It all started with a Carthaginian leader by the name of Hannibal Barca. Scipio Africanus Goes to North Africa 204 BC. Battles . During this same time period the Romans had defeated the Carthage forces in Iberia and took control of the area. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Hannibal scared the Romans by invading them over the mountains from Hispania with war elephants. The Second Punic war “was the greatest and most dangerous one Rome was compelled to fight on their way to the conquest of the Mediterranean. Second Punic War begins. The government of Carthage was divided over their support for Hannibal in Spain and they were not really in favor of another war with Rome. Scipio defeated the remaining Carthaginian forces in Spain, which placed Spain under Roman control. As the second in the series of three wars between the two nations, the Hannibalic War was a war of great struggle that filled all of Rome with fear for their lives and for losing all they had established. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. Realizing that wasn't to be, he taught hatred of Rome to his son Hannibal. This war was the second instalment of the Punic War’s between the Romans and the Carthage Empire and is most well known for the command of the Carthage forces by Hannibal. Zonaras. It began in 218 B.C., and continued through 201 B.C. Polybius. Hannibal, annum agens vicesium aetatis, erat dux Carthaginiensium, qui pugnavit Saguntum in Hispania cum L milium copiis et XX milium equiis.Romani Hannibalem … Question. Once in Italy Hannibal tried to draw the Roman army under Flaminius into battle but the Romans did not take the bait. Leaving 20,000 troops with his brother Hasdrubal, Hannibal went farther north on the Rhone River than the Romans expected and crossed the river with his elephants on flotation devices. N.S. In fact the war is so well known for Hannibal that it is also known as The War Against Hannibal. This meant he had 30,000 troops by the time he met the Romans in battle. Carthage needed a solution to improve its weakened economy, after receiving a heavy blow with the loss of Sicily. The Second Punic War was fought between 218-201 BCE. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Profile of Hannibal, Rome's Greatest Enemy, The Death of Carthaginian General Hannibal Barca, The Third Punic War and Carthago Delenda Est, The 8 Biggest Military Defeats Suffered by Ancient Rome, The Revolt of the Gauls From Caesar's Gallic Wars, M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota, not make war without the permission of Rome. In 226 BC, however, Hasdrubal the Fair signed a treaty with Rome that acknowledged Carthage's control of Hispania south of the Ebro River. He was raised by his father, a leader in the First Punic War, to hate Rome wholeheartedly. Summary of the Protective Eye of Horus Symbol, Ten Worst Terrorist Acts of the Past Decade. Titus Livius (Livy). Meanwhile, Scipio invaded North Africa. Chapter III 183. The Second Punic War 218 -202 BC. This move caused Flaminius to quickly retreat back, little did he know that the Carthage forces were laying in wait. The great … The solution was a military expedition to obtain the riches of the Iberian Peninsula. Chronologically, Rome's First Macedonian War fits in around here (215-205), when Hannibal allied with Philip V of Macedonia. Scipio Africanus Conquers Spain 206 BC. After being soundly beaten in the First Punic Wars the Carthage Empire wished to regain some respect and its lands so decided to take the fight to the Romans.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'thefinertimes_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_4',151,'0','0'])); In 219 BC Hannibal took a force to Iber where he laid siege to the city of Saguntum. Second Punic War Background Carthaginian-Macedonian Treaty. The Second Punic War is known as Hannibal’s War or against Hannibal. 3. The Second Punic War broke out in B.C. This was also the case because the Carthage Navy was annihilated in the First Punic War by the Romans and thus did not want a repeat performance. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. Search for an answer or ask Weegy. Chapter I - The Second Punic War 1. In the Battle of Cannae he destroyed the biggest army the Romans had ever used. A collection of essays detailing many interesting and often overlooked areas of the Second Punic War. Hannibal carried on moving through Northern Italy with the Romans unable to stop him. It is here where the Romans decided for Hannibal as they realised they would be unable to stop him in Italy after 15 years there and made their own voyage to Africa and attacked the heart of Carthage. At the Battle of Cannae, the Romans lost thousands of troops, including their leader. The Second Punic War, or the Hannibalic War, had begun. Updated March 08, 2017 Ultimately, Rome won the Second Punic War, but it was not a foregone conclusion. He didn't have as much manpower as the Romans, but he counted on the support and alliance of Italian tribes unhappy with Rome. 207. The first was the bitterness and anger of Hamilcar Barca at the end of the First Punic War when he was forced to surrender … In the interim between the First and Second Punic Wars (also known as the Hannibalic War), the Phoenician hero and military leader Hamilcar Barca conquered much of Spain, while Rome took Corsica. I found this to be essential to my understanding of the war - Lazenby's Was Maharbal Right and Sabin's Mechanics of Warfare in the Second Punic War were my favorites of this. Before heading to Italy, he left his brother Hasdrubal in southern Spain and Hanno in the north. The Second Punic War or the Hannibalic War lasted sixteen years from 218 BC to 202 BC and was fought between the two major powers of Rome and Carthage. Historical Background As the Second Punic War began (218 BC), Hannibal first conquered northern Spain. The interval between the First and Second Punic Wars (241–218 bce) The loss of naval supremacy not only deprived the Carthaginians of their predominance in the western Mediterranean but exposed their overseas empire to disintegration under renewed attacks by Rome. Most of the leadership in Cartha… Chapter II 77. This was the second major war between Carthage and the Roman Republic and its allied Italic socii, with the crucial participation of Numidian-Berber armies and tribes on both sides. Hannibal set off for Rome through the Alps with 90,000 soldiers and 12,000 cavalry. Use the help below. The Second Punic War was often known as Hannibal’s War in Rome.It was in a real sense the personal war of Hannibal. At the end of the First Punic War in 241 BC, Carthage was besieged by its own army of mercenaries, whom they could no longer afford to pay due to the long war and large indemnity paid to the Romans. The Second Punic War broke out in B.C. Foster, Benjamin Oliver Ph.D., Ed., Perseus Digital Library, Tufts University, 1929. Ancient History Sourcebook, Fordham University, April 12, 2019. With troops from Gaul and Spain on his side, Hannibal won another battle, at Cannae, against Lucius Aemilius. At the end of the First Punic War, in B.C. See Second Punic War Battles. 2 vols. The Second Punic War was a war led by Hannibal for Carthage and Scipio Africanus for Rome. Gold and silver helped pave the way. The Second Punic War Second Punic War (218-201 BC) In 219 BC, Hannibal laid siege to Saguntum, a coastal city in northeast Hispania that enjoyed a long-standing treaty of friendship with Rome. Third Punic War + Third Punic War Links. "The Battle of Cannae, 216 BCE." Hannibal established alliances with the tribes in the eastern Iberian Peninsula thanks to his diplomatic skills. Second Punic War, also called Second Carthaginian War, second (218–201 bce) in a series of wars between the Roman Republic and the Carthaginian (Punic) empire that resulted in Roman hegemony over the western Mediterranean. Hannibal ravaged Italy with impunity for 14 years, defeating every Roman army sent out to meet him. However, the Senate in Carthage refused to send in enough troops to enable Hannibal to win. Updated 1 day ago|12/7/2020 11:07:35 PM. For 17 years the two states struggled for supremacy, primarily in Italy and Iberia, but also on the islands of Sicily and Sardinia and, towards the end of the war, in North Africa. ” With 17 years of battle causing heavy casualties to be suffered on both sides, the Second Punic War has proven to be an important time period in the Roman and Carthaginian empires. See Carthaginian-Macedonian Treaty. The Carthaginians, under the military leadership of their general, Hannibal, marched into Italy and won several battle. Scipio's stringent terms of surrender were to: The terms included an additional, difficult proviso: This meant that the Carthaginians could be put in a position where they might not be able to defend their own interests. Chapter IV 238. pay Rome 10,000 talents over the next 50 years. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'thefinertimes_com-banner-1','ezslot_2',146,'0','0']));Hannibal regrouped his forces and made his way north into Gaul (present day France) and moved along the coasts before a Roman Navy force followed them to the Rhine. The Start of the Second Punic War 218 BC. Polybius gives us three events that led to the Second Punic War, and none of these events actually involved Hannibal himself. Get an answer. Hannibal won battles in Trebia and at Lake Trasimene and then continued through the Apennine Mountains that run down through much of Italy like a spine. http://becausegamesmatter.com Support our Patreon to create more Extra History! Library of History, The University of Chicago, 2019. Hannibal, who no longer had an adequate cavalry, was unable to follow his preferred tactics. The Second Punic War started in 218 BC and continued until 202 BC. The Second Punic War, also referred to as The Hannibalic War and (by the Romans) the War Against Hannibal, lasted from 218 to 201 BC and involved combatants in the western and eastern Mediterranean. Rating. Hannibal reached the Po Valley with less than half his men. Hannibal's War: A Military History of the Second Punic War: Lazenby, J. F.: 9780806130040: Books - Amazon.ca More than 10,000 Carthaginians died at the Battle of Metaurus in B.C. The Barcid was the main driver of the conflict between Carthage and Rome. It lasted seventeen years, from 218 BC. Second Punic War. The Romans never once sent any help to Saguntum even though there were many requests. What was the cause of the second punic war? When Flaminius neared Hannibal ordered the attack an in one manoeuvre nearly all the Roman army was routed and Flaminius was killed this was the battle of Lake Trasimene. The Romans, meanwhile, built up their strength and eventually counterattacked, leading to a Roman victory. 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