Location and Geography. Infoplease is the world's largest free reference site. Independent Nigeria Faces Ethnic Conflicts . A History of Nigeria is an impressive book, the more so because its ambitions initially appear straightforward. Nigeria's agricultural products are cocoa, peanuts, cotton, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, yams, rubber, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, timber, and fish. For example, when 'travel' is used in the sense 'to be away,' as in ... but a modification of the verb 'to travel. H. C. Darby, The Relations of History and Geography: Studies in England, France and the United States (Exeter, 2002). In the south, it has lowlands that climb into hills and plateaus in the central part of the country. Within the last five decades, GIS has evolved from a concept to a science. It also shares a border with the self-declared, but internationally unrecognized state of Ambazonia in the southeast. Geography . View Images. Nigeria is a country located in West Africa along the Atlantic Ocean's Gulf of Guinea. 2. Noted geographical features in Nigeria include the Adamawa highlands, The history of Nigeria’s police abuses helps us see the continuities in the misuse of state power against citizens. Nigeria has a long history that dates back as far as 9000 B.C.E. '"(Ayo Bamgbose, "Identifying Nigerian Uses in Nigerian English." km. In ancient and pre-colonial times, the area of present-day Nigeria was occupied by a great diversity of ethnic groups with very different languages and traditions. As we know,agriculture is majorly divided into crop farming and animal rearing.The focus here is mainly on technology involving crop farming. Lagos, which was designated the capital shortly after the British established the unified colony of Nigeria in 1900, was situated in the southwestern corner of the nation in a region heavily dominated by Yoruba Christians. BRIEF HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT PLANNING IN NIGERIA. 1861 | Britain establishes the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. Events occurring before the invention of writing systems are considered prehistory. Governor Bernard Bourdillion The history of Federalism in Nigeria can be traced to the division of the country into three provinces (Northern Province, Western Province and Eastern Province) by Governor Bernard Bourdillion in 1939. 'Geography' derives from the Greek γεωγραφία – geographia, literally "Earth-writing", that is, description or writing about the Earth. However, Nigeria’s most diverse feature is its people. Geography and Climate of Nigeria Nigeria is a large country that has a varied topography. Political corruption remained throughout the late 1970s and into the 1980s though and 1983, the Second Republic government as it came to be known was overthrown. 1960. Nasarawa State is bounded in the north by Kaduna State, in the west by the Abuja Federal Capital Territory, in the south by Kogi and Benue States and in the east by Taraba and Plateau States. Discuss the background to the development of educational policies in Nigeria; 2. Within this given geographic, economic and cultural context the development of literacy, the culture of reading and the basic development of technology in Nigeria will be briefly examined before moving on to the main focus, the development and implementation of ICTs in Nigeria’s libraries during the past two decades. It is about twice the size of the U.S. state of California and is located between Benin and Cameroon. 1472 | Portuguese navigators reach Nigerian coast. Numerous ancient African civilizations settled in the region that is known today as Nigeria, such as the Kingdom of Nri, the Benin Empire, and the Oyo Empire. As at then, Nigeria had 25% of all the population of Africa. GEOGRAPHY Location: Nigeria is located in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea between Benin and Cameroon. The earliest culture in Nigeria is identifiable by the distinctive artifacts of the Nok people. History of Technology in Nigeria Agricultural Sector This is a vast area due to the numerous branches of agriculture practiced in Nigeria with the various technologies employed to drive them. This has forced large numbers of Igbo, Ibibio, and Hausa people to migrate to other parts of the country. History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry; knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past. Nigeria is often called the "Giant of Africa." Approximately in the centre of the country, it is geographically unique in Nigeria due to its boundaries of elevated hills surrounding the Jos Plateau its capital, and the entire plateau itself. by David Graddol, Dick Leith, and Joan Swann. Nigeria: History, Geography, Government, and Culture- Infoplease.com. The earliest cities in Nigeria were the northern cities of Kano and Katsina that started around 1000 C.E. The word I am currently the first and only female Professor of Transportation Geography in Nigeria. Nigeria's main ethnic groups are Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba. In 1989, the Third Republic began and in the early 1990s, government corruption remained and there were several attempts to again overthrown the government. Nigeria has a long history that dates back as far as 9000 B.C.E. First, the spread of Islam, predominantly in the north but later in southwestern Nigeria as well, began a millennium ago. Nigeria - Nigeria - Resources and power: Nigeria has a variety of both renewable and nonrenewable resources, some of which have not yet been effectively tapped. Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details? University education in Nigeria from the beginning seemed to be a mirage for Nigerians, with lack of interest demonstrated by the Christian Missionaries who first started giving education and subsequent involvement of the colonial government who Background & History of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) By Amy Carmosino Last updated: 4 Apr 2020 ~ 3 min read. 393 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<6312FDACFCE9699E4879E3054368E536>]/Index[385 38]/Info 384 0 R/Length 65/Prev 108020/Root 386 0 R/Size 423/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Nigeria. Nigeria, one-third larger than Texas and the most populous country in Africa, is situated on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. Shell is a massive TNC that operates in many countries around the world. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Several dominant themes in Nigerian history are essential for understanding contemporary Nigerian politics and society. Nigeria covers an area of 356,669 square miles (923,768 square kilometers), or about twice the size of California. The central region has hills and plateaus. Education in Nigeria today is in a decline that can be traced back to the 80s and the 90s. Plateau State is celebrated as "The Home of Peace and Tourism". On Oct. 1, 1960, Nigeria gained independence, becoming a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and joining the United Nations. As at independence, the Queen of England was still the head of state of Nigeria. Nasarawa was created on 1 October 1996 from the (today neighboring) Plateau State. In the southeast, there are mountains while the north consists mainly of plains. These phases and the time in which they took place are. Abuja, city, capital of Nigeria. Nigeria is often called the "Giant of Africa." Cultism is defined as the activities or practices of a group of people with one common spiritual, religious or philosophical belief. It also has a bicameral National Assembly consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Let us take a look at the history of cultism in Nigeria and how it all began. Nigeria shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Outline and explain the goals of traditional education in Nigeria. (n.d.). Geography Nigeria, one-third larger than Texas and the most populous country in Africa, is situated on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. History of GIS. Retrieved from: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2836.htmWikipedia.com. Solar energy, probably the most extensive of the underutilized renewable resources, is likely to remain untapped for some time. Nigeria is divided into 36 states and one territory for local administration. Lawsuit to Protect Historical Records (December 2020) ... Background Readings; Nigeria: Four Regions at the Time of Independence. In October 1960, it came when it was established as a federation of three regions with a parliamentary government. endstream endobj 386 0 obj <>/Metadata 53 0 R/Outlines 405 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/PageMode/UseOutlines/Pages 380 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/StructTreeRoot 66 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 387 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 2/Type/Page>> endobj 388 0 obj <>stream Its neighbors are Benin, Niger, Cameroon, and Chad. The phenomenal evolution of GIS from a rudimentary tool to a modern, powerful platform for understanding and planning our world is marked by several key milestones. Retrieved from: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ni.html, Infoplease.com. Nigeria is a country in West Africa. Nigeria finally became an independent nation on October 1 st, 1960. First, the spread of Islam, predominantly in the north but later in southwestern Nigeria as well, began a millennium ago. H. C. Darby, Domesday England (Cambridge, 1977). (1 June 2010). During this period, the British colonial government couldn’t interfere in the education system due to some political and financial factors. As at then, Nigeria had 25% of all the population of Africa. The capital was moved from Lagos to Abuja due to political divisions, geographical constraints, and ethnic tensions. The Central Bank has branches in all the state capitals and provides guidelines to all commercial and merchant banks in the country. 422 0 obj <>stream Around 1400, the Yoruba kingdom of Oyo was founded in the southwest and reach its height from the 17th to the 19th century. Central Intelligence Agency. Long after the desert pushed those populations south, Niger became a fixture on the trans-Saharan trade route. In the southeast, it also shares a border with the breakaway state of Ambazonia. Most of these education processes were impacted into the children informally; a few of these societies gave a more formal teaching of the society and culture. In 1885, the British claimed a sphere of influence over Nigeria and in 1886, the Royal Niger Company was established. History of Nigeria’s economy dated back to before independence on October 1960. Most such usages cut across all first-language backgrounds. The education system is divided into Kindergarten, Primary education, Secondary education and Tertiary education. The Early History of GIS. Its coast lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the south and it borders Lake Chad to the northeast. History. But in 1872, they started to intervene in the education system by giving donations to the missionary societies to support education.. Assess the impacts of these philosophies on the overall educational progress of our nation; ... from British and America schools with little attempt to use local materials in the teaching of the subjects like history and geography. As Nigeria preparded for independence, the British worked out an arrangement which divided Nigeria into four regions. 