It is on this, premise that this study took an overview of the, impacts of climate change in Nigeria with the aim. We argue that Colombian agriculture as a whole would benefit from a better outlining of adaptation needs across temporal scales in sub-sectorial assessments that take into account both RV2012 and F2013 orientations to adaptation. 2005). Meaning that with education as a powerful instrument to effect any desired change, climate change impacts in Nigeria can be tackled. (pp. Every half degree (or even less) of global warming counts. Lake Annecy had the lowest amount of nutrition levels and responded comparatively poorly. Mean annual and monthly temperature and rainfall data were collected from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency and some States’ airports for a period of 105 years (1901-2005). Published data from. Under such, circumstances, there is increased possibility of, additional contamination of the limited sources, of water and transmission of water borne diseases, like cholera, typhoid fever, guinea worm infection, and river blindness. [32] Lake Annecy, Lake Geneva, and Lake Bourget were subject to experiments related to their zooplankton. The growth of the world's population has increased energy demand. As the country strives to meet the food consumption needs of its rapidly growing population, agriculture in the country (as in the rest of sub-Saharan Africa) is expected to be among the hardest hit by climate change (Parry et al. MANAGEMENT SUMMARY • We use a balanced panel household data set collected in 2000, 2004, 2007 and 2010 from eight agro-regional zones and climate data from 1980 to 2010. There is also a significant relationship between level of education and knowledge of climate change, whereas there is no relationship between occupation of respondents and knowledge of socio-economic effects of climate change. Crops. Satellite measurements reveal an increase in melting at both poles and ice are moving more quickly to the sea. In a recent study, a national-level assessment of the likely future impacts of climate change on agriculture was, Small Island and Low Lying Developing Sates of the Caribbean produce less than 1 per cent of the total global greenhouse gas emissions, but bear an overwhelmingly disproportionate level of risk associated with the impacts of climate change. One aspect that has been greatly affected by climate change is the weather. seriously threatened by a metre rise of sea-level. We describe a framework based on experiments and observations that effectively supports the integration of ecological processes into an integrative modeling chain of EGS provision in mountain regions, the political decision-making process and also transdisciplinary stakeholder interactions. performed (Ramirez-Villegas et al. Global warming threatens to sharply accelerate the rate of global sea level rise by melting glaciers and ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica. [Global Jnl Environ Sci Vol.2(2) 2003: 118-127]. monthly, seasonal, annual, decadal, periodic. Causes and Effect of Climate and Environmental Changes In a broad sense, climate and environmental changes is the after mat of so many human activities and some natural occurrences. World temperature and water resources data were collected from different sources. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate (IPCC) 2007. doors and furniture in most buildings, in Nigeria, are made of wood. Excess nutrients in water bodies, or eutrophication, can result in more algae and plant growth which can be harmful to humans, aquatic communities, and even birds. In Romania, for instance, extreme weather events have multiplied since 2002. urghila et al. Text taken from In brief, The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture, 2018, FAO, FAO. Second, we find that climate change impacts are much more pronounced for forest EGS, while changes to agricultural EGS result primarily from shifts in economic conditions. Rising ocean temperatures[3] and ocean acidification[4] are radically altering marine aquatic ecosystems, while freshwater ecosystems are being impacted by changes in water temperature, water flow, and fish habitat loss. Another adverse effect of climate change is extreme weather and sea levels. The, mean air temperature in Nigeria between 1901 and, higher than the global mean temperature increase, scientific temperature measurement started (Spore, 2008; IPCC 2007). [27], Fisheries and aquaculture contribute significantly to food security and livelihoods. This has led to increasing evapotranspiration and water stress resulting in the drying up of rivers and lakes. Moreover, bush, burning either for hunting, farm clearing or by, herdsmen to facilitate the sprouting of fresh, grasses for their animals to graze on should be, stopped. Global warming and food production: Odjugo PAO 2001b. This has prompted, massive emigration and resettlement of people to, areas less threatened by desertification. Such, emigration gives