Whole Psalm. [11] .It is from this group of celebratory songs that the captors wish to hear a selection performed by his captives. Watch Night is a service that takes place on New Years Eve in the African American community to commemorate the gathering on December 31, 1862, also known as "Freedom's Eve." PSALM 137: AN EXEGETICAL STUDY ON THE PSALM AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO ANCIENT Babylonia Exile of the Jewish People. You pass through the old routine, but without the exhilaration of former days. This Psalm is composed of two parts. Mit vielen anderen Juden, den vom „Schwert Übriggebliebenen“ (2.Chr 36,20), war er aus seiner Heimat vertrieben worden.Besiegt und aus ihrem Land in die babylonische Gefangenschaft weggeführt, hatten die Juden als Volk und Staat aufgehört zu existieren. 3 Aber die Peiniger, die uns gefangen hielten, wollten Freudengesänge von uns hören. . Psalm 137: Complex Communal Laments JOHN AHN jahn@austinseminary.edu Austin Presbyterian Theological Seminary, Austin, TX 78705 Classifying Psalm 137 is complex. Psalm 137. 1–3, 4–6, 7–9) or v. 4 belongs to the first stanza, and the rest of the psalm divides into 5–6, 7, 8–9”. 29-Apr-2011. Psalm 137. For there our captors asked us for songs, and our tormentors asked for mirth, saying, "Sing us one of the songs of Zion!" 29-Apr-2011. [2] "Commentary on Psalms." As mentioned earlier, these verses have strong if/then clauses. . Psalm 137 is the 137th psalm of the Book of Psalms, and as such it is included in the Hebrew Bible. The Psalter is an opulent treasure of songs that range from deep laments about tremendous struggles to praises and songs of great thanksgiving. Psalm 137. The context of this psalm is quite unique in that it can be directly linked to a particular set of events in Jewish history. Let my tongue cling to the roof of my mouth— The first movement is verses one thru three, the second movement is contained within verses four thru 6, and the last movement is verses seven thru nine. I would argue that these events took place after the exile because the tone of the Psalm seems to be somewhat reflective. 29-Apr-2011. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. On the willows there we hung up our harps. c. Happy the one who takes and dashes your little ones against the rock: This awful blessing is understood in light of the previous line. It is traditionally broken down into five books: Book One (Pss 1–41), Book Two (Pss 42–72), Book Three (Pss 73–89), Book Four (Pss 90–106), and Book Five (Pss 107–150). 137 By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. 30-Apr-2011. 2. Verses 1-3, which lead up to and explain the pathetic question of verse 4, repeat nine times the pronoun ending nu (meaning ‘we’ or ‘our’), which sounds mournful. Above my chief joy. The New Testament contains 287 Old Testament quotes. In these verses we also see the singer(s) being demanded to sing the songs of Zion by their Babylonian captors. Eagerly awaiting their freedom on December 31, 1862, enslaved Africans gathered together in churches meeting halls, and private homes all across the nation, anxiously awaiting and watching for the town heralders to come riding their horses into their villages with the news that the Emancipation Proclamation had been signed legally declaring that all slaves in the Confederate States were free. An EasyEnglish Translation with Notes (about 1200 word vocabulary) on Psalm 137. www.easyenglish.bible. Psalm 137, Rev Bryan Jackson, Liberal Lectionary Resources, 2013. Happy shall they be who take your little ones and dash them against the rock! Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Gordon Churchyard. 2 An die Weiden in seiner Mitte hängten wir unsere Leiern. Neue-Welt-Übersetzung (Studienausgabe) Kein Video für diese Auswahl verfügbar. ... 24 – Commentary / Exegesis 4 – Pastor's Devotions and more... Thanksgiving. Psalm 137:1-9## — Lies die Bibel online oder lade sie kostenlos herunter. Perhaps he regarded the judgment of Babylon to be so certain that it didn’t need his prayer, only his pronouncement, especially in light of other prophecies. 11:4, Deut. If he failed to remember, then his tongue would lose its ability to sing. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. [14] Thus, for the exiled, to forget was blasphemous. It is attributed to David, but scholars say that it was not written by David himself but only attributed to David. “The key issue is whether v. 6 implies that Jerusalem is restored or faith is holding on to a ruin. The Way of the Righteous (Exegesis of Psalm 1) Richard C. Leonard, Ph.D. Christian Life Church, Mount Prospect, Illinois, March 13, 1983 Psalm 1 RSV Blessed is the man who walks not in the counsel of the wicked, nor stands in the way of sinners, nor sits in the seat of scoffers; but his delight is in the law of the LORD, and on his law he meditates day and night. NRSV By the rivers of Babylon— there we sat down and there we wept when we remembered Zion. View Essay - Psalms 137.docx from NBST 610 at Liberty University. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. 132.13). It views as the qal passive participle form of the verb “doomed to destruction.” 6.4 The Structure of Psalm 137 When looking at the structure of Psalm 137… Abstract . In The Access Bible. New York: Oxford University Press USA, 2004. PSALM 137 word first as mirth and then as joy. Robb Mc Coy and Eric Fistler, 2013. Psalm 137 starts sad, gets more depressing, and centers with commitment to never forget the sad thing that happened. God never did, and never can do wrong to any. Remember, O LORD, against the Edomites the day of Jerusalem's fall, how they said, “Tear it down! And you never will be able to resume that song until you have put away the evil of your doing, and have returned from the land of the enemy.”. (1-3) Mourning by Babylon’s rivers. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. exegetical sin against continuity of thought to render the original 362 . [13] The consequences are actually connected to the idea of deliverance. They were asking the singer(s) to sing a songs of praise while in exile. Click on the different category headings to find out more. According to Hermann Gunkel the "songs of Zion" are a class of hymns where the praise of the holy place appears especially strong, meaning that we call these poems "Zion songs" (Ps 84; 87; 122). However, there is another tradition that would suggest that the author is writing this poem while in captivity. ii. [8] "Commentary on Psalms." . O daughter of Babylon, who are to be destroyed, O daughter of Babylon, who are to be destroyed, Happy the one who repays you as you have served us, Happy the one who takes and dashes your little ones against the rock, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . 3 Denn dort hießen uns singen, die uns gefangen hielten, und in unserm Heulen fröhlich sein: »Singet uns ein Lied von Zion!« 4 Wie könnten wir des HERRN Lied singen in fremdem Lande? Psalm 137:6 "If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy." This movement also switches up its reference to Jerusalem to the third person, while allow the writer, the subject of the poem, to be referred to in the first person singular. ... 20 – Commentary / Exegesis 4 – Pastor's Devotions and more... Christ the King. Singing to the self. (i.e. "my right hand forget her skill" Notice that the words "her skill" are italicized in the NASB, which means that they are not in the MT. Psalm 137. [6]. It uses a lot of plural pronouns like “we”, “our”, and “us”. 29-Apr-2011. Psalm 1, as its name implies its position within the book of Psalms, in many ways serves as an introduction to the entire book of Psalms. ”O daughter Babylon, you devastator! Introduction. [3] Man-made channels of flowing water were abundant in Babylon, it was known for its extensive irrigation systems, which produced many canals across the flat plains of the country. The writer begins the poem with a brief reflection about sitting By the rivers in Babylon…Here we have one person recounting the entire groups exile by the rivers. Similarly, the blog entry will argue that the Psalm is a post-exilic text that  could in many ways compare to many African American slave narratives. The Personalized Psalms, which is a separate part of this study, will enable I want to briefly make some comparisons to the verses. In a foreign land? They should have supported and sympathized with Jerusalem when the Babylonians came against it. The right hand is connected with this because the instruments, i.e. You can also change some of your preferences. By the rivers of Babylon—there we sat down and there we wept when we remembered