385 0 obj <> endobj Organized as a loose federation of self-governing states, the independent nation faced the overwhelming task of unifying a country with 250 ethnic and linguistic groups. The Bantu people today live in the geographical region that stretches from central Africa eastwards and southwards. Truth is colonialism plays a big role in the history of Nigeria’s economy. BACKGROUND 1.1 Geography and History of Nigeria The Federal Republic of Nigeria is located on the coast of West Africa. History Before the Sahara started swallowing Niger around 2500 BC, it supported verdant grasslands, abundant wildlife and populations thriving on hunting and herding. Walking is the earliest form of movement man ever employed and we still use it till date.However transportation technology has obviously evolved to the point that man can now travel to outer space. During the 1980s the new capital city was built and developed on the grass-covered Chukuku Hills. The history of geography is closely connected with the history of human society and its development. The Sokoto Plains and the Borno Plains are located in the northwestern and … The missionary organizations available then were the Chord missionary society, the Wesleyan Methodist, and the Catholic. History of Technology in Nigeria Transport System. (12 May 2010). Nigeria's government is considered a federal republic and it has a legal system based on English common law, Islamic law (in its northern states) and traditional laws. In the south the Yoruba kingdom of the Oyo developed around 1400. Robin Butlin, Historical Geography: Through the Gates of Space and Time (London, 1993), pp. The history of Boko Haram cannot be disentangled from the immense political change Nigeria underwent during the 1999 transition to democracy. Umaru Yar'Adua then became the president of Nigeria and he vowed to reform the country's elections, fight its crime problems and continue working on economic growth. "History" is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. h�bbd``b`z"L��&�`�)f``$�`�F�6|��� �E 5 as shown in archaeological records. Understanding geomorphology is therefore essential to understanding one of the most popular divisions of geography. Assess the impacts of these philosophies on the overall educational progress of our nation; 3. In the south, it has lowlands that climb into hills and plateaus in the central part of the country. 1. There were very promising signs about Nigeria’s economy after the country gained independence from Britain. The lower course of the Niger River flows south through the western part of the country into the Gulf of Guinea. Today, Nigeria can be described as a nation with educated individuals and it is estimated that over 78 percent of the male population are educated while that of the women stands at 64 percent. Nigeria's judicial branch is made up of the Supreme Court and the Federal Court of Appeal. This name comes from the vastness of its land, the diversity of its peoples and languages, its huge population (the largest in … Geography affects culture through topographical features such as mountains or deserts as well as climate, which can dictate options for clothing, shelter and food. Nigeria - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Nigeria, country located on the western coast of Africa. In 1963 however, Nigeria proclaimed itself a federal republic and drafted a new constitution. Yugoslavia and its former republics have been a major area of tension and warfare in the 1990s. A Brief History of the African Country of Liberia, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento, Life expectancy in Nigeria is 47 years of age, English is Nigeria's official language but Hausa, Igbo Yoruba, Fulani, and Kanuri are others that are spoken in the country, Lagos, Kano, and Ibadan are the largest cities in Nigeria. The original homeland of the Bantu community of people is believed to have been West Africa along the boundary of what is today Nigeria and Cameroon. Throughout the 1960s, Nigeria's government was unstable as it underwent several governmental overthrows; its prime minister was assassinated and was engaged in a civil war. FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA: Nigeria has an area of 923,768.00 sq kilometres and lies between latitude 40 and 140 North of the equator and longitudes 30 and 140 East of the greenwich meridian. Definition of cultism. Shell in Nigeria. These skilled artisans and ironworkers flourished between the fourth century B.C. Nigeria's National Mosque is in the capital city of Abuja. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. It is part of human interests, and precedents can be found in all ancient cultures. Facts on world and country flags, maps, geography, history, statistics, disasters current events, and international relations. It is bordered on the west by Benin, on the north by Niger and Chad, and on the east by Cameroon. Resource extraction is the most important sector of the economy. In 1999 a new constitution and in May of that same year, Nigeria became a democratic nation after years of political instability and military rule. Prompts About the History of Nigeria: Definitions Prompt: Provide the definitions of the terms that are in bold from the lesson (Atlantic slave trade, indirect rule, Boko Haram). Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. It has a land area of 923,766 square kilometres. In what way do you think the traditional system of education is relevant to the poverty HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Several dominant themes in Nigerian history are essential for understanding contemporary Nigerian politics and society. Nigeria is in West Africa, along the eastern coast of the Gulf of Guinea, and just north of the equator. To the north were the Hausa kingdoms and the Bornu Empire. The Oyo expanded over the next several centuries to cover much of the southwest area. Grew through the western coast of Africa. provides guidelines to all commercial and banks. 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