger and faster. Soil pollution effects may vary based on age, general health status and other factors, such as the type of pollutant or contaminant inhaled or ingested. a) Improper disposal of waste items such as used car batteries b) Mining c) Tanning hides d) Agricultural runoff rich in fertilizers. Its effects are becoming increasingly visible with each passing day, for instance, crop failure. Long and Short Essays on Soil Pollution for Students and Kids in English. - Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts, Sustainable Development within Environmental Limits, Noise Pollution: Sources, Effects & Control Methods, Seed Dispersal Lesson for Kids: Facts & Methods, Natural Resources Lesson for Kids: Definition & Examples, Pollution: Physical, Chemical & Biological, Human Anatomy & Physiology: Help and Review, Middle School Life Science: Help and Review, UExcel Anatomy & Physiology: Study Guide & Test Prep, CSET Science Subtest II Life Sciences (217): Practice & Study Guide, AP Environmental Science: Help and Review, Praxis Chemistry (5245): Practice & Study Guide, STAAR Science - Grade 8: Test Prep & Practice, NES General Science (311): Practice & Study Guide, UExcel Science of Nutrition: Study Guide & Test Prep, Middle School Earth Science: Help and Review, NYSTCE Biology (006): Practice and Study Guide. It is mainly caused directly or indirectly by human’s activities. These different types of pollution cause the fertility of the soil to reduce and mineral content in the soil to be destroyed. Soil is a mixture of minerals and organic material that covers much of Earth’s surface. There are many things you can do to help prevent further soil pollution such as recycling, learning to compost, and planting new trees. Soil also serves as a home for insects, worms, and other burrowing animals. Soil pollution is a phenomenon of land degradation which is caused due to the presence of “Xenobiotic” or human made and “Carcinogenic” or cancerous materials and chemicals into the soil. The presence of an elevated amount of potentially toxic elements (PTE) in the soil compared to the natural level is one of the main reasons for soil pollution (Beesley et al. This means our trash is burned. If plants grow in harmful chemicals, living things end up eating the harmful chemicals. 5) Harmful irrigation practices which cause reduction in fertility of soil is also one of the causes of soil pollution. The soil pollution effects are also for humans due to the inhalation of gases emitted from soil moving upward. Soil pollution is defined as the phenomenon of addition of various harmful chemicals, salts, microorganisms and other toxic substances into the top layer of the soil. 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You can minimize the amount of trash you are throwing out by reusing and recycling. These chemicals can cause short- and long-term health effects, from skin rashes and headaches to kidney and liver damage. Soil Pollution S.Keerthanan BS-1121 EU/IS/2009/BS/97 2. We'll also learn ways that we can prevent soil pollution. Services. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. 2011). Long Essay on Soil Pollution 600 Words in English. This Soil Science Experiment with Kids is the perfect introduction to botany and gardening for kids. This new set of Ten Lines on Soil Pollution will also help the students in many ways. Soil pollution happens when soil contaminants exceed a certain threshold amount that could pose a risk to human health and ecosystem or are simply above the natural background levels.. What is soil? Another place the trash can go is into an incinerator. Probably not. It contains inorganic matter, organic matter, water, air and many living organisms. 9 Devastating Effects of Soil Pollution The contamination or degradation of soils impacts heavily on the health of plants. 9) Soil pollution is very dangerous for health because toxic chemicals enter the body through the food chain and spoil the entire internal body. Mark Hodson, Soil pollution and its impact on soil life 34 Summary • Pollutants are generated by all sorts of human activities • Soil pollution is a wide spread problem • Pollutants have to be “bioavailable” to cause harm • Impacts occurs from the molecular to ecosystem scale • Quantification is by controlled testing and comparisons 1) Food grains, vegetables and fruits which will grow in the contaminated soil will absorb all the harmful chemicals resulting in the sickness of human being. Soil pollution is a reality today with as severe repercussions as water and air pollution. It is important to understand that land pollution is not just littering, although it is a part of the issue. The harmful chemicals that can get into the soil and water can cause cancers, deformities, and skin problems. ), they naturally come to want to protect our water sources from pollution. Land pollution refers to all forms of pollution affecting any type of soil: agricultural, forestry, urban, etc. Soil pollution can be defined as the increase of persistent toxic elements in the soil like the presence of chemicals, salts, disease-causing agents, radioactive wastes, or anything that changes the soil’s quality and causes an adverse effect in the growth of the plant and on human health. All rights reserved. Polluted soil can harm humans by making contact with the soil or consuming vegetation produce from contaminated soils. 1) Soil pollution can be said as contamination of harmful chemicals into the soil. China’s air pollution is infamous. Humans are also affected in numerous ways either directly or indirectly. Furthermore, you can add these lines in your speech and presentation which is going to be held in school. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. A soil is polluted when it contains an abnormal concentration of chemical compounds potentially dangerous to human health, plants or animals. Soil is not as solid as rock. It doesn't just disappear. This forth set of Ten Lines on Soil Pollution will enhance the knowledge of the avid readers about this environmental degradation. Would you want to swim in polluted water? 