Farmers and vendors often use artificial ripening agents to control the rate of fruit ripening. Consumption of fruits ripened artificially using calcium carbide may cause serious health hazards. Context: Recently, the Delhi High Court has observed that use of chemicals to ripen fruits amounts to poisoning the somebody. Ripe fruits are not suitable to carry and distribute as they get rotten. The fruits become soft, change in colour, and develop characteristic aroma and flavour, with an increase in sugar level and reduction in acid content. However, health benefits of fruits depend on how they are ripened. However, because of the potential health hazards related to the ripening agents, artificial fruit ripening process is highly debat-able throughout the world. The Commissioner Food Safety / Food (Health) Authority of States/U.Ts. Artificial ripening of fruits posing health hazards . Fruits, particularly of the exotic varieties, that need to be transported for large distances before they reach the consumers, are often picked up before they become ripened. Artificial ripening of fruits speeds up the rate of process but the nutritional quality, sensory and safety of the fruits are affected (Hossain, Akhtar, & Anwar, 2015;Nura, Dandago, & Wali, 2018). The naturally ripened fruit becomes sweeter, less green, soft and more palatable. Among all these, most commonly used ripening agent is calcium carbide but its use is discouraged due to its health hazards effects as it contains traces of phosphorus and arsenic. Ripening of fruits with calcium carbide and other ripening agents has become a trend among fruits sellers in Nigeria. The effect of artificial ripening has become questionable because of various health-related issues. The fruit sellers referred to the report of the public analysis conducted by the state Ministry of Health on the use of carbide in ripening fruits which concluded the practice was safe. Farmers and vendors often use artificial ripening agents to control the rate of fruit ripening. Fruit ripening process can also be stimulated by applying artificial fruit ripening agents. People who eat fruits as part of an overall healthy diet generally have a reduced risk of chronic diseases.The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends five servings of fruits and vegetables every day for a … A group of researchers led by the head of the food science and technology department of Pondicherry University said that they have developed a simple, fast and cost-effective method to detect artificial ripening of fruits by calcium carbide. Artificial ripening of fruits. It is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by FDA. These enzymes convert complex polysaccharides into simple sugars and make the skin of the fruits soft. So fruit traders pick unripe fruits and use certain methods to increase the shelf life of them, which may come with many health hazards. The time of exposure to initiate ripening may vary but for climacteric fruits exposure for 24 hrs. After proper maturity, fruits ripen in nature by using many physical and biochemical events. have been advised to keep strict vigil to check the use of carbide gas and other hazardous chemicals for ripening of fruits and colouring of fruits and vegetables and to take … Ethylene being a natural hormone, does not pose any health hazard for consumers of fruits. is usually sufficient. Fruit ripening process can also be stimulated by applying artificial fruit ripening agents. (2013), in his paper, Bitter Truth about Fruit with Reference to Artificial Ripener also joins the chorus in highlighting the harmful effects of these chemicals and states that, “If pregnant women consume fruit ripened … By Dr Renu Agrawal Mysore: Fruits are a good source of vitamins and minerals, and play an important role in preventing vitamin C and vitamin A deficiencies. The high demand and commercialization of the food industry FBOs are using artificial ripening for early availability in the market. However, because of the potential health hazards related to the ripening agents, artificial fruit ripening process is highly debatable throughout the world. Calcium carbide, used to ripen mangoes, is extremely hazardous and can have short-term as well as long-term health effects, said S. Krishna, the Chennai Corporation’s additional health officer. A study published in Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public has demonstrated possible health hazards of fruit ripeners. The rapid ripening of fruits by gases of incomplete combustion—the so-called bivalent compounds—has been known for ages; long ago the Chinese used incense fumes to ripen pears. The fast ripening of fruits means they may contain various harmful properties. They spray chemicals either on fruit trees or directly on fruits after plucking them down to induce artificial ripening in them. ARTIFICIAL RIPENING . This is done to ensure that they do not get spoiled during transportation. • Ethylene plays a vital role in natural ripening of fruits. Food and health security must be the top most priority of any Government towards its citizens. The World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends five servings of fruits and vegetables every day for a healthy living. These make them ripe quickly along with enhancing their color, texture and flavor. Nowadays fruits are deliberately being contaminated by chemicals causing serious health hazards. The best course will be to allow them to ripen on the plant itself. Whereas in the