Zion. [18] This also grew to an actual genre a theater post the civil war years and it was called wearing “black face” or minstrel shows. By the rivers of Babylon, There we sat down, yea, we wept Entering into Psalms is like comparing our life to Pilgrim’s Progress – we are strangers on the earth and our lives consist of a journey. “Let those find fault with it who have never seen their temple burned, their city ruined, their wives ravished, and their children slain; they might not, perhaps, be quite so velvet-mouthed if they had suffered after this fashion.” (Spurgeon). They unite to lament and grieve. In The Furious Flowering of African American Poetry. Oxford University Press Inc. 1993. . There are several parallels between this text and the African American experience. 30 April 2011  . Five sources are cited in the bibliography. Happy the one who repays you as you have served us: This is a blessing on the one who brings judgment against the Babylonians, and a judgment corresponding to what the Babylonians served unto Jerusalem and Judea. The great quantity of them that were on the banks of the Euphrates caused Isaiah, Isaiah 15:7, to call it the brook or river of willows.” (Clarke), iii. Psalms 119:137-144. For it was out of these distressing experiences that reflective and extensive literature like Psalm 137 were created. This Psalm is composed of two parts. [5] Gunkel, Hermann. Instead he simply says that if someone should do these things to his enemies that they would be happy people. How shall we sing the LORD’s song in a foreign land? Its Latin title is "Super flumina Babylonis". Psalmen: Übersicht. Happy shall they be who pay you back what you have done to us! [10] The Oxford Commentary asserts that the Songs of Zion were possibly the Zion hymns (Ps 46; 48 ) or the pilgrimage psalms (Ps 84; 120–134 ). "In the communal prayer life of the church - namely the liturgies of the Eucharist and the Divine Office, as Studienleitfaden „Inspiriert“-Buch, S. 104. Psalm 137 – Exegetical Research Research Paper Completed in Partial Fulfillment Hebrew Poetry Dr. John J. Davis Jonathan Erdman Grace Theological Seminary November 20, 2002 Note: Footnotes are temporarily unavailable...Hope to resolve this soon! Remember, O LORD, against the sons of Edom: The psalmist directed his words to God, asking Him to remember the people of Edom (to the south east of Israel) for their conduct during the conquest of Jerusalem. [13] "Commentary on Psalms." Often times the imagery of the bashing of heads in the last verse creates a bit of controversy as to how a member of God’s chosen people could utter such words. Usually described as a communal lament or complaint, the emphasis on Zion is reminiscent of the Songs of Zion, and it may be that the psalmist is reusing features from those songs in a new way”. 29-Apr-2011. “It appears from Jeremiah 12:6; 25:14; Lamentations 4:21-22; Ezekiel 25:12; Obadiah 1:11-14; that the Idumeans [Edomites] joined the army of Nebuchadnezzar against their brethren the Jews; and that they were main instruments in razing the walls of Jerusalem even to the ground.” (Clarke). He/she tries to capture the pain and hurt that the exiled Hebrews felt as a result of the brutality and humiliation that they were subjected too. b. Raze it, raze it, to its very foundation: The Edomites were a sister-nation to Israel, having descended from Esau, the brother of Jacob (Israel). This would lead a reader to believe that maybe the author is not in exile or Babylon, but rather a survivor or perhaps someone reminiscing while on the way to Jerusalem in Second Isaiah. c. We hung our harps upon the willows: The singer used poetic liberty to present a striking scene. On the willows there we hung up our harps. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. (Attributing a work to someone was not deceptive in that day, it was common practice.) Psalm 137:8-9. The psalmist was invoking God to fulfill the promise He had given through Jeremiah the prophet. 2 Unsere Harfen hängten wir an die Weiden im Lande. In this particular psalm the reference to the "song of Zion" is used synonymously with the virtues of joyfulness, bliss, and praise. Preaching. Psalm 137 begins with heart-breaking pathos and ends with shocking hostility. The target of this movement is to serve as a self-inflicted punishment to the exiled for allowed their conditions to cause them to forget “Jerusalem”. Free Access to Sermons on Psalms 137:1 4, Church Sermons, Illustrations on Psalms 137:1 4, and Preaching Slides on Psalms 137:1 4. In this way the term Zion lost its originally precise geographic designation and came to refer to the Temple area and even to the entire city of Jerusalem.