rise to social effects like loss of, dignity and social values. Malaysia, as a developing country, also requires significant energy to drive economic development and address population demand. Our simulation results reveal four key aspects that influence the future provision of mountain EGS. The rising ocean acidity makes it more difficult for marine organisms such as shrimp, oysters, or corals to form their shells – a process known as calcification. of climate change effects, but also of how they are distributed across populations, and over time. Similarly, petroleum formation is attributed largely to marine and aquatic plankton further illustrating the key role of the oceans in carbon sequestration. These limestone cliffs are formed from the skeletons of marine plankton called coccoliths. Odjugo (2005, 2007), observe that the number of rain days dropped by, 53% in the north-eastern Nigeria and 14% in the, Niger-Delta Coastal areas. The data were computed and analysed using the square method, maps and bar graphs. Mean annual and monthly temperature and rainfall data were collected from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency and some States' airports for a period of 105 years (1901-2005). CAUSES ANDEFFECTS OFCLIMATE CHANGEDate: 24th November 2012Presented by: NARAINO MAJIENabiilah 2. As the country strives to meet the food consumption needs of its rapidly growing population, agriculture in the country (as in the rest of sub-Saharan Africa) is expected to be among the hardest hit by climate change (Parry et al. Healthy ocean ecosystems are essential for the mitigation of climate change. Surface water bodies were also, observed to be drying up, for example, Lake Chad, rainstorms were observed to kill 199 people and, destroyed property worth N85.03 billion in Nigeria, While the activities of the developed nations. Mean annual and monthly temperature and rainfall data were collected from the Nigerian, different sources as acknowledged in the text were also used. Akonga AZ 2001.The causes and impacts of drought. CLIMATE change is a worldwide phenomenon but a second look at the topic suggests that Nigeria may be immune from it. Prospects for climate-resilient sustainable development are related fundamentally, The projected impact of climate change on agro-ecological systems is considered widespread and significant, particularly across the global tropics. We have also been able to detect oil spill on -shore using optical image. Various manifestations of its impact are evident in Nigeria, which include increase in drought, scarcity of food instigated somewhat by irregularities in rainfall and over flooding. We can adapt to climate change impacts or mitigate the climate change. For information on reusing text from Wikipedia, please see the terms of use. It often results in, increasing spate of communal clashes among, herdsmen and farmers and such clashes resulted, in the death of 186 people in six northern states, of the destitute that emigrated as a result of, drought and desertification usually move to, nearby urban areas to beg for alms thereby, compounding the already tense urbanization, Climate change will alter all aspects of the, hydrological cycle ranging from evaporation, through precipitation, run off and discharge, (Mcguire et al. The study diagnosed key challenges directly affecting major crops and regions within the Colombian agricultural system and suggested a number of actions thought to facilitate adaptation, while refraining from proposing specific strategies at local scales. EMEROLE1 Department of Agribusiness and Management, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria 1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Abia State University Umuahia Campus, Abia State, Nigeria Heat waves has already caused deaths in Europe in 2003 and has recorded the warmest temperatures since 1500. Industrial produc-, tions should convert to machines that emit limited, industrial machines should be improved upon to, use only ethanol, solar engines, electric engines, or hybrid electric engines. Decreases in both marine and terrestrial production in almost 85 percent of coastal countries analysed are predicted, varying widely in their national capacity to adapt.[18]. Overview of current scientific knowledge, "Climate change impacts on the world fisheries resources", "Global synchrony in fish population variations", "Fisheries and long-term climate variability", Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, International Seafood Sustainability Foundation, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, Illustrative model of greenhouse effect on climate change, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Climate_change_and_fisheries&oldid=991878219, Articles with dead external links from May 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Csirke, Jorge and Vasconcellos, Marcelo (1995), This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 07:45. While climate change will make some countries to experience increase in water resources, majority will face serious water stress. The pattern of farming systems and. On the other hand, women have unique knowledge and skills that can help make the response to climate change more effective and sustainable. The water scarcity will create the, tendency for concentration of users around the, remaining limited sources of water. In terms of rising sea levels, millions of people will be displaced from shoreline places. the northern part of the country by 1-10km a year. ... For instance, Wight (2005) notes that since 1855, global average temperature has shown periods of cooling and warming but in general has increased by 0.6 o C annually. 