case of artificial ripening, fruit ripening agents promote ripening … Unfortunately, farmers have been using artificial ripening agents on fruits and vegetables to induce artificial ripening in them. They don’t wait for them to ripen naturally. www.fssai.gov.in and social media handles. However, even today, it has been found that fruit and vegetable vendors in most countries uses chemicals to ripen up the fruits and vegetables. Its level in under-ripe fruit is very low, but as the fruits develop, they produce larger amounts of the chemical that speeds up the ripening process. The only safe and worldwide accepted method is using ethylene. The purpose of the study is to address the safe protocol for quick ripening, health related issues associated with artificial ripening, and report current research findings of the food value assessment of artificially ripened fruits. Generally, 80 per cent fruits are artificially ripened through various ripening agents (chemicals) but inappropriate use of these chemicals is associated with many health hazards. In artificial ripening, this process is mimicked using chemicals. A consultant nutritionist and food safety expert based in Lagos State, Adebowale Temitope, warned that the practice of ripening fruits with chemical substances was harmful to human health. And again, another renowned scholar, Dhembare, A. J. Nutritionists, public health officials and medical experts, interviewed by NAN, have warned of the dangers in artificial ripening of fruits. Share: ... Babar Saleem, a farmer revealing the methods of artificial ripening said that fruits were being matured through commercial methods like calcium carbide wrapped in a cloth or paper placed at the bottom of the basket. People who eat fruits as part of an overall healthy diet generally have a reduced risk of chronic diseases. It is also produced in the fruits naturally to stimulate their ripening in a natural way. The experiments reported that the "calcium carbide (CaC 2)" treatment hastens the ripening processes of unripe fruits as shown by the rates of softening, respiration, flavor and color changes.Calcium carbide is mostly used for ripening of fruit; while, its use is being discouraged worldwide, due to associated health hazards. Forbidden Fruits: When artificial ripening gives you a raw deal ... Rane further stated that FDA has been a given free hand to act in accordance with the law for the safety and good health of the people. Today, the problem of ripening the fruit after it has been removed from the plant in … To begin with, artificial ripening is the process where fruits and vegetables are matured using ripening agents. To avoid this trader, harvest raw fruit and ripe them artificially. Different ripening agents are used worldwide for ripening of fruits like calcium carbide, acetylene, propylene, ethanol, ethylene, glycol, ethrel and many others. Even if the appearance of the artificially ripened fruits improve, the properties like taste, smell, and touch are found to be weak. During the process of ripening several factors like temperature, humidity etc. In case of artificial ripening, fruit ripening agents like ethylene and acetylene promote the ripening process and cause color changes in the fruits. Although ripening through usage of chemicals is banned in several countries, India still continues to […] The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends five servings of fruits and vegetables every day for a healthy living. During ripening fruits soften, changes colour, and characteristic aroma and flavours develop. Health hazards posed by the consumption of artificially ripened fruits in Bangladesh Abstract This review paper discusses the impact of chemicals used in fruits as ripening agent on fruit quality and consumers’ health. KEY TAKEAWAYS • Use of carbide gas or acetylene gas is not permitted for artiicial ripening of fruits under Food Safety and Standards Regulations, 2011due to the potential health hazards. Locals call for thorough checking . Artificial ripening of fruits is a complex issue especially in developing countries like India and requires the combined involvement of the whole community, government agencies, policymakers, fruit-sellers, farmers, scientists and consumers to find an effective solution to this matter. Mysore, September 16: Fruits are a good source of vitamins and minerals, and play an important role in preventing vitamin C and vitamin A deficiencies. Ethephon, 2-chloroethylphosphonic acid, is one of the most commonly used plant growth regulators. Ripening of a fruit is a natural process. It is a hormone produced naturally within the fruits to stimulate ripening process. conversion of starch to sugar. Artificial ripening is a common practice. acts as a catalyst. The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has developed a Guidance Note No.04/2018 on "ARTIFICIAL RIPENING OF FRUITS – Ethylene gas- A safe fruit ripener” and shared through its website i.e. The health officials made their views known in a national survey conducted by NAN on the health implications of the practice. By Dr. Renu Agrawal. Artificial Ripening of Fruits: Ripening is associated with change in composition i.e. The mango trade is fraught with health hazards due to the get-rich-quick schemes of vendors who artificially ripen the fruit using a harmful chemical. Chemicals and plants hormones are also being used in harvested fruits at the time of marketing in Bangladesh. 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