Glossary of Mining Terms . Coal has been used since the Bronze Age, 3,000 to 4,000 years ago, and was the basic energy source that fueled the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries. Our coal reserves consist of about 48% anthracite and bituminous coal, about 37% subbitu-minous coal, and about 15% lignite. 283. monitoring of environmental measures. In contrast both E. A. Wrigley and Kenneth Pomeranz have made coal central to the story. Before mining begins, a mining plan and a mine closure and restoration plan must be prepared and ap-proved. These plans define the sequence and nature of extraction operations and detail the methods to be used in closure and restoration. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. A global exploration of coal geology, from production and use to chemical properties and coal petrology. adit – a horizontal or nearly horizontal underground passage coming to the surface at one end of a mine. On the unstable earth, the un-resting mankind constantly uses a variety of resources for daily lives. Coal Mining and Production. the Industrial Revolution, recent cliometric accounts have assumed coal mining mattered little to the Industrial Revolution. by frequent inquiries for information about coal mining and related subjects from faculty and students in the coal mining program at Southeast Community College. The objective of this glossary is to provide our clients with a useful reference guide to the language of commodity trading and risk management. Coal mining, extraction of coal deposits from the surface of Earth from underground. (Thesis). ; alluvium – a deposit of sand, mud, etc., formed by flowing water. Th e U.S. has about 255 billion tonnes of recoverable coal reserves or about 27% of the world total, more than any other country (See Figure 2.1, Chapter 2) [2]. Abutment - In coal mining, (1) the weight of the rocks above a narrow roadway is transferred to the solid coal along the sides, which act as abutments of the arch of strata spanning the roadway; and (2) the weight of the rocks over a longwall face is transferred to the front abutment, that is, the solid coal ahead of the face and the back abutment, that is, the settled packs behind the face. Highwall mining is a coal mining method for recovery of outcropped coal by mechanical excavation without removal of overburden. This paper constructs new series on coal rents, the price of coal at pithead and at The impact of coal mining on the environment and community quality of life: a case study investigation of the impacts and conflicts associated with coal mining in the Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. A continuous miner with single or multiple augers/cutting heads is operated underground and controlled remotely by crew located outside. A. Download our PDF of Gold Mining Terms. ; alluvial – of or pertaining to alluvium; alluvial soil. mining sector in the country that includes legislation, administration, policy formulation etc. The Energy, utilities and mining practice of PricewaterhouseCoopers has compiled this glossary of oil and gas, utilities and mining commodity trading and risk management terms. Th e distribution of coal reserves in the U.S. is shown in ; assay – to analyze (an ore, alloy, etc.) expensive surface mining method. Coal mining adversely affects the eco-system as a whole. In the case of atomic minerals and coal activities of the … in respect of all mines and minerals other than coal and lignite, natural gas and petroleum, but including offshore minerals. in order to determine the proportion of gold, silver, or other metal in it. University of Cape Town ,Faculty of Engineering & the Built Environment ,Department of Chemical Engineering. 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