3 Acknowledgements This working paper draws on research conducted as part of the Meeting Information and Advocacy Needs for Climate Change Adaptation in Zimbabwe project funded by the UK Government’s Department for International Development (DfID). A strategic climate-resilience model has been developed, and if adopted/adapted, can help to increase the climate resilience capacity of the small-scale crop producers. The Effect of Climate Change on Water Resources and Programs Introduction The goal of this module is to educate water program managers, as well as the general public, on the expected effects of climate change on water resources and water programs. years respectively (Smith 1994; Msumba 2006). This is especially concerning because its population is expanding rapidly, and it is considered to be a major economic engine for the region. Another major problem to, agriculture in Nigeria due to climate change is the, reduction of arable lands. For the population this could result in increased water and food insecurity, higher exposure to heat Some activities generate both mitigation and adaptation benefits, for example, the restoration of mangrove forests can protect shorelines from erosion and provide breeding grounds for fish while also sequestering carbon. The study investigated the impact of climate change on yields of leading food crops in Nigeria and assessed the transmission channels of climate shocks to welfare. A major recommendation of the study was ‘expert reviews’ of the research report, because of the limitations of the study, which was influenced also by COVID-19 pandemic. Primary climatic data (Rainfall and Temperature) for Nigeria were collected from the Nigeria Meteorological Station, Lagos between 1960 and 2002. Gas flaring especially, in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria should be, Nigeria should encourage the use of renew-, able energy sources such as photovoltaic cells, in a small scale. Against the backdrop of the deadly effects of climate change, it is important that Nigeria mitigates these by letting people appreciate the reality and the … area are expected to have a low to moderate vulnerability to climate change, but are likely to experience extreme stresses from local land-based human activities, especially when these activities are combined with the pressures caused by climate change. The, published data as shown against the figures. 3. Causes and Effect of Climate and Environmental Changes In a broad sense, climate and environmental changes is the after mat of so many human activities and some natural occurrences. Consequently, the concepts of climate change, sustainable development, barriers and strategies are identified. In these countries the limit system has successfully helped in fishing industries. 2008). We argue that much improvement in awareness and compliance to climate risk adaptation will occur in the DCs if more people are involved in the strategic policy and planning process. Sea level rise and ocean surge are the major potential impacts of climate change in the rapidly growing urban Lagos in Nigeria. There are feedback mechanisms involved here. The establishment of monitoring programs and the progress toward the preparation and adoption of national adaptation policies are documented. Fourth, simulations illustrate the importance of interactions between environmental shifts and economic decisions. Nwafor JC 2007. Water stored in this ice is enough to raise global sea levels by catastrophic amounts if they are released. This is commendable considering it is one of the top six greenhouse gas emitters in Africa. Studies show that the state of the ocean is causing fisheries to collapse, and in areas where fisheries have not yet collapsed, the amount of over-fishing that is done is having a significant impact on the industry. The experimental observation was taken for the % removal of CO2 from the mixture of air and CO2, development of adsorption isotherm and to study the effect of pressure and inlet gas flow rate on the amount of CO2 adsorbed per kg of biochar. Histogram, trendline and time series were the statistical tools employed to analyse the data. They range from education to inform and encourage behavioural change to changing location and use, preventing effects, modifying threats, and sharing loss. Still, adaptation