4) Most common chemicals which are responsible for soil pollution are petroleum, carbon compounds, lead, and heavy metals. Contamination of soil will decrease the agricultural output of a land. 7) It directly affects the living organisms of the soil and reduces the fertility level of the soil. Subjects: English Language Arts, Vocabulary, Earth Day. This lesson will teach you about soil pollution. Generally, it is caused by industrialization, pesticides and insecticides used in agricultural field and irregular waste disposal. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. We can stop soil pollution by producing our own energy by our waste products which are called bio-gas. Some of the newest landfills … With the amount of waste human continue to produce, with the addition of many other factors, soil pollution is a serious and growing problem. So, soil pollution can directly affect agriculture, which may result in a scarcity of food. succeed. It is a state of emergency to control the decontamination in soil, air and water. One of the most important properties of soil is the texture. In addition, the science involved is complex (Science for Environment Policy, 2012). The healthy soil has a valuable asset. There are different types of soil pollution, namely agricultural soil pollution, industrial waste causing soil pollution, urbanization causing soil pollution. 7) Leakage of fuel or petrol from vehicles spread out on earth; when rain occurs, they go deep inside the soil and contaminate it. Soil pollution harbours a broad spectrum of negative consequences that affect plants, animals, humans, and the ecosystem as a whole. Soil pollution also results in air pollution, spreading hazardous dust elements in the air that cause various health problems when breathed by living beings. Children are more vulnerable than adults to pollution as their immune system is still developing. 4) The major sources of soil pollution are industrial waste, urban waste, chemical pollutants, metal pollutants, biological agents, radioactive pollutants, incorrect agricultural practices etc. Soil provides support and nutrients for plant growth. His articles are serving best to the students as he always put his best efforts. 10) As we know that soil is an important component of earth in which the trees, plants and all types of food are grown but contamination destroys this asset. So, first – What is Soil Pollution? It is defined as the build-up in soils of persistent toxic compounds, chemicals, salts, radioactive materials, or disease causing agents, It occurs due to rapid growth in industrial development, intensive agriculture and other anthropogenic activities. It is a state of emergency to control the decontamination in soil, air and water. So, plants will rely more on fertilization and watering. - Lesson for Kids, What is Energy Conservation? Harmful chemicals get mixed with the soil and make it infertile. - Lesson for Kids, Renewable Energy Lesson for Kids: Sources & Types, Tropical Rainforest Biome Facts: Lesson for Kids, Biome Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts, Recycling Lesson for Kids: Facts & Definition, Antarctica Lesson for Kids: Facts & Weather, Carbon Dioxide Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts, Earth's Inner Core Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts, Lakes Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts, Malaria Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts, Non-Renewable Energy Facts: Lesson for Kids, Nuclear Energy Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts, Solar Energy Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts, Water Conservation Lesson for Kids: Facts & Importance, Wetland Lesson for Kids: Facts & Ecosystem, Wind Energy Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts, Forest Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts, Why Are Rainforests Important? Soil pollution is caused by man-made, harmful chemicals penetrating the earth and causing deterioration. Soil pollution is caused by man-made, harmful chemicals penetrating the earth and causing deterioration. Soil also serves as a home for insects, worms, and other burrowing animals. Soil contains sand, silt, and clay. 9) Soil pollution kills the productivity and fertility of soil left with harmful chemicals, the yields of that soil will make us sick. 2) Because of the technological progress it is getting increasingly difficult to keep the soil pure and fertile. Study.com has thousands of articles about every 5) Industrial waste released by industrial processes consists of organic, inorganic and non-biodegradable materials that have potential to change the physio-chemical and biological characteristics of soil. Soil pollution occurs due to untreated disposal of industrial wastes into soil; it has high toxic contaminants, which leads to soil pollution. One of the prime causes of increased soil pollution is industrialization. Different kinds of land pollution have been known to have adverse affects on the health of animals and humans. What is soil pollution? 7) Soil pollution also affects a country’s economy as when the land becomes barren due to soil pollution, leading into the loss of agriculture and allied activities. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Soil is what covers most of the land on Earth, making it the skin of our planet. Large factories might have leaks or even intentionally dump harmful chemicals. The more like sand a soil is the less water it can hold. myllykoskisalesinternational.net. Science projects for kids: soil experiments are great educational tools that keep children engaged and teach lasting lessons. Landfills Landfills are areas where garbage is placed in the land. The sources of soil pollution are not always in the close vicinity and could be located far from the polluted soil. 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