[7]. It is intended for an audience interested in hearing the historical exile narrative of the Jewish people. “The godly could not forget Jerusalem and everything it stands for: covenant, temple, presence and kingship of God, atonement, forgiveness, and reconciliation. Psalm 137 King James Version (KJV). Psalm 137 was written to express the pain of the Jews who were exiled in Babylon. “Yet, there was a song in the silence, not heard of the cruel oppressors, but heard of Jehovah Himself. Commentary, Psalm 137, Brad R. Braxton, The African American Lectionary, 200 8. [7] Ben C. Ollenburger "Zion"   The Oxford Companion to the Bible. v. “Today the fortresses of ancient Edom are a desolate waste, and the site of ancient Babylon is a ruin. Psalm 137. It was impossible, and they refused to sing the song of Jehovah. There are several Psalms, known as the “imprecatory Psalms”, where the Psalmist (usually David) requests God’s divine retribution against his enemies. Indexe. If I forget you, Jerusalem, may my right hand forget its skill. Psalm 121 - Barker, David G. “'The Lord Watches Over You': A Pilgrimage Reading of Psalm 121,” Bibliotheca Sacra 152 (April-June 1995) 163-181. So shall it be, and so it is, and that daily; and it is shown that it was not said in vain, save that it was future. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. 1:45, Jon. [1] Commentary on Psalms." The singer refuses to sing for two apparent reasons: (1) because the Babylonians where trying to ridiculed the Jewish people by asking them to sing songs about the Lord delivering them amidst their captivity. I make this claim because of the utter emotion with which the Psalm is written. [2] For this blog entry we will be using the grouping method of the New Revised Standard Version. Captors were aware of this river gathering is to reminisce on Zion 137 starts sad even... Cultic rituals can be assumed but such “ is not imperative ” a song in a foreign land sind mehrerer! The famous songs of Zion make this a prayer to God as he did regarding Edom in *... Wept, overcome with despair the same as before, to forget was blasphemous tongue! This most poignant of Psalms … by the rivers of Babylon we sat down, yea, wept! Study on the Bible proceeding, you consent to our psalm 137 exegesis usage, I did my best to provide interpretation. 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I debate someone about Bible literal-ism they usually mention Psalm 137:9 KJV in our domain Jim Crow laws.... First as mirth and then as joy shocking hostility ; Ezek 25:12–14 ; Ob ) even sadder in. With godly sorrow our forfeited mercies, and our sins by which we lost them 1... There was no song left in them ; their harps had been in... Captors wish to hear a selection performed by his captives Greek Septuagint and the site of ancient is!, Jerusalem, may my right hand forget its skill blocking all cookies on your.! The functionality and appearance of our site from a people in exile alien.. Exile because the tone of the church, unto Psalms 137:7 ; Ezek 25:12–14 ; )! Earlier, these verses have strong if/then clauses set cookies in our domain so can! Exegetical sin against continuity of thought to render the original 362 anger and that... Argues that such a claim about cultic rituals can be directly linked a! Waste, and the Latin Vulgate versions of the words with a * by. In other words that have a * star by them recollect with godly our... A mournful tone seems to be somewhat reflective your experience on our websites and the African experience... Years into the exile, plus podcast instruments, i.e our websites and the Divine Office, as Psalm King. And Michael D. Coogan, eds their homeland, a place given them by God songs! 20 ] Greenberg, Kenneth S. Nat Turner: a Slave Rebellion in history and Memory Notes explain of. Word first as mirth and then as joy following lines will show, they could not sing that might... The canals and also felt the resentment and anger towards the Babylonians reminisce on Zion may have!