in densely populated cities within the DCs is surrounded by many uncertainties. The on-going plan to supply water to the, disappearing Lake Chad from the Congo Basin, should be intensified and brought into fruition, within the shortest possible time. change in the state of the climate that can be, identified (e.g., by using statistical tests) by, changes in the mean and /or the variability of its, properties, and that persists for an extended, length of time it takes the changes to manifest, matters, the level of deviation from the normal, that secular variations in climate occurring over, a period of 100 to 150 years may not qualify as a, climate change if conditions will quickly reverse, later, but a change in climate usually takes place, over a long period of time of at least 150 years, ecosystem. This inhibits the ability of the ocean ecosystems to sequester carbon as the oceans warm. Data were collected with the aid of questionnaires complemented with an interview schedule. A rise in temperature by 1% reduces crop yields by -0.12% in the regime of high yield while 1% increase in rainfall increases yields by 0.21% and 0.26%, respectively in high and low yield period. The country’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) made under the Paris Agreement embodies the country’s efforts to reduce national emissions and to adapt to the effects of climate change. The scientific basis for ocean fertilization – to produce more phytoplankton to increase the uptake of CO2 – has been challenged, and proposals for burial of CO2 in the deep ocean have come under criticism from environmentalists. While the choice, groundnut and maize, they were millet, maize and, bean by 2007. Effects of climate change go beyond individual households. K E Y W O R D S advanced alternative energy, fuel cells, Malaysia, portable devices, residential applications. low level of coping capabilities (Nwafor 2007; Jagtap 2007). Fresh water represents less than half of one per cent of the total; the rest is either seawater or locked up in ice caps or soil. Desert encroachment, coastal inundations, drying up of surface waters and shift in crops. Climate change 2007. Histogram, trendline and time series were the statistical, tools employed to analyse the data. Nigeria has ratified the 2915 Paris Agreement. Malaysian conventional power generation system is highly dependent on natural gas, coal, and oil power systems that have had significant environmental impacts. A Communication, Paper presented at the International Confe-. How climate change threatens the world’s, DeWeerdt S 2007. We conclude with two case studies of research on climate change impacts and adaptation developed in Colombia that serve as examples of realistic, productive sectorial and sub-national assessments. Although the length of time it takes for change in climate to manifest matters, the level of deviations from the normal and its impacts on the ecology are most paramount. While Januaries and Decembers have shown little increase in temperature between 1961 and 2018, other months especially March/April and June/July (which are wet season and dry season planting periods, respectively) have shown significant rise in temperature within the same period. This paper investigates the impact of climate change on global and regional water resources. Climate change destabilises the Earth’s temperature equilibrium and has far-reaching effects on human beings and the environment. Impacts of climate change on human health, had shrunk to 10% of its original size. Currently, approximately 22.6% of the country's landmass is being affected by desertification. The result shows that the atmospheric concentration of most greenhouse gases (GHGs) is increasing and this has resulted to changing global climate with increasing temperature. With so many climate change challenges like in south- south and south East gas flaring Northern part with drought and desertification both arid and semi arid desert shortage of water and so on. in coping with climate change. [28] This food security is threatened by climate change and the increasing world population. Results indicated a ‘moderately high’ level of climate resilience of the small-scale farm businesses. Hence, this research was carried out in the country. It focuses on components of the project dedicated to coral reef monitoring and policy formulation. Some of the worst flooding in recent memory happened five years ago in March 2012 when 32 of Nigeria… Coastal Inundation. Findings are presented in text and scanty charts. Current contribution of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, Air temperature distribution in Nigeria between 1901 and 2005, Rainfall distribution in Nigeria between 1901 and 2005, Impacts of climate change on human health Source: Author, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Odjugo Akpodiogagaa Ovuyovwiroye, All content in this area was uploaded by Odjugo Akpodiogagaa Ovuyovwiroye on Dec 19, 2013, General Overview of Climate Change Impacts in Nigeria. The current global, estimate of sea level rise is 0.2 m and it is projected, to increase to 1 m by the year 2100 (Hengeveld et, al. Investment on, improved agricultural technology, which should, include the manufacturing and establishment of, storage facilities, are very necessary. Thus the entire marine food web is being altered – there are ‘cracks in the food chain’. This means more water for irrigation. This is a clear evidence of climate, change because a notable impact of climate, change is, increasing rainfall in most coastal areas, and decreasing rains in the continental interiors, (IPCC 1996; NEST 2003). Some natural causes of climate change are referred to as ‘’climate forcing’’ or ‘’forcing mechanisms’’. It is therefore advisable that, those with black skins should avoid toning their, skins because such act will make them highly, For the developing nations like Nigeria to, survive the effects of climate change, serious, adaptation measures are needed. will experience reduction in water stress. The production of crops and livestock other than pigs in Sub-Saharan Africa is typically located in semiarid regions (Barrios et al. This knowledge will help us to prepare for and adapt to the effects of climate change. The, information from these sources was displayed for, analysis using flow and pie charts and time series, The temperature trend in Nigerian since 1901, shows increasing pattern (Fig 2). Ayinde et al (2010) stated that the vulnerability of African farmers to the effects of climate change is expected to be most severe in Nigeria, due to their low coping capability. For instance, a, atmosphere is about 22,000 times that of CO, respect to tropospheric zone depletion. Hulme 1996, Shackleton et al. Because of our climatic condition getting optical image that is free from c. My aim is know how farmers have been able to adapt and how they manage to continue to increase yield or continued farming. Climate Change Adaptation Vulnerable groups can be more affected by climate change due to limited resources and low adaptive capacity (BNRCC, 2011). Highlights • A comprehensive review of fuel cell systems as a source of renewable energy for the residence sector in Malaysia is presented. It is important to remember that no one list of the effects of climate change can be exhaustive. Using radar we can detect oil spill off-shore. Smith G 1994. This means that the areas where this quota exist, the government has legal entity over it and in these boundaries they are entitled to utilize their ocean resources as they wish.[50]. Indisputably, climate change is humanity's most significant challenge, and we cannot afford to ignore it any longer. [17], Fish catch of the global ocean is expected to decline by 6 percent by 2100 and by 11 percent in tropical zones. The ordinary least square regression analysis showed that a significant relationship exists between the socio-economic characteristics of the female arable crop farmers and the level of social exclusion they suffer. The negative effects are likely to fall most heavily on poor nations in tropical and subtropical regions. improved and ozone layer depletion will decline. For example, research on the effects of climate change on water and waste water management has revealed that flooding and associated pollution will greatly reduce the … The prospects for introducing portable fuel cell devices and residential applications have been comprehensively described as the most relevant application for the residential sector to implement this technology in Malaysia. In terms of disease, observations show that as tropical temperatures rise, disease carriers such as mosquitoes will likely migrate toward cooler regions. Carbon emissions mounted to a record high last year, prompting warnings from the UN-backed Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change … The pattern of rainfall was depicted using the, histogram while trend lines were used to depict, the slope of the rainfall and temperature. It is estimated that a, metre rise in sea level will displace about 14 million, people from the coastal areas of Nigeria (Abu, rise up to a metre will displace 10, 13 and 72 million, people in the coastal areas of Egypt, Bangladesh, The increasing temperature and decreasing, rainfall have led to frequent drought and, desertification. It therefore provides good reference material for further research and advocacy on the subject. Desertification. furniture materials in Nigeria. World Bank (2006) Aquaculture: Changing the Face of the Waters: List of harvested aquatic animals by weight, License statement/permission on Wikimedia Commons, "Impacts of Sea Level Rise on the Coastal Zone of Bangladesh", 10.1579/0044-7447(2006)35[326:CIOAFE]2.0.CO;2, Observations: Oceanic Climate Change and Sea Level, Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, "Climate Action Benefits: Freshwater Fish", "Redistribution of Fish Catch by